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Core java - Interview Questions and Answers for 'Chase' - 6 question(s) found - Order By Newest

Very frequently asked in different variations. Frequently asked in Deloitte ( 2 feedback ) , HCL Tech ( 3 feedback ) and Coginizant (CTS)
  Q1. Explain the scenerios to choose between String , StringBuilder and StringBuffer ?

or

What is the difference between String , StringBuilder and StringBuffer ?
Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. If the Object value will not change, use String Class because a String object is immutable.

If the Object value can change and will only be modified from a single thread, use StringBuilder because StringBuilder is unsynchronized(means faster).

If the Object value may change, and can be modified by multiple threads, use a StringBuffer because StringBuffer is thread safe(synchronized).

  Sample Code for String

  Sample Code for StringBuffer

  Sample Code for StringBuilder

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     java   string class   string   stringbuilder   stringbuffer     Asked in 27 Companies      basic        frequent

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Very frequently asked. Favorite question in Walk in Drive of many Indian service companies.
  Q2. What is the difference between ArrayList and LinkedList ?Core Java
admin
info@buggybread.com
Ans. Underlying data structure for ArrayList is Array whereas LinkedList is the linked list and hence have following differences -

1. ArrayList needs continuous memory locations and hence need to be moved to a bigger space if new elements are to be added to a filled array which is not required for LinkedList.

2. Removal and Insertion at specific place in ArrayList requires moving all elements and hence leads to O(n) insertions and removal whereas its constant O(1) for LinkedList.

3. Random access using index in ArrayList is faster than LinkedList which requires traversing the complete list through references.

4. Though Linear Search takes Similar Time for both, Binary Search using LinkedList requires creating new Model called Binary Search Tree which is slower but offers constant time insertion and deletion.

5. For a set of integers you want to sort using quicksort, it's probably faster to use an array; for a set of large structures you want to sort using selection sort, a linked list will be faster.

  Sample Code for ArrayList

  Sample Code for LinkedList

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     collections   java   data structures   arraylist   linkedlist     Asked in 61 Companies      Basic        frequent

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Very frequently asked across all types of companies.
  Q3. Difference between HashMap and Hashtable?Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. Hashtable is synchronized whereas HashMap is not.HashMap allows null values whereas Hashtable doesnt allow null values.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     java   collections   hashmap   map   hashtable   basic interview question   ebay   tcs    hcl technologies   infosys technologies     Asked in 14 Companies      basic        frequent

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Very frequently asked in phone and walk in interviews.
  Q4. What are Marker Interfaces ? Name few Java marker interfaces ?Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. These are the interfaces which have no declared methods.Serializable and cloneable are marker interfaces.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     java   oops   interfaces   marker interface   serializable   clonable     Asked in 21 Companies      intermediate        frequent

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 Q5. How to implement an immutable class ?Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. We can make a class immutable by

1. Making all methods and variables as private.

2. Setting variables within constructor.

Public Class ImmutableClass{

private int member;
ImmutableClass(int var){
member=var;
}
}

and then we can initialize the object of the class as

ImmutableClass immutableObject = new ImmutableClass(5);

Now all members being private , you cant change the state of the object.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     java   oops   immutable  immutability   immutable  immutability class   technical lead     Asked in 5 Companies      intermediate        frequent

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Very frequently asked. Usually difference between String,StringBuffer and StringBuilder is asked in different variations.
  Q6. Difference between StringBuffer and StringBuilder ?Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. StringBuffer is synchronized whereas StringBuilder is not.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     java   string   stringbuffer   string class   stringbuilder   synchronized   basic interview question   infosys technologies     Asked in 17 Companies      basic        frequent

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