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Java EE - Interview Questions and Answers for 'J2ee' - 46 question(s) found - Order By Newest

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Recently asked in TCS , Tech Mahindra, HCL , Accenture and Fidelity.
  Q1. Explain Flow of Spring MVC ?Spring
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Ans. The DispatcherServlet configured in web.xml file receives the request.

The DispatcherServlet finds the appropriate Controller with the help of HandlerMapping and then invokes associated Controller.

Then the Controller executes the logic business logic and then returns ModeAndView object to the DispatcherServlet.

The DispatcherServlet determines the view from the ModelAndView object.

Then the DispatcherServlet passes the model object to the View.

The View is rendered and the Dispatcher Servlet sends the output to the Servlet container.

Finally Servlet Container sends the result back to the user.

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 Q2. What is session tracking and how do you track a user session in servlets?Java EE
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Ans. Session tracking is a mechanism that servlets use to maintain state about a series requests from the same user across some period of time. The methods used for session tracking are:

User Authentication - occurs when a web server restricts access to some of its resources to only those clients that log in using a recognized username and password

Hidden form fields - fields are added to an HTML form that are not displayed in the client's browser. When the form containing the fields is submitted, the fields are sent back to the server

URL rewriting - every URL that the user clicks on is dynamically modified or rewritten to include extra information. The extra information can be in the form of extra path information, added parameters or some custom, server-specific URL change.

Cookies - a bit of information that is sent by a web server to a browser and which can later be read back from that browser.

HttpSession- places a limit on the number of sessions that can exist in memory.

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Very frequently asked in companies using SOA.
  Q3. What are RESTful Web Services ?Rest
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Ans. REST or Representational State Transfer is a flexible architecture style for creating web services that recommends the following guidelines -

1. http for client server communication,
2. XML / JSON as formatiing language ,
3. Simple URI as address for the services and,
4. stateless communication.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     java   web services   rest   java   j2ee  architecture     Asked in 14 Companies      intermediate        frequent


Very frequently asked.Usually among first few questions.
  Q4. What is MVC ? Design
Anonymous
Ans. MVC is a Design Pattern that facilititates loose coupling by segregating responsibilities in a Web application

1. Controller receives the requests and handles overall control of the request
2. Model holds majority of the Business logic, and
3. View comprise of the view objects and GUI component

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 Q5. What is an API ( Application Programming Interface ) ?
Anonymous
Ans. An API is a kind of technical contract which defines functionality that two parties must provide: a service provider (often called an implementation) and an application. an API simply defines services that a service provider (i.e., the implementation) makes available to applications.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     j2ee   api   java      basic        frequent


 Q6. What is URL?
Java EE
Anonymous
Ans. URL is Uniform Resource Locator which is representation of HTTP address.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     j2ee   http   internet   url      basic        rare


 Q7. What is HTTP ?Java EE
Anonymous
Ans. HTTP or Hypertext Transfer Protocol is internet protocol for tranmission of hypertext ( text with meta data ) over internet.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     j2ee   http   internet  fidelity     Asked in 2 Companies      basic        frequent


 Q8. Is tomcat an application or Web server ?Server
Anonymous
Ans. Tomcat is a web server and a Servlet container. It is often used as an application server for web-based applications but does not include the complete suite of capabilities that a Java EE application server would supply.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     tomcat   j2ee   web server   application server   build management


 Q9. Is Apache an application or Web server ?
Anonymous
Ans. Web server.

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 Q10. What is meant by an "asynchronous event." Give some examples ?Operating System
Anonymous
Ans. An asynchronous event is one that occurs at an unpredictable time outside the control of the program that the CPU is running. It is not "synchronized" with the program.

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 Q11. Can we have multiple servlets in a web application and How can we do that ?Java EE
Anonymous
Ans. Yes by making entries in web.xml

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 Q12. How can we manage Error Messages in the web application ?Solution
Anonymous
Ans. Within message.properties file.

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 Q13. Why Struts 1 Classes are not Thread Safe whereas Struts 2 classes are thread safe ?
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Ans. Struts 1 actions are singleton. So all threads operates on the single action object and hence makes it thread unsafe.

Struts 2 actions are not singleton and a new action object copy is created each time a new action request is made and hence its thread safe.

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 Q14. What are the components of J2EE ?
Admin
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Ans. applets
Client component like Client side Java codes.
Web component like JSP, Servlet WAR
Enterprise JavaBeans like Session beans, Entity beans, Message driven beans
Enterprise application like WAR, JAR, EAR

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     java   j2ee   j2ee components


 Q15. What bean scopes does Spring support? Explain them.Spring
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Ans. The Spring Framework supports following five scopes -

Singleton
prototype
request
session
global-session

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 Q16. Difference between socket and servlet ?Java EE
Admin
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Ans. servlet is a small, server-resident program that typically runs automatically in response to user input.
A network socket is an endpoint of an inter-process communication flow across a computer network.

We can think of it as a difference between door and gate. They are similar as they both are entry points but they are different as they are put up at different areas.

Sockets are for low-level network communication whereas Servlets are for implementing websites and web services

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     java   j2ee   networking   servlet   socket   difference between.java.net   technologies   architecture


 Q17. What are different types of cookies ?Java EE
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Ans. Session cookies , which are deleted once the session is over.

Permanent cookies , which stays at client PC even if the session is disconnected.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     j2ee   servlets   session   session management   web applications   cookies   httpsession


  Q18. What is a cookie ?Java EE
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Ans. A cookie is a small piece of text stored on a user's computer by the browser for a specific domain. Commonly used for authentication, storing site preferences, and server session identification.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     cookie   javascript   web application   session management   browser   j2ee     Asked in 16 Companies      basic        frequent


 Q19. Explain JMS ( Java Messaging Services ) ?JMS
Anonymous
Ans. JMS Provides high-performance asynchronous messaging. It enables Java EE applications to communicate with non-Java systems on top of various transports.

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 Q20. Explain EJB (Enterprise Java Beans) ?
Anonymous
Ans. EJB Provides a mechanism that make easy for Java developers to use advanced features in their components, such as remote method invocation (RMI), object/ relational mapping (that is, saving Java objects to a relational database), and distributed transactions across multiple data sources.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     ejb   java   j2ee


 Q21. Which MVC is struts2 based on ?
Anonymous
Ans. MVC2

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     struts2   struts   mvc2   j2ee


 Q22. Explain features of struts2 ?
Anonymous
Ans. 1) It is an Action based MVC based framework which has adopt mvc2.

2) Struts2 is a pull-MVC (or MVC2) framework where action takes the role of the model rather than the controller. The “pull” concepts means views ability to pull data from an action, rather than having a separate model object available.

3) The Model View-Controller pattern in Struts2 is implemented with five core components – actions, interceptors, value stack / OGNL, result types and results / view technologies.

4) XML configuration as well as Annotation option available.

5) POJO based action available so we can write test cases easily.

6) Integration with Spring, tiles and OGNL based expression langugae.

7) Theme based tag libraries integrated with struts tag as well as support of Ajax tag.

8) Can have various view options like jsp, velocity, freemarker etc.

9) We can embed plugin through which we can modify and extend framework features.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     struts2   struts   j2ee


 Q23. what is content negotiation?
Anonymous
Ans. Suppose we want to visit a site for any information, information can be represented in different languages like English,German or may be other and their format for presentation can also differ from HTML to PDF or may be Plain text. In this case when an client makes an HTTP request to a server, client can also specify the media types here. Client can specify what it can accept back from host and on the basis of availability the host will return to the client. This is called content negotiation because client and server negotiated on the language and format of the content to be shared.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     j2ee   internet   content negotiation   http   architecture


 Q24. What is a config Object?
Java EE
Anonymous
Ans. The config object is an instantiation of javax.servlet.ServletConfig and is a direct wrapper around the ServletConfig object for the generated servlet. This object allows the JSP programmer access to the Servlet or JSP engine initialization parameters such as the paths or file location.

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 Q25. What is a pageContext Object?
Java EE
Anonymous
Ans. The pageContext object is an instance of a javax.servlet.jsp.PageContext object. The pageContext object is used to represent the entire JSP page. This object stores references to the request and response objects for each request. The application, config, session, and out objects are derived by accessing attributes of this object.The pageContext object also contains information about the directives issued to the JSP page, including the buffering information, the errorPageURL, and page scope.

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 Q26. What is J2EE? What are J2EE components and services?
Admin
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Ans. J2EE or Java 2 Enterprise Edition is an environment for developing and deploying enterprise applications. The J2EE platform consists of J2EE components, services, Application Programming Interfaces (APIs) and protocols that provide the functionality for developing multi-tiered and distributed Web based applications.

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 Q27. What are LDAP servers used for ?Java EE
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Ans. LDAP servers are typically used in J2EE applications to authenticate and authorise users. LDAP servers are hierarchical and are optimized for read access, so likely to be faster than database in providing read access.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     java   j2ee   ldap   servers   authentication   authorization   architecture   technical lead   technical architect  production support


 Q28. What are different modules of spring ?
Spring
Admin
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Ans. There are seven core modules in spring

Spring MVC
The Core container
O/R mapping
DAO
Application context
Aspect Oriented Programming or AOP
Web module

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 Q29. What is Spring configuration file?Spring
Anonymous
Ans. Spring configuration file is an XML file. This file contains the classes information and describes how these classes are configured and introduced to each other.

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 Q30. Q: What is default scope of bean in Spring framework?Spring
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Ans. The default scope of bean is Singleton.

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