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Interview Questions and Answers for 'Virtusa' - 17 question(s) found - Order By Newest

 Q1. Which of the following combination of keywords is illegal in Java ?

a. static and transient
b. transient and final
c. static and synchronized
d. abstract and final
Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. abstract and final

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     java   java keywords     Asked in 2 Companies      basic


  Q2. Explain OOPs

or

Explain OOPs Principles

or

Explain OOPs Concepts

or

Explain OOPs features

or

Tell me something about OOPs
Core Java2017-06-13 08:25:45

Ans. OOPs or Object Oriented Programming is a Programming model which is organized around Objects instead of processes. Instead of a process calling series of processes, this model stresses on communication between objects. Objects that all self sustained, provide security by encapsulating it's members and providing abstracted interfaces over the functions it performs. OOP's facilitate the following features

1. Inheritance for Code Reuse
2. Abstraction for modularity, maintenance and agility
3. Encapsulation for security and protection
4. Polymorphism for flexibility and interfacing

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     oops  oops features     Asked in 235 Companies      basic        frequent


  Q3. What is a String Pool ?Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. String pool (String intern pool) is a special storage area in Java heap. When a string is created and if the string already exists in the pool, the reference of the existing string will be returned, instead of creating a new object and returning its reference.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     java   oops   string   string class   string pool   heap memory     Asked in 30 Companies      intermediate        frequent

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Frequently asked question in companies using hibernate.
  Q4. Difference between first level and second level cache in hibernate ?Hibernate
Admin
info@buggybread.com
Ans. 1. First level cache is enabled by default whereas Second level cache needs to be enabled explicitly.

2. First level Cache came with Hibernate 1.0 whereas Second level cache came with Hibernate 3.0.

3. First level Cache is Session specific whereas Second level cache is shared by sessions that is why First level cache is considered local and second level cache is considered global.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     hibernate   orm   hibernate cache   architecture   technical lead     Asked in 18 Companies      Intermediate        frequent


Frequently asked. Favorite question in Walk in Drive of many Indian service companies.
  Q5. What are the methods of Object Class ?Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. clone() - Creates and returns a copy of this object.

equals() - Indicates whether some other object is "equal to" this one.

finalize() - Called by the garbage collector on an object when garbage collection determines that there are no more references to the object.

getClass() - Returns the runtime class of an object.

hashCode() - Returns a hash code value for the object.

toString() - Returns a string representation of the object.

notify(), notifyAll(), and wait() - Play a part in synchronizing the activities of independently running threads in a program.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     java   oops   object class     Asked in 16 Companies      basic        frequent

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Very Frequently asked. Have been asked in HCL Technologies very frequently ( based on 3 feedback ). Among first few questions in many interviews.
  Q6. Differences between abstract class and interface ?Core Java
Admin
info@buggybread.com
Ans. Abstract classes can have both abstract methods ( method declarations ) as well as concrete methods ( inherited to the derived classes ) whereas Interfaces can only have abstract methods ( method declarations ).

A class can extend single abstract class whereas it can implement multiple interfaces.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     java   classes   abstract class   interfaces     Asked in 64 Companies      basic        frequent


 Q7. Explain java.lang.OutOfMemoryError ?Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. This Error is thrown when the Java Virtual Machine cannot allocate an object because it is out of memory, and no more memory could be made available by the garbage collector.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     java   exceptions   jvm   outofmemoryerror     Asked in 1 Companies


 Q8. What is Generalization and Specialization in terms of casting ?Core Java
Admin
info@buggybread.com
Ans. Generalization or UpCasting is a phenomenon where a sub class is prompted to a super class, and hence becomes more general. Generalization needs widening or up-casting. Specialization or DownCasting is a phenomenon where a super class is narrowed down to a sub class. Specialization needs narrowing or down-casting.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     java   data types   casting  type casting   up casting  type casting   downcasting  type casting   generalization   specialization     Asked in 2 Companies


  Q9. What is reflection ?
Anonymous
Ans. It is the process of examining / modifying the behaviour of an object at runtime.

  Sample Code for reflection

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     java   reflection   reflection api   ebay   mindtree     Asked in 27 Companies      basic        frequent


Frequently asked in CTS ( Based on 2 feedback )
  Q10. What is the difference between comparable and comparator in java.util pkg?Core Java
Admin
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Ans. Comparable interface is used for single sequence sorting i.e.sorting the objects based on single data member where as comparator interface is used to sort the object based on multiple data members.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     java   java.util   comparable   comparator   collections     Asked in 23 Companies      basic        frequent


  Q11. What is the use of HashCode in objects ?Core Java
Admin
info@buggybread.com
Ans. Hashcode is used for bucketing in Hash implementations like HashMap, HashTable, HashSet etc.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     java   string   hashcode   hash code   string comparison  hashtable     Asked in 17 Companies      basic        frequent


Frequently asked in face to face interviews.
  Q12. Write a program to print fibonacci series.Core Java

Ans. int count = 15;
int[] fibonacci = new int[count];
fibonacci[0] = 0;
fibonacci[1] = 1;
for(int x=2; x < count; x++){
fibonacci[x] = fibonacci[x-1] + fibonacci[x-2];
}

for(int x=0; x< count; x++){
System.out.print(fibonacci[x] + " ");
}

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     ebay   fibonacci series     Asked in 65 Companies      basic        frequent


 Q13. Why can't we declare a class abstract as well as final ?Core Java

Ans. Abstract means that the class is only meant to be subclassed whereas final means that it cannot be subclassed so both concepts - abstract and final are actually mutually exclusive and hence not permitted together.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     abstract   final   java keywords     Asked in 1 Companies


Frequently asked in high end product companies. Frequently asked in Deloitte.
  Q14. How is Hashmap internally implemented in Java ?Core Java2016-12-06 08:49:37

Ans. https://www.quora.com/How-is-Hashmap-in-Java-implemented-internally-What-are-the-pros-and-cons-to-use-it-What-are-the-complexities-it-provides-for-insert-delete-and-lookup/answer/Anshudeep-Bajpai?srid=iwnK

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     hashmap  collections  hashmap internal implementation     Asked in 18 Companies      expert        frequent


Frequently asked in Accenture.
  Q15. What is your biggest achievement at work ?General2016-12-15 14:14:22

Ans. [Open Ended Answer]

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     general question  non technical question     Asked in 20 Companies        frequent


 Q16. Write a Program to find number of lines , words and characters in a File.Core Java2018-02-08 13:14:12

 This question was recently asked at 'Virtusa'.This question is still unanswered. Can you please provide an answer.


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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     code  coding     Asked in 1 Companies


 Q17. What is the use of load-on-startup ?Design2018-07-14 11:01:30

Ans. The load-on-startup element of web-app loads the servlet at the time of deployment or server start if value is positive. It is also known as pre initialization of servlet.You can pass positive and negative value for the servlet.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     load on startup   web application     Asked in 1 Companies




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