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Interview Questions and Answers for 'Bank Of America' - 11 question(s) found - Order By Newest

Very Very frequently asked. Among the first few questions in almost all interviews.Among Top 5 frequently asked questions.
  Q1. Difference between == and .equals() ?Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. "equals" is the method of object class which is supposed to be overridden to check object equality, whereas "==" operator evaluate to see if the object handlers on the left and right are pointing to the same object in memory.

x.equals(y) means the references x and y are holding objects that are equal. x==y means that the references x and y have same object.

Sample code:

String x = new String("str");
String y = new String("str");

System.out.println(x == y); // prints false
System.out.println(x.equals(y)); // prints true

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Frequently asked question in companies using Hibernate.
  Q2. What is Lazy Initialization in Hibernate ?Hibernate
Admin
info@buggybread.com
Ans. It's a feature to lazily initialize dependencies , relationship and associations from the Database. Any related references marked as @OneToMany or @ManyToMany are loaded lazily i.e when they are accessed and not when the parent is loaded.

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Very frequently asked. Favorite question in Walk in Drive of many Indian service companies. Frequently asked in HCL Technologies.
  Q3. What is the difference between final, finally and finalize() ?Core Java
Admin
info@buggybread.com
Ans. final - constant variable, objects cannot be de-referenced, restricting method overriding, restricting class sub classing.

finally - handles exception. The finally block is optional and provides a mechanism to clean up regardless of what happens within the try block. Use the finally block to close files or to release other system resources like database connections, statements etc.

finalize() - method helps in garbage collection. A method that is invoked before an object is discarded by the garbage collector, allowing it to clean up its state.

  Sample Code for final

  Sample Code for finally

  Sample Code for finalize

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Advanced level question usually asked in High end product companies. Have been asked in Google and Amazon (Based on 1 Feedback)
  Q4. Describe, in general, how java's garbage collector works ?Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. The Java runtime environment deletes objects when it determines that they are no longer being used. This process is known as garbage collection. The Java runtime environment supports a garbage collector that periodically frees the memory used by objects that are no longer needed. The Java garbage collector is a mark-sweep garbage collector that scans Java dynamic memory areas for objects, marking those that are referenced. After all possible paths to objects are investigated, those objects that are not marked (i.e. are not referenced) are known to be garbage and are collected.

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Frequently asked to experienced developers. Recently asked in many US interviews.
 Q5. What is database deadlock ? How can we avoid them?Database
Admin
info@buggybread.com
Ans. When multiple external resources are trying to access the DB locks and runs into cyclic wait, it may makes the DB unresponsive.

Deadlock can be avoided using variety of measures, Few listed below -

Can make a queue wherein we can verify and order the request to DB.

Less use of cursors as they lock the tables for long time.

Keeping the transaction smaller.



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Frequently asked to fresh graduates.
  Q6. Difference between Process and Thread ?Operating System
Anonymous
Ans. Process is a program in execution whereas thread is a separate path of execution in a program.

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Very frequently asked. Usually followed by questions related to private constructor and synchronized access. Frequently asked in JPMorgan (Based on 2 feedback)
  Q7. Explain Singleton Design Pattern ?Design
Admin
info@buggybread.com
Ans. http://www.buggybread.com/2014/03/java-design-pattern-singleton-interview.html

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  Q8. What is a self Join and give an example of a self Join ?Database2016-06-30 20:13:35

Ans. When a Table Join itself , it's a Self Join. For example - we like to know the pair of department names where first dept has lesser employees than the later.

Select D1.name , D2.name from Dept D1, Dept D2 where D1.employee_count < D2.employee_count

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 Q9. How to make sure that only one instance is created in Singleton Pattern ?Core Java2016-12-21 10:00:04

Ans. By Using Double Checked Locking code

//Double Checked Locking Code
public static Singleton createInstance() {
if(singleton == null){
synchronized(Singleton.class) {
if(singleton == null) {
singleton = new Singleton();
}
}
}
return singleton;
}

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   Like      Discuss      Correct / Improve     singleton  design pattern     Bank Of America India



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 Q10. What was the most difficult task in your last job ?General2017-01-09 13:15:20

Ans. [Open Ended Answer]

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   Like      Discuss      Correct / Improve          EPAM  Bank Of America


 Q11. What will be the output of following code ?

Base Interface

public interface BaseInterface {
   int i = 4;
}

Derived Interfaces

public interface DerivedInterface1 extends BaseInterface{
   int i = 5;
}

public interface DerivedInterface2 extends BaseInterface{
   int i=6;
}

Implementing Class

public class Class implements DerivedInterface1,DerivedInterface2 {
   public static void main(String[] args){
      System.out.println(BaseInterface.i);
   }
}

What will be the output upon executing main and Why ?
Core Java2017-01-26 13:42:29

Ans. It will print 4 because member elements of an interface are implicitly static and hence the concept of overriding doesn't work.


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