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Interview Questions and Answers for 'Science' - 13 question(s) found - Order By Newest

Very frequently asked. Among first few questions in almost all interviews. Among Top 5 frequently asked questions. Frequently asked in Indian service companies (HCL,TCS,Infosys,Capgemini etc based on multiple feedback )
  Q1. Difference between == and .equals() ?Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. "equals" is the method of object class which is supposed to be overridden to check object equality, whereas "==" operator evaluate to see if the object handlers on the left and right are pointing to the same object in memory.

x.equals(y) means the references x and y are holding objects that are equal. x==y means that the references x and y have same object.

Sample code:

String x = new String("str");
String y = new String("str");

System.out.println(x == y); // prints false
System.out.println(x.equals(y)); // prints true

  Sample Code for equals

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     java   string comparison   string   object class   ==    equals   object equality  operator     Asked in 289 Companies      basic        frequent

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Very Frequently asked to fresh graduates and less experienced. Favorite question in Walk in drives. Frequently asked in Indian Services companies.
  Q2. Difference between Overloading and Overriding ?Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. Overloading - Similar Signature but different definition , like function overloading.

Overriding - Overriding the Definition of base class in the derived class.

  Sample Code for overloading

  Sample Code for overriding

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     java   oops   overloading   overriding   oops concepts   basic interview question     Asked in 82 Companies      basic        frequent

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  Q3. What is Serialization ? Why do we need it ?Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. Storing the state of an object in a file or other medium is called serialization.

Classes can communicate only if they are built together ( as they need Byte code for communication ). What if we need to enable communication between different applications ( i.e they have been built independently or even they reside at different locations ), We need a mechanism that will transfer the Bean state to a Medium than can be transferred to the receiving application.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     java   oops   serialization     Asked in 18 Companies      basic        frequent

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Frequently asked. Among first few questions in the J2EE segment of interview.
  Q4. What is deployment descriptor ?

or

What is the use of deployment descriptor ?
Java EE2016-06-04 22:46:40

Ans. Deployment Descriptor which is usually web.xml is used to specify the classes, resources and configuration of the application and how the web server uses them to serve web requests.This file is usually added to WEB-INF folder and contains following

* Servlet entries and url mapping
* Plugins
* Some info regarding authentication / filters
* Landing Page
* Event Handlers

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     web.xml   servlets  deployment descriptor     Asked in 15 Companies      basic        frequent

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Very frequently asked in phone and walk in interviews.
  Q5. What are Marker Interfaces ? Name few Java marker interfaces ?Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. These are the interfaces which have no declared methods.Serializable and cloneable are marker interfaces.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     java   oops   interfaces   marker interface   serializable   clonable     Asked in 21 Companies      intermediate        frequent

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 Q6. Can we call the garbage collector explicitly ?Core Java
Admin
info@buggybread.com
Ans. Yes, We can call garbage collector directly but it doesn't guarantees that the gc will start executing immediately. This gc( ) method appears in both Runtime and System classes of java.lang package.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     java   garbage collection   java memory management   jvm   gc   yes no     Asked in 4 Companies      expert

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  Q7. What is a self Join and give an example of a self Join ?

or

What is self Join and What is it's purpose ?
Database2016-06-30 20:13:35

Ans. When a Table Join itself , it's a Self Join. For example - we like to know the pair of department names where first dept has lesser employees than the later.

Select D1.name , D2.name from Dept D1, Dept D2 where D1.employee_count < D2.employee_count

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     sql  joins  self join  self-join  Pair of employee names with first having lesser salary than later  Pair of department names where first dept has lesser employees than the later     Asked in 26 Companies      basic        frequent


 Q8. Explain Inner Classes ?Core Java
Admin
info@buggybread.com
Ans. The accessibility (public, protected, etc.) of the inner class is defined by the outer class.

Just like top-level classes, an inner class can extend a class or can implement interfaces.

Similarly, an inner class can be extended by other classes, and an inner interface can be implemented or extended by other classes or interfaces.

An inner class can be declared final or abstract.Inner classes can have inner classes, but you will have a hard time reading or understanding such complex nesting of classes.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     java   oops   classes   inner classes     Asked in 2 Companies      Basic        frequent

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Very Frequently asked. Favorite question in walkins and telephonic interviews. Usually among first few questions. Asked in different variants. Must know for intermediate and expert professionals.Among Top 10 frequently asked questions.
  Q9. What is rule regarding overriding equals and hashCode method ?Core Java
Admin
info@buggybread.com
Ans. A Class must override the hashCode method if its overriding the equals method.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     java   collections   hashcode  hash code   equals   collections     Asked in 44 Companies      intermediate        frequent

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 Q10. What is a BlockingQueue?Data Structures
admin
info@buggybread.com
Ans. BlockingQueue is a Queue that supports operations that wait for the queue to become non-empty when retrieving and removing an element, and wait for space to become available in the queue when adding an element.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     blockingqueue   collections   java   concurrent collections     Asked in 10 Companies


 Q11. With a Table employee having columns Id,Name,ManagerEmployeeId, Write a SQL to find the Manager with maximum number of employees ?Database2016-12-21 09:44:31

Ans. Select Name from EMPLOYEE where ID in (Select ManagerEmployeeId from EMPLOYEE
Group By ManagerEmployeeId
order by count(Id)
LIMIT 1)

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     database  sql     Asked in 1 Companies


 Q12. Which environment variables do we need to set in order to run Java programs?Core Java2017-01-12 10:55:08

Ans. PATH, CLASSPATH and JAVA_HOME

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     environment variables  path  classpath  java_home     Asked in 3 Companies      basic        frequent


 Q13. What is abstraction ?2017-10-13 09:23:38

Ans. Abstraction is a process of hiding the implementation details and describing only the functionality to the user.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve          Asked in 20 Companies




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