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Interview Questions and Answers for 'Equals' - 20 question(s) found - Order By Newest

Very Very frequently asked. Among the first few questions in almost all interviews.Among Top 5 frequently asked questions. Frequently asked in Indian service companies (HCL,TCS,Infosys etc, Based on multiple feedback )
  Q1. Difference between == and .equals() ?Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. "equals" is the method of object class which is supposed to be overridden to check object equality, whereas "==" operator evaluate to see if the object handlers on the left and right are pointing to the same object in memory.

x.equals(y) means the references x and y are holding objects that are equal. x==y means that the references x and y have same object.

Sample code:

String x = new String("str");
String y = new String("str");

System.out.println(x == y); // prints false
System.out.println(x.equals(y)); // prints true

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 Q2. What will be the output of following Code ?

class BuggyBread {
   public static void main(String[] args) {
      String s2 = "I am unique!";
      String s5 = "I am unique!";

      System.out.println(s2 == s5);
   }
}
Core Java
Admin
info@buggybread.com
Ans. true, due to String Pool, both will point to a same String object.

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   Like      Discuss      Correct / Improve     java   code   coding   tricky questions   interesting questions   string   string pool   .equal   ==      intermediate        frequent


 Q3. Can we compare Integers by using equals() in Java ?Core Java
Admin
info@buggybread.com
Ans. Yes for the Wrapper class Integer but not for the primitive int.

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Very Frequently asked. Favorite question in walkins and telephonic interviews. Usually among first few questions. Asked in different variants. Must know for intermediate and expert professionals.Among Top 10 frequently asked questions.
  Q4. What is rule regarding overriding equals and hashCode method ?Core Java
Admin
info@buggybread.com
Ans. A Class must override the hashCode method if its overriding the equals method.

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 Q5. Why is null == null returns true ?Core Java
Admin
info@buggybread.com
Ans. Any reference in java that doesn't point to any object , gets assigned null i.e is a reference to null. Two object references in java are treated equal if they point to the same memory. That's Why null == null results true.

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 Q6. What will be the output ?Integer a = 10, b =10;Integer c = 10, d = 1000;System.out.println(a == b);System.out.println(c ==d);Core Java
admin
info@buggybread.com
Ans. truefalse

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 Q7. What will the following code print ?

Integer a = 100, b =100;
Integer c = 1000, d = 1000;
System.out.println(a == b);
System.out.println(c ==d);
Core Java

Ans. false
false

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 Q8. What is wrong with the following if statement ?

if(x==y && x.equals(y) {
}
Core Java2016-07-28 13:45:21

Ans. x==y means that both references have same type and are pointing to same memory location and hence would always mean that they have same value.

x.equals(y) is not required in this case.

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   Like      Discuss      Correct / Improve     if statement  == and equals  ==  .equals   code optimization

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 Q9. What is wrong with the following if statement ?

if(x==y || x.equals(y) {
}
Core Java2016-07-28 13:48:23

Ans. if x==y turns out to be true x.equals(y) will be true too. If x.equals(y) could be true even if x==y is true or not.

So the only possible outcomes are

1 || 1 = 1
0 || 1 = 1
0 || 0 = 0

i.e the outcome of x.equals(y)

check for x==y is not required in this if statement.

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   Like      Discuss      Correct / Improve     if statement  == and equals  ==  .equals   code optimization

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 Q10. What is the difference between = and == in Java ?Core Java2016-09-02 08:12:45

Ans. = is the assignment operator that assigns the result of the expression on the right to the variable on the left, whereas

== is the operator to check object equality to see if the reference on left and right are pointing to the same object. For primitive types, its used to check if both variables holds the same value.

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   Like      Discuss      Correct / Improve     =  ==  assignment operator  object equality  difference between      Basic


 Q11. How is == operator different for objects and primitive types ? Core Java2016-09-02 08:14:44

Ans. For objects or references, == operator check if the reference on left and right points to the same object.

For primitive types or variables, == operator check if the variable on left and right holds the same value.

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   Like      Discuss      Correct / Improve     ==  object equality      Basic


 Q12. In Java, if object A contains same the same data of object B, are they equal?Core Java2017-04-23 19:11:04

Ans. it depends on the implementation of equals method of the respective class. If no definition is provided and it uses the default definition of the object class, two references are equal only if they point to the same object.

We can have such an equality defined for a particular class objects if we provide appropriate implementation of equals method comparing all those fields.

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   Like      Discuss      Correct / Improve     equals  equals method


 Q13. What will be the output of following code

Integer x = 1;
Integer y = 2;
System.out.println(x == y);

What if you change 1 to "1" and Integer to String?
Core Java2017-05-07 19:30:13

Ans. It will print "true" with integers as well as strings. The reason is "Integer constant pool" and "String pool"

String pool maintains pool of string literals. When a string literal is used for the first time, a new string object is created and is added to the pool. Upon it's subsequent usage , the reference for the same object is returned. Similarly java uses integer constant pool.

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   Like      Discuss      Correct / Improve     string pool  object equality  ==


 Q14. What is equals method in Java ?Core Java2017-05-13 12:40:23

Ans. equals is the method of Object class that is overridden by the classes to specify object equality criteria.

As every class extends Object class, the default implementation of equals is carried to them. Default implementation specified in the Object class is that two objects are treated equal if they are same.

i.e

Object x = new Object();
Object y = new Object();
x.equals(y); // false
x=y;
x.equals(y); // true

i.e x.equals(y) if only x==y

Now every class has the option to specify their object equality by overriding equals method. For example - String class has implemented in a manner if the string value contained in them is exactly same.

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 Q15. Which of the following is valid greater than and equal to operator in Java ?

>=
=>
Core Java2017-05-20 16:23:47

Ans. >=

=> will result in error.

=> somewhat looks like lambda operator "->"

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   Like      Discuss      Correct / Improve     operators  >= operator  greater than and equal to operator  comparison operators


 Q16. What will be the output of following code

class TestMain {
public static void main(String[] args) {
String s1 = "ravi";
String s2 = new String("ravi");
Integer i = 10;
Integer a1 = new Integer("10");
System.out.println(s1 == s1);
System.out.println(i == a1);
}
}
Core Java2017-07-17 08:07:19

Ans. false
false

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   Like      Discuss      Correct / Improve     object equality  ==  coding  code     XMSS


 Q17. What will be the output of following ?

String str1 = new String("String1");
String str2 = new String("String1");
System.out.print(str1 == str2);
System.out.print(str1.equals(str2));
str1 = str2;
System.out.print(str1 == str2);
Core Java
a. falsetruetrue
b. truetruetrue
c. truetruefalse
d. falsetruefalse

Ans.a. falsetruetrue

 Q18. What will be the output of following code ?

String str1 = "String1";
String str2 = "String1";
System.out.print(str1 == str2);
System.out.print(str1.equals(str2));
str1 = str2;
System.out.print(str1 == str2);
Core Java
a. falsetruetrue
b. falsefalsetrue
c. truetruetrue
d. falsefalsefalse

Ans.c. truetruetrue

 Q19. Which of the following is false ?Core Java
a. A Class cannot override both hashcode and equals method.
b. A class can override both hashcode and equals method.
c. A Class must override hashCode method if its overridding equal method.
d. A Class can override hashCode even if its not overridding equals method.

Ans.a. A Class cannot override both hashcode and equals method.

 Q20. Which of the following is true for == operator ?Core Java
a. For primitives, == checks if the variables on left and right have same data type
b. For primitives, == checks if the variables on left and right have same value
c. For Objects, == checks if the references on left and right have same data type
d. For Objects, == checks if the references on left and right have same value

Ans.b. For primitives, == checks if the variables on left and right have same value



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