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Core Java - Interview Questions and Answers for 'Basic interview question' - 33 question(s) found - Order By Newest

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Very frequently asked to Fresh graduates.
  Q1. What is the difference between Encapsulation and Abstraction?Core Java
Ans. 1.Abstraction solves the problem at design level while encapsulation solves the problem at implementation level

2.Abstraction is used for hiding the unwanted data and giving relevant data. while Encapsulation means hiding the code and data into a single unit to protect the data from outside world.

3. Abstraction lets you focus on what the object does instead of how it does it while Encapsulation means hiding the internal details or mechanics of how an object does something.

4.For example: Outer Look of a Television, like it has a display screen and channel buttons to change channel it explains Abstraction but Inner Implementation detail of a Television how CRT and Display Screen are connect with each other using different circuits , it explains Encapsulation.

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Very Frequently asked to fresh graduates and less experienced. Favorite question in Walk in drives. Frequently asked in Indian Services companies.
  Q2. Difference between Overloading and Overriding ?Core Java
Ans. Overloading - Similar Signature but different definition , like function overloading.

Overriding - Overriding the Definition of base class in the derived class.

  Sample Code for overloading

  Sample Code for overriding

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  Q3. What is casting?Core Java
Ans. There are two types of casting, casting between primitive numeric types and casting between object references. Casting between numeric types is used to convert larger values, such as double values, to smaller values, such as byte values. Casting between object references is used to refer to an object by a compatible class, interface, or array type reference

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Frequently asked to fresh graduates and less experienced.
  Q4. Difference between Composition and Inheritance ?Core Java
Ans. Inheritance means a object inheriting reusable properties of the base class. Compositions means that an abject holds other objects.

In Inheritance there is only one object in memory ( derived object ) whereas in Composition , parent object holds references of all composed objects.

From Design perspective - Inheritance is "is a" relationship among objects whereas Composition is "has a" relationship among objects.

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Frequently asked to fresh graduates.
 Q5. Explain Thread States ?Operating System
Ans. Runnable - waiting for its turn to be picked for execution by the thread schedular based on thread priorities.

Running - The processor is actively executing the thread code. It runs until it becomes blocked, or voluntarily gives up its turn.

Waiting: A thread is in a blocked state while it waits for some external processing such as file I/O to finish.

Sleeping - Java threads are forcibly put to sleep (suspended) with Thread.sleep. they can resume using Thread.resume method.

Blocked on I/O - Will move to runnable after I/O condition like reading bytes of data etc changes.

Blocked on synchronization - Will move to Runnable when a lock is acquired.

Dead - The thread is finished working.

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  Q6. Does Java support Multiple Inheritance ?Core Java
Ans. Java doesn't support multiple inheritance. Interfaces does't facilitate inheritance and hence implementation of multiple interfaces doesn't make multiple inheritance.

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Very frequently asked. Favorite question in Walk in Drive of many Indian service companies.
  Q7. What is a Final Variable ?Core Java
Ans. Final variable is a variable constant that cannot be changed after initialization.

  Sample Code for final variable

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  Q8. Difference between Vector and ArrayList ?Core Java
Ans. Vectors are synchronized whereas Array lists are not.

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Very Frequently asked. Usually asked along with String Class related questions.
  Q9. What is an immutable class ?Core Java
Ans. Class using which only immutable (objects that cannot be changed after initialization) objects can be created.

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Very frequently asked. Usually difference between String,StringBuffer and StringBuilder is asked in different variations.
  Q10. Difference between StringBuffer and StringBuilder ?Core Java
Ans. StringBuffer is synchronized whereas StringBuilder is not.

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 Q11. What is a Final Method ?Core Java
Ans. A Method that cannot be overriden in the sub class.

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Very Frequently asked.Favorite question in Walk in drive for many Indian service companies.
 Q12. What is a Final Class ?
Ans. A Class that cannot be sub classed.

  Sample Code for final class

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 Q13. Name few Java Exceptions ?Core Java
Ans. IndexOutofBoundException ,
NoClassDefFoundException ,
OutOfMemoryException ,
IllegalArgumentException,
NullPointerException,
IllegalStateException

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 Q14. What is "super" used for ?
Ans. Used to access members of the base class.

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 Q15. What is "this" keyword used for ?
Ans. Used to represent an instance of the class in which it appears.

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 Q16. What is an Enum type ?Core Java
Ans. An enum type is a special data type that enables for a variable to be a set of predefined constants

  Sample Code for enum

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  Q17. what is the difference between collections class vs collections interface ?Core Java
Ans. Collections class is a utility class having static methods for doing operations on objects of classes which implement the Collection interface. For example, Collections has methods for finding the max element in a Collection.

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  Q18. Advantage of Collection classes over Arrays ?Core Java
Ans. Collections are re-sizable in nature. We can increase or decrease the size as per recruitment.
Collections can hold both homogeneous and heterogeneous data's.
Every collection follows some standard data structures.
Collection provides many useful built in methods for traversing,sorting and search.

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 Q19. What is the difference between float and double?
Ans. Float can represent up to 7 digits accurately after decimal point, where as double can represent up to 15 digits accurately after decimal point.

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 Q20. What are the features of encapsulation ?Core Java
Ans. Combine the data of our application and its manipulation at one place.

Encapsulation Allow the state of an object to be accessed and modified through behaviors.

Reduce the coupling of modules and increase the cohesion inside them.

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 Q21. What is a finalize method ?Core Java
Ans. finalize() method is called just before an object is destroyed.

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 Q22. Can we overload constructors ?
Ans. Yes.

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 Q23. What is the advantage of using arrays over variables ?
Ans. Arrays provide a structure wherein multiple values can be accessed using single reference and index. This helps in iterating over the values using loops.

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 Q24. What is the difference between System.out ,System.err and System.in?
Ans. System.out and System.err both represent the monitor by default and hence can be used to send data or results to the monitor. But System.out is used to display normal messages and results whereas System.err is used to display error messages and System.in represents InputStream object, which by default represents standard input device, i.e., keyboard.

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 Q25. Why is Java considered Portable Language ?Core Java
Ans. Java is a portable-language because without any modification we can use Java byte-code in any platform(which supports Java). So this byte-code is portable and we can use in any other major platforms.

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 Q26. Difference between throw and throws ?Core Java
Ans. throw is used to explicitly throw an exception especially custom exceptions, whereas throws is used to declare that the method can throw an exception.

We cannot throw multiple exceptions using throw statement but we can declare that a method can throw multiple exceptions using throws and comma separator.

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 Q27. What is an Object ?Core Java
Ans. Object is a run time entity whose state is stored in fields and behavior is shown via methods. Methods operate on an object's internal state and serve as the primary mechanism for object-to-object communication.

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 Q28. What is a Class ?Core Java
Ans. A class is a blue print or Mold using which individual objects are created. A class can contain fields and methods to describe the behavior of an object.

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 Q29. How finally used under Exception Handling?Core Java
Ans. The finally keyword is used to create a block of code that follows a try block. A finally block of code always executes, whether or not an exception has occurred.

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 Q30. What is the difference between a break statement and a continue statement?Core Java
Ans. Break statement results in the termination of the statement to which it applies (switch, for, do, or while). A continue statement is used to end the current loop iteration and return control to the loop statement.

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