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Interview Questions and Answers for 'String comparison' - 4 question(s) found - Order By Newest

Very Very frequently asked. Among the first few questions in almost all interviews.Among Top 5 frequently asked questions. Frequently asked in Indian service companies (HCL,TCS,Infosys etc, Based on multiple feedback )
  Q1. Difference between == and .equals() ?Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. "equals" is the method of object class which is supposed to be overridden to check object equality, whereas "==" operator evaluate to see if the object handlers on the left and right are pointing to the same object in memory.

x.equals(y) means the references x and y are holding objects that are equal. x==y means that the references x and y have same object.

Sample code:

String x = new String("str");
String y = new String("str");

System.out.println(x == y); // prints false
System.out.println(x.equals(y)); // prints true

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Try 6 Question(s) Test


 Q2. public class a {
   public static void main(String args[]){
      final String s1=""job"";
      final String s2=""seeker"";
      String s3=s1.concat(s2);
      String s4=""jobseeker"";
      System.out.println(s3==s4); // Output 1
      System.out.println(s3.hashCode()==s4.hashCode()); Output 2
   }
}

What will be the Output 1 and Output 2 ?
Core Java
Admin
info@buggybread.com
Ans. S3 and S4 are pointing to different memory location and hence Output 1 will be false.

Hash code is generated to be used as hash key in some of the collections in Java and is calculated using string characters and its length. As they both are same string literals, and hence their hashcode is same.Output 2 will be true.

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   Like      Discuss      Correct / Improve     java   string   hashcode   hash code   string comparison   string pool

Try 1 Question(s) Test


 Q3. What is the use of HashCode in objects ?Core Java
Admin
info@buggybread.com
Ans. Hashcode is used for bucketing in Hash implementations like HashMap, HashTable, HashSet etc.

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   Like      Discuss      Correct / Improve     java   string   hashcode   hash code   string comparison     Verilogue


 Q4. What will be result of following code and why

Integer int1 = 1;
Integer int2 = 1;
String str1 = new String("str");
String str2 = new String("str");
String str3 = "str";
String str4 = "str";

      
System.out.println(int1 == int2);
System.out.println(str1 == str2);
System.out.println(str3 == str4);
Core Java2017-05-08 10:15:00

Ans. true
false
true

Just like Strings, java maintains an integer constant pool too. So 1 will be maintained in integer constant pool and hence reference int2 will point to same integer in pool.

String pool is only for string literals ( defined by "" ) and not for newly created objects and hence str1 == str2 will return false as they are separate objects in memory.

String pool is used for storing string literals so that they can be reused and str3 and str4 will point to same string literal in string pool.


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   Like      Discuss      Correct / Improve     string pool  integer constant pool  string comparison  integer comparison




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