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Core Java - Interview Questions and Answers for 'Objects' - 63 question(s) found - Order By Newest

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Very frequently asked. Among first few questions in almost all interviews. Among Top 5 frequently asked questions. Frequently asked in Indian service companies (HCL,TCS,Infosys,Capgemini etc based on multiple feedback )
  Q1. Difference between == and .equals() ?Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. "equals" is the method of object class which is supposed to be overridden to check object equality, whereas "==" operator evaluate to see if the object handlers on the left and right are pointing to the same object in memory.

x.equals(y) means the references x and y are holding objects that are equal. x==y means that the references x and y have same object.

Sample code:

String x = new String("str");
String y = new String("str");

System.out.println(x == y); // prints false
System.out.println(x.equals(y)); // prints true

  Sample Code for equals

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 Q2. Why do we need Inner classes ? Cant we just work with outer classes wherever we implement Inner classes ?Core Java
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Ans. Yes, we can substitute outer classes wherever we need to have inner classes but Inner classes have advantage in certain cases and hence preferred -

Ease - Why to implement a class outside if its objects are only intended to be part of an outer object. Its easy to define the class within another class if the use is only local.

Protection - Making a call an outer exposes a threat of it being used by any of the class. Why should it be made an outer class if its object should only occur as part of other objects.

For example - You may like to have an class address whose object should have a reference to city and by design thats the only use of city you have in your application. Making Address and City as outer class exposes City to any of the Class. Making it an inner class of Address will make sure that its accessed using object of Address.

  Sample Code for inner class

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Frequently asked in Infosys and HCL Technologies ( Based on 2 feedback )
 Q3. What are different ways of object creation in Java ?Core Java
Admin
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Ans. Using new operator - new xyzClass()

Using factory methods - xyzFactory.getInstance( )

Using newInstance( ) method - (Class.forName(xyzClass))emp.newInstance( )

By cloning an already available object - (xyzClass)obj1.clone( )

  Sample Code for object initialization using clone

  Sample Code for object initialization using getInstance

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 Q4. What are the common uses of "this" keyword in java ?Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. "this" keyword is a reference to the current object and can be used for following -

1. Passing itself to another method.

2. Referring to the instance variable when local variable has the same name.

3. Calling another constructor in constructor chaining.

  Sample Code for this keyword

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 Q5. Describe what happens when an object is created in Java ?Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. 1. Memory is allocated from heap to hold all instance variables and implementation-specific data of the object and its superclasses. Implemenation-specific data includes pointers to class and method data.
2. The instance variables of the objects are initialized to their default values.
3. The constructor for the most derived class is invoked. The first thing a constructor does is call the constructor for its superclasses. This process continues until the constructor for java.lang.Object is called,as java.lang.Object is the base class for all objects in java.
4. Before the body of the constructor is executed, all instance variable initializers and initialization blocks are executed. Then the body of the constructor is executed. Thus, the constructor for the base class completes first and constructor for the most derived class completes last.

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 Q6. What will this code print ?

String a = new String ("TEST");
String b = new String ("TEST");
if(a == b) {
System.out.println ("TRUE");
} else {
System.out.println ("FALSE");
}
Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. FALSE. == operator compares object references, a and b are references to two different objects, hence the FALSE. .equals method is used to compare string object content.

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Frequently asked. Favorite question in Walk in Drive of many Indian service companies.
  Q7. What are the methods of Object Class ?Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. clone() - Creates and returns a copy of this object.

equals() - Indicates whether some other object is "equal to" this one.

finalize() - Called by the garbage collector on an object when garbage collection determines that there are no more references to the object.

getClass() - Returns the runtime class of an object.

hashCode() - Returns a hash code value for the object.

toString() - Returns a string representation of the object.

notify(), notifyAll(), and wait() - Play a part in synchronizing the activities of independently running threads in a program.

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 Q8. Does Constructor creates the object ?Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. New operator in Java creates objects. Constructor is the later step in object creation. Constructor's job is to initialize the members after the object has reserved memory for itself.

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 Q9. Which String class does not override the equals() and hashCode() methods, inheriting them directly from class Object?Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. java.lang.StringBuffer.

  Sample Code for StringBuffer

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 Q10. There are two objects a and b with same hashcode. I am inserting these two objects inside a hashmap.

hMap.put(a,a);
hMap.put(b,b);

where a.hashCode()==b.hashCode()

Now tell me how many objects will be there inside the hashmap?
Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. There can be two different elements with the same hashcode. When two elements have the same hashcode then Java uses the equals to further differentation. So there can be one or two objects depending on the content of the objects.

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   Like      Discuss      Correct / Improve     java   hashcode   map   hashmap   object reference   advanced     Synechron


 Q11. What one should take care of, while serializing the object?
Anonymous
Ans. One should make sure that all the included objects are also serializable. If any of the objects is not serializable then it throws a NotSerializable Exception.

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   Like      Discuss      Correct / Improve     serialization   java   oops   object      expert


 Q12. Difference between object instantiation and construction ?Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. Though It's often confused with each other, Object Creation ( Instantiation ) and Initialization ( Construction ) are different things in Java. Construction follows object creation.

Object Creation is the process to create the object in memory and returning its handler. Java provides New keyword for object creation.

Initialization is the process of setting the initial / default values to the members. Constructor is used for this purpose. If we don't provide any constructor, Java provides one default implementation to set the default values according to the member data types.

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 Q13. Difference Between this() and super() ?
Core Java
Admin
info@buggybread.com
Ans. 1.this is a reference to the current object in which this keyword is used whereas super is a reference used to access members specific to the parent Class.

2.this is primarily used for accessing member variables if local variables have same name, for constructor chaining and for passing itself to some method whereas super is primarily used to initialize base class members within derived class constructor.

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 Q14. Why Java is not considered pure OOP's language ?Core Java

Ans. There are 2 reasons for it.

1. Usage of Primitive types - Though Java provides classes for the primitive data types but as the usage of primitives is permissible, its considered unpure OOP's language.

2. Usage of Static members - Static members belong to the class and not objects and hence not considered fit for pure OOP's programming.

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 Q15. What is the use of Object class ?Core Java2017-09-02 15:30:43

Ans. 1. Default definition for some of the methods , like equals, hashcode etc that gets carried to all objects even if you don't define anything. But that default definition is kind of like assigning 0 to integer, it just provide a safe state , nothing much for comparison.

2. Places where you have no idea about what object you may receive and just want to perform out of 8 basic methods of object class, something like printing their string representation ( defined by their toString method ), or equality ( using their equals method )

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 Q16. Does Declaring an object "final" makes it immutable ?Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. Only declaring variables as final makes them immutable. Making objects final means that the object handler cannot be used to target some other object but the object is still mutable.

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 Q17. Difference between new operator and Class.forName().newInstance() ?
Admin
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Ans. new operator is used to statically create an instance of object. newInstance() is used to create an object dynamically ( like if the class name needs to be picked from configuration file ). If you know what class needs to be initialized , new is the optimized way of instantiating Class.

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 Q18. If everything is an object , Cant we declare every object as

Object obj = new String();
Core Java2016-12-02 14:45:05

Ans. Yes, we can do that. Compiler wont complain. But using object reference we can only access methods which have been defined for object class i.e clone(), equals(), hashCode(), toString() etc.

We cannot access methods defined in String class or in any class in hierarchy between String and Object.

For example - we cannot do obj.append("abc") as it will now give compile time error.

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 Q19. Difference between Class#getInstance() and new operator ?
Admin
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Ans. Class.getInstance doesn't call the constructor whereas if we create an object using new operator , we need to have a matching constructor or copiler should provide a default constructor.

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 Q20. What is an Object ?Core Java
Admin
info@buggybread.com
Ans. Object is a run time entity whose state is stored in fields and behavior is shown via methods. Methods operate on an object's internal state and serve as the primary mechanism for object-to-object communication.

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 Q21. Variable of the boolean type is automatically initialized as?Core Java
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Ans. The default value of the boolean type is false.

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 Q22. In a case where there are no instance variables what does the default constructor initialize?Core Java
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Ans. Java expects the superclass ( Object Class ) constructor to be called while creation of any object. So super constructor is called in case there are no instance variables to initialize.

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 Q23. Will this code compile fine ?

ObjectOutputStream objectOutputStream = new ObjectOutputStream(new FileOutputStream(new File("newFile.txt")));
Core Java
Admin
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Ans. Yes.

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 Q24. Can we declare Entity class as final ?Hibernate
Admin
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Ans. Yes but as Hibernate creates the Proxy Classes inherited from the Entity Classes to communicate with Database for lazy initialization. Declaring entity classes as final will prohibit communication with database lazily and hence will be a performance hit.

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 Q25. What are stateless objects ? How are they different from immutable objects ? Which of these two is thread safe ?Object Oriented Programming
Admin
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Ans. Stateless objects are the objects without instance fields (instance variables). The class may have compile time constants i.e static final fields.Immutable objects are the objects which have state but the state cannot be changed after initialization. Both are Thread safe.

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 Q26. What are advantages of stateless and / or immutable objects ?Object Oriented Programming
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Ans. They can be shared across multiple threads as they are thread safe.

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 Q27. What will be the output ?Integer a = 10, b =10;Integer c = 10, d = 1000;System.out.println(a == b);System.out.println(c ==d);Core Java
admin
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Ans. truefalse

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 Q28. Which of the following do you think is the primary reason you would never use a static class even the application doesn't need multiple requests or threads ?

a. Serialization
b. Runtime Polymorphism
c. Lazy Loading
d. Memory
Anonymous
Ans. Runtime Polymorphism

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 Q29. What will the following code print ?

Integer a = 100, b =100;
Integer c = 1000, d = 1000;
System.out.println(a == b);
System.out.println(c ==d);
Core Java

Ans. false
false

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 Q30. Can a lock be acquired on a class? How is it different than the object level lock ?

Ans. Yes, a lock can be acquired on the class. Class level lock is applicable on the whole class and hence on all objects of the class whereas the object level lock is applicable on the respective object.

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 Q31. What is DTO ?2016-06-16 08:30:10

Ans. DTO is Data Transfer Object i.e Pojo which is supposed to move between different layers of software architecture for transferring information. Example could be the object passed from client in case of web service call or the object passed to Persister for Database Persistence.

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 Q32. What is DAO ?2016-06-16 08:31:35

Ans. DAO is Data Access Object which is used within Persistence Layer to make Database Transaction. For example , the class holding the Database connection and CRUD methods.

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 Q33. What is POJO ?2016-06-16 08:33:49

Ans. POJO is Plain Java Object that holds only Member Elements , getters are setters and minimal processing on that. The primary purpose of such object is to either transfer information or keeping state for a while. They are not intended to provide any processing or transformation.

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 Q34. What are VO ?2016-06-16 08:34:25

Ans. VO or Value objects are the objects that are supposed to hold some value. For Example , Integer, Float , Money etc.

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 Q35. Why do we use a copy constructor ?2016-07-21 08:28:52

Ans. Copy Constructor is used for creating a duplicate of another object. Duplicate object will have the same state of the copied object but will have independent values in different memory locations. Copy Constructor can be useful to create duplicates of immutable objects as the Original cannot be tampered. Moreover It can be useful if base copies are required for individual requests in threading.

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 Q36. Does it make sense to clone an object which is supposed to be immutable ?Design2016-07-28 20:54:59

Ans. It make sense only if we intend to modify either of the object and would like to preserve original state in other. Otherwise we can reuse the original object by making it singleton.

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 Q37. What is the difference between = and == in Java ?Core Java2016-09-02 08:12:45

Ans. = is the assignment operator that assigns the result of the expression on the right to the variable on the left, whereas

== is the operator to check object equality to see if the reference on left and right are pointing to the same object. For primitive types, its used to check if both variables holds the same value.

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 Q38. How is == operator different for objects and primitive types ? Core Java2016-09-02 08:14:44

Ans. For objects or references, == operator check if the reference on left and right points to the same object.

For primitive types or variables, == operator check if the variable on left and right holds the same value.

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 Q39. What is the default value of a declared object reference ?Core Java2017-01-12 11:05:03

Ans. Null

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 Q40. Is there a way to know size of an object in Java ?Core Java2017-01-12 11:14:59

Ans. No, Java doesn't have a sizeOf operator. In C / C++ , its required to determine how much memory allocation is required which is not the case with Java. Java handles memory allocation and deallocation intrinsically.

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