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Core java - Interview Questions and Answers for 'Bank of america' - 5 question(s) found - Order By Newest

Very frequently asked. Among first few questions in almost all interviews. Among Top 5 frequently asked questions. Frequently asked in Indian service companies (HCL,TCS,Infosys,Capgemini etc based on multiple feedback )
  Q1. Difference between == and .equals() ?Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. "equals" is the method of object class which is supposed to be overridden to check object equality, whereas "==" operator evaluate to see if the object handlers on the left and right are pointing to the same object in memory.

x.equals(y) means the references x and y are holding objects that are equal. x==y means that the references x and y have same object.

Sample code:

String x = new String("str");
String y = new String("str");

System.out.println(x == y); // prints false
System.out.println(x.equals(y)); // prints true

  Sample Code for equals

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     java   string comparison   string   object class   ==    equals   object equality  operator     Asked in 289 Companies      basic        frequent

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Very frequently asked. Favorite question in Walk in Drive of many Indian service companies. Frequently asked in HCL Technologies, TCS and Accenture.
  Q2. What is the difference between final, finally and finalize() ?Core Java
Admin
info@buggybread.com
Ans. final - constant variable, objects cannot be de-referenced, restricting method overriding, restricting class sub classing.

finally - handles exception. The finally block is optional and provides a mechanism to clean up regardless of what happens within the try block. Use the finally block to close files or to release other system resources like database connections, statements etc.

finalize() - method helps in garbage collection. A method that is invoked before an object is discarded by the garbage collector, allowing it to clean up its state.

  Sample Code for final

  Sample Code for finally

  Sample Code for finalize

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     java   oops   final   finally   finalize     Asked in 60 Companies      basic        frequent

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Advanced level question usually asked in High end product companies. Have been asked in Google and Amazon (Based on 1 Feedback)
  Q3. Describe, in general, how java's garbage collector works ?Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. The Java runtime environment deletes objects when it determines that they are no longer being used. This process is known as garbage collection. The Java runtime environment supports a garbage collector that periodically frees the memory used by objects that are no longer needed. The Java garbage collector is a mark-sweep garbage collector that scans Java dynamic memory areas for objects, marking those that are referenced. After all possible paths to objects are investigated, those objects that are not marked (i.e. are not referenced) are known to be garbage and are collected.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     java   garbage collection   java memory management   advanced     Asked in 21 Companies      intermediate        frequent

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 Q4. How to make sure that only one instance is created in Singleton Pattern ?Core Java2016-12-21 10:00:04

Ans. By Using Double Checked Locking code

//Double Checked Locking Code
public static Singleton createInstance() {
if(singleton == null){
synchronized(Singleton.class) {
if(singleton == null) {
singleton = new Singleton();
}
}
}
return singleton;
}

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     singleton  design pattern     Asked in 2 Companies


 Q5. What will be the output of following code ?

Base Interface

public interface BaseInterface {
   int i = 4;
}

Derived Interfaces

public interface DerivedInterface1 extends BaseInterface{
   int i = 5;
}

public interface DerivedInterface2 extends BaseInterface{
   int i=6;
}

Implementing Class

public class Class implements DerivedInterface1,DerivedInterface2 {
   public static void main(String[] args){
      System.out.println(BaseInterface.i);
   }
}

What will be the output upon executing main and Why ?
Core Java2017-01-26 13:42:29

Ans. It will print 4 because member elements of an interface are implicitly static and hence the concept of overriding doesn't work.


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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     interfaces  coding  code  extending interfaces  diamond interfaces     Asked in 1 Companies      intermediate




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Bank Of America: Since fields are public static final in ... Anonymous

Bank Of America: what value will be printed if A ... Anonymous

Bank Of America: (Diamond problem for a variable) interface A ... Anonymous