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Interview Questions and Answers for 'Ide' - 56 question(s) found - Order By Newest

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Very frequently asked. Among first few questions in almost all interviews. Among Top 5 frequently asked questions. Frequently asked in Indian service companies (HCL,TCS,Infosys,Capgemini etc based on multiple feedback )
  Q1. Difference between == and .equals() ?Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. "equals" is the method of object class which is supposed to be overridden to check object equality, whereas "==" operator evaluate to see if the object handlers on the left and right are pointing to the same object in memory.

x.equals(y) means the references x and y are holding objects that are equal. x==y means that the references x and y have same object.

Sample code:

String x = new String("str");
String y = new String("str");

System.out.println(x == y); // prints false
System.out.println(x.equals(y)); // prints true

  Sample Code for equals

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Advanced level question. Frequently asked in High end product companies. Frequently asked in Cognizant and Deloitte ( Based on 2 feedback )
  Q2. Why is String immutable in Java ?Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. 1. String Pool - When a string is created and if it exists in the pool, the reference of the existing string will be returned instead of creating a new object. If string is not immutable, changing the string with one reference will lead to the wrong value for the other references.

Example -

String str1 = "String1";
String str2 = "String1"; // It doesn't create a new String and rather reuses the string literal from pool

// Now both str1 and str2 pointing to same string object in pool, changing str1 will change it for str2 too

2. To Cache its Hashcode - If string is not immutable, One can change its hashcode and hence it's not fit to be cached.

3. Security - String is widely used as parameter for many java classes, e.g. network connection, opening files, etc. Making it mutable might possess threats due to interception by the other code segment.

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Very frequently asked in different variations. Frequently asked in Deloitte ( 2 feedback ) , HCL Tech ( 3 feedback ) and Coginizant (CTS)
  Q3. Explain the scenerios to choose between String , StringBuilder and StringBuffer ?

or

What is the difference between String , StringBuilder and StringBuffer ?
Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. If the Object value will not change, use String Class because a String object is immutable.

If the Object value can change and will only be modified from a single thread, use StringBuilder because StringBuilder is unsynchronized(means faster).

If the Object value may change, and can be modified by multiple threads, use a StringBuffer because StringBuffer is thread safe(synchronized).

  Sample Code for String

  Sample Code for StringBuffer

  Sample Code for StringBuilder

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 Q4. What are different ways to create String Object? Explain.Core Java
Admin
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Ans. There are total six ways

1. literals

When we create a String using double quotes, JVM looks in the String pool to find if any other String is stored with same value. If found, it just returns the reference to that String object else it creates a new String object with given value and stores it in the String pool.

2. new keyword

When we use new operator, JVM creates the String object but dont store it into the String Pool. We can use intern() method to store the String object into String pool or return the reference if there is already a String with equal value present in the pool.

3. string buffer
4. string builder
5. System.out.println
6. char to string




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Very frequently asked. Favorite question in Walk in Drive of many Indian service companies. Frequently asked in HCL Technologies, TCS and Accenture.
  Q5. What is the difference between final, finally and finalize() ?Core Java
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Ans. final - constant variable, objects cannot be de-referenced, restricting method overriding, restricting class sub classing.

finally - handles exception. The finally block is optional and provides a mechanism to clean up regardless of what happens within the try block. Use the finally block to close files or to release other system resources like database connections, statements etc.

finalize() - method helps in garbage collection. A method that is invoked before an object is discarded by the garbage collector, allowing it to clean up its state.

  Sample Code for final

  Sample Code for finally

  Sample Code for finalize

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  Q6. Explain OOPs

or

Explain OOPs Principles

or

Explain OOPs Concepts

or

Explain OOPs features

or

Tell me something about OOPs
Core Java2017-06-13 08:25:45

Ans. OOPs or Object Oriented Programming is a Programming model which is organized around Objects instead of processes. Instead of a process calling series of processes, this model stresses on communication between objects. Objects that all self sustained, provide security by encapsulating it's members and providing abstracted interfaces over the functions it performs. OOP's facilitate the following features

1. Inheritance for Code Reuse
2. Abstraction for modularity, maintenance and agility
3. Encapsulation for security and protection
4. Polymorphism for flexibility and interfacing

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Recently asked in TCS , Tech Mahindra, HCL , Accenture and Fidelity.
  Q7. Explain Flow of Spring MVC ?Spring
Admin
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Ans. The DispatcherServlet configured in web.xml file receives the request.

The DispatcherServlet finds the appropriate Controller with the help of HandlerMapping and then invokes associated Controller.

Then the Controller executes the logic business logic and then returns ModeAndView object to the DispatcherServlet.

The DispatcherServlet determines the view from the ModelAndView object.

Then the DispatcherServlet passes the model object to the View.

The View is rendered and the Dispatcher Servlet sends the output to the Servlet container.

Finally Servlet Container sends the result back to the user.

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Basic and Very Frequently asked.
  Q8. What is Polymorphism in Java ?Core Java2016-11-06 09:10:54

Ans. Polymorphism means the condition of occurring in several different forms.

Polymorphism in Java is achieved in two manners

1. Static polymorphism is the polymorphic resolution identified at compile time and is achieved through function overloading whereas

2. Dynamic polymorphism is the polymorphic resolution identified at runtime and is achieved through method overriding.

  Sample Code for overloading

  Sample Code for overriding

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  Q9. What is a String Pool ?Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. String pool (String intern pool) is a special storage area in Java heap. When a string is created and if the string already exists in the pool, the reference of the existing string will be returned, instead of creating a new object and returning its reference.

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Very Frequently asked. Have been asked in HCL Technologies very frequently ( based on 3 feedback ). Among first few questions in many interviews.
  Q10. Differences between abstract class and interface ?Core Java
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Ans. Abstract classes can have both abstract methods ( method declarations ) as well as concrete methods ( inherited to the derived classes ) whereas Interfaces can only have abstract methods ( method declarations ).

A class can extend single abstract class whereas it can implement multiple interfaces.

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Very Frequently asked to fresh graduates and less experienced. Favorite question in Walk in drives. Frequently asked in Indian Services companies.
  Q11. Difference between Overloading and Overriding ?Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. Overloading - Similar Signature but different definition , like function overloading.

Overriding - Overriding the Definition of base class in the derived class.

  Sample Code for overloading

  Sample Code for overriding

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  Q12. Difference between Vector and ArrayList ?Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. Vectors are synchronized whereas Array lists are not.

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Frequently asked to fresh graduates.
  Q13. What is a Deadlock ?Operating System
Anonymous
Ans. When two threads are waiting each other and cant precede the program is said to be deadlock.

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Very frequently asked.Usually among first few questions.
  Q14. What is MVC ? Design
Anonymous
Ans. MVC is a Design Pattern that facilititates loose coupling by segregating responsibilities in a Web application

1. Controller receives the requests and handles overall control of the request
2. Model holds majority of the Business logic, and
3. View comprise of the view objects and GUI component

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 Q15. What is HTTP ?Java EE
Anonymous
Ans. HTTP or Hypertext Transfer Protocol is internet protocol for tranmission of hypertext ( text with meta data ) over internet.

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Very frequently asked. Usually asked with questions related to String.
  Q16. What is an Immutable Object ?Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. Object that can't be changed after instantiation.

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 Q17. What bean scopes does Spring support? Explain them.Spring
Admin
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Ans. The Spring Framework supports following five scopes -

Singleton
prototype
request
session
global-session

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Very frequently asked in HCL Tech ( Based of 4 inputs )
  Q18. Write a program to reverse a string iteratively and recursively ?Core Java
Admin
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Ans. Using String method -

new StringBuffer(str).reverse().toString();

Iterative -

public static String getReverseString(String str){
StringBuffer strBuffer = new StringBuffer(str.length);
for(int counter=str.length -1 ; counter>=0;counter--){
strBuffer.append(str.charAt(counter));
}
return strBuffer;
}

Recursive -

public static String getReverseString(String str){
if(str.length <= 1){
return str;
}
return (getReverseString(str.subString(1)) + str.charAt(0);
}

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 Q19. What is IDE ? List few Java IDE ?Tool
Admin
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Ans. IDE stands of Integrated Development Environment. Few Java IDE's are WSAD ( Websphhere Application Developer ) , RAD ( Rational Application Developer ) , Eclipse and Netbeans.

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 Q20. What are the different types of inheritance in Hibernate ?Hibernate
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Ans. Table Per Class , Table per Sub Class , Table per Concrete Class

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Very frequently asked Hibernate interview question. Frequently asked in TCS ( based on 2 feedback )
  Q21. What are different types of associations in Hibernate ?Hibernate
Admin
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Ans. There are 4 types of associations in Hibernate

One to One
One to Many
Many to One
Many to Many

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Very frequently asked. Usually followed by questions related to private constructor and synchronized access. Frequently asked in JPMorgan and TCS (Based on 2 feedback)
  Q22. Explain Singleton Design Pattern ?Design
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Ans. http://www.buggybread.com/2014/03/java-design-pattern-singleton-interview.html

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 Q23. Difference between Stack and Heap memory ?Core Java
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Ans. Stack memory areas is used to hold method and local variables while objects are always allocated memory in the heap. The heap memory is shared between multiple threads whereas Stack memory isn't.

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  Q24. Explain the challenging problems you faced recently and how you overcame it ?General

Ans. [Open Ended Answer]

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 Q25. What was the driving force to introduce default methods in Interfaces wef from Java 8 ?Core Java2016-07-14 14:36:49

Ans. Earlier any class implementing an interface was supposed to implement all methods declared in an interface. There was no place for optionally implementing all or subset of methods.Though we have abstract classes wherein we could have provided such a mechanism by declaring some methods as abstract while providing definition for some. But as Abstract classes have a body and are comparatively heavier than interfaces and interfaces associate closely to the concept of providing interfacing than abstract classes, Java might have though of providing optional implementation for default methods. This way same interface can be reused in variety of ways rather than making copies of an interface to suit different needs.

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 Q26. What are design situations to use Singleton and Prototype Design Pattern ?Design2016-07-28 20:28:43

Ans. Both are creational design patterns.

Singleton is used when we would like to reuse an object if object is not supposed to hold request or thread specific information. Inversely Prototype is used in situations where we would like to reuse the object information but the request / thread may require it own data to be persisted.

In short, Singleton is used in situations where we can live with single object being shared across multiple requests or threads whereas Prototype is used when we need duplicate copies of objects.

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 Q27. What is IdentityHashMap ?Core Java2016-08-04 14:34:21

Ans. IdentityHashMap is a class that implements AbstractMap and provides a data structure with Elements having Key Value pair, just like HashMap. It is similar to HashMap except that it uses reference equality when comparing elements.

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 Q28. Is it a valid identifier in Java ?

int 123Abc = 5;
Core Java2016-10-25 09:10:02

Ans. No, identifier in java cannot start with a numeral.

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Very Frequently asked to Senior Software Engineers or Developers.
  Q29. Describe some of the Design Patterns you have used ?Design2016-12-01 16:31:17

Ans. [Open Ended Answer]

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 Q30. What is the difference between ServletConfig and ServletContext ?Java EE2017-01-03 09:51:14

Ans. http://www.java4s.com/java-servlet-tutorials/difference-between-servletconfig-and-servletcontext-in-java/

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 Q31. What is a factory design pattern ?Design2017-01-09 13:21:43

Ans. Factory Design Patterns is the pattern that recommends creation of separate Factory Object for creation of other object.

So its like saying - If you want to create an object of ClassA, Talk to FactoryObject ( which is an object of FactoryClass ). FactoryObject in itself encapsulates the inputs and logic required to make the decision regarding the creation and construction of object.

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 Q32. What is Spring Security ?Spring2017-01-10 09:13:58

Ans. Spring Security is a powerful and highly customizable authentication and access control framework. It is the de facto standard for securing Spring-based applications.

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 Q33. Is there any relationship between Web.xml and Spring.xml ?Spring2017-01-11 09:13:48

Ans. No, there is no relationship between web.xml and spring.xml but you have to configure spring.xml in web.xml in order initialize beans when application starts up

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  Q34. What is the difference between authentication and authorization ?Authentication2017-01-23 12:56:23

Ans. Authentication is the process of verifying the identity and credentials of the user to authenticate him into the system.

whereas

Authorization is the process by which access to a segment , method or resource is determined.

Authorization is usually a step next to authentication.

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 Q35. Where do you see yourself in next 5 years? General2017-02-14 10:34:55

Ans. Sample Answers -

Getting better with upcoming technologies and be a Lead developer.

In accordance with the company, working as a permenant employee.

Be an associate architect.


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 Q36. Which are the most commonly used Design Patterns ?Design2017-03-10 10:42:50

Ans. Builder ( While Writing Unit Tests )
Prototype ( Cloning )
Adapter ( asList , toString )
Chain Of Responsibility ( Logging )
Singleton
Factory ( Action Mapping )
Proxy
Observer ( Event Listener )
MVC ( Web frameworks )
Filter ( Criteria )

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 Q37. Is it a good practice to override static methods ?Design2017-03-10 10:58:02

Ans. Though it's useful but it's not as useful as overriding member or object methods. We cannot achieve polymorphic behavior with static methods by overriding their definition in derived class.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     override static methods


 Q38. Is synchronized a keyword , modifier, identifier? what is it ?Core Java2017-04-26 19:48:55

Ans. synchronized is a keyword and a modifier. The synchronized keyword is used to indicate that a method can be accessed exclusively by one thread at a time.

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 Q39. What is a difference between Identifier and keyword ?Core Java2017-04-26 20:01:21

Ans. Keyword is a reserved word that has a pre defined meaning for the compiler and hence cannot be used as an identifier, for example - final, private , for etc.

Identifier is the name given by the programmer to a programming construct, for example - class and method names etc.

java Keywords cannot be used as an identifier in java.

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 Q40. Can we use java keywords as identifiers ?Core Java2017-04-26 20:02:06

Ans. No, keyword has pre defined meaning for compiler and hence cannot be used as identifiers.

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