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Core java - Interview Questions and Answers for 'Barclays' - 5 question(s) found - Order By Newest

Advanced level question. Frequently asked in High end product companies. Frequently asked in Cognizant and Deloitte ( Based on 2 feedback )
  Q1. Why is String immutable in Java ?Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. 1. String Pool - When a string is created and if it exists in the pool, the reference of the existing string will be returned instead of creating a new object. If string is not immutable, changing the string with one reference will lead to the wrong value for the other references.

Example -

String str1 = "String1";
String str2 = "String1"; // It doesn't create a new String and rather reuses the string literal from pool

// Now both str1 and str2 pointing to same string object in pool, changing str1 will change it for str2 too

2. To Cache its Hashcode - If string is not immutable, One can change its hashcode and hence it's not fit to be cached.

3. Security - String is widely used as parameter for many java classes, e.g. network connection, opening files, etc. Making it mutable might possess threats due to interception by the other code segment.

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Frequently asked at HCL Technologies ( Based on 3 feedback )
  Q2. Difference between Checked and Unchecked exceptions ?Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. Checked exceptions are the exceptions for which compiler throws an errors if they are not checked whereas unchecked exceptions are caught during run time only and hence can't be checked.

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Must know at all levels. Among Top 10 frequently asked questions in Java. Very frequently asked to fresh graduates or less experienced professionals.
  Q3. What is Inheritance ?Core Java

Ans. Its a facility for code reuse and independent extension wherein a derived class inherits the properties of parent class.

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 Q4. What will be the output of following code

public class BuggyBread {
   static class A {
      A() {
         f();
      }

      public void f() {
         System.out.println("A ctor");
      }
   }

   static class B extends A {
      B() {
         f();
      }

      public void f() {
         System.out.println("B ctor");
      }
   }

   public static void main(String[] args) {
      B b = new B();
      b.f();
      A a = new A();
      a.f();
   }
}
Core Java2017-01-10 13:08:58

Ans. B ctor
B ctor
B ctor
A ctor
A ctor

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   Like      Discuss      Correct / Improve          Barclays


 Q5. What is TypeCasting ?Core Java2018-07-30 08:40:18

Ans. Assigning a value of one type to a variable of another type is known as Type Casting.

Example :

int x = 10;
byte y = (byte)x;

In Java, type casting is classified into two types, Widening Casting(Implicit) widening-type-conversion and Narrowing Casting (Explicitly done) narrowing-type-conversion.

Widening or Automatic type converion - Automatic Type casting take place when,the two types are compatible and the target type is larger than the source type

Example :

public class Test {
public static void main(String[] args) {
int i = 100;
long l = i; //no explicit type casting required
float f = l;//no explicit type casting required
System.out.println("Int value " i);
System.out.println("Long value " l);
System.out.println("Float value " f);
}
}

Narrowing or Explicit type conversion - When you are assigning a larger type value to a variable of smaller type, then you need to perform explicit type casting.

Example :

public class Test{
public static void main(String[] args) {
double d = 100.04;
long l = (long)d; //explicit type casting required
int i = (int)l;//explicit type casting required
System.out.println("Double value " d);
System.out.println("Long value " l);
System.out.println("Int value " i);
}
}

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