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Core java - Interview Questions and Answers for 'Google' - 12 question(s) found - Order By Newest

Advanced level question. Frequently asked in High end product companies. Frequently asked in Google , Cognizant and Deloitte ( Based on 2 feedback )
  Q1. Why is String immutable in Java ?Core Java
Ans. 1. String Pool - When a string is created and if it exists in the pool, the reference of the existing string will be returned instead of creating a new object. If string is not immutable, changing the string with one reference will lead to the wrong value for the other references.

Example -

String str1 = "String1";
String str2 = "String1"; // It doesn't create a new String and rather reuses the string literal from pool

// Now both str1 and str2 pointing to same string object in pool, changing str1 will change it for str2 too

2. To Cache its Hashcode - If string is not immutable, One can change its hashcode and hence it's not fit to be cached.

3. Security - String is widely used as parameter for many java classes, e.g. network connection, opening files, etc. Making it mutable might possess threats due to interception by the other code segment.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     java   oops   string   string class   immutable  immutability   advanced     Asked in 38 Companies      expert        frequent

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Basic and Very Frequently asked.
  Q2. What is Polymorphism in Java ?Core Java
Ans. Polymorphism means the condition of occurring in several different forms.

Polymorphism in Java is achieved in two manners

1. Static polymorphism is the polymorphic resolution identified at compile time and is achieved through function overloading whereas

2. Dynamic polymorphism is the polymorphic resolution identified at runtime and is achieved through method overriding.

  Sample Code for overloading

  Sample Code for overriding

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Frequently asked in all types of companies especially Indian Services companies. Frequently asked in CTS (Based on 2 feedback)
  Q3. What is the use of hashcode in Java ?Core Java
Ans. Hashcode is used for bucketing in Hash implementations like HashMap, HashTable, HashSet etc. The value received from hashcode() is used as bucket number for storing elements. This bucket number is the address of the element inside the set/map. when you do contains() then it will take the hashcode of the element, then look for the bucket where hashcode points to and if more than 1 element is found in the same bucket (multiple objects can have the same hashcode) then it uses the equals() method to evaluate if object are equal, and then decide if contain() is true or false, or decide if element could be added in the set or not.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     java   collections   hashcode   advanced  hashtable     Asked in 33 Companies      intermediate        frequent

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Advanced level question usually asked in High end product companies. Have been asked in Google and Amazon (Based on 1 Feedback)
  Q4. Describe, in general, how java's garbage collector works ?Core Java
Ans. The Java runtime environment deletes objects when it determines that they are no longer being used. This process is known as garbage collection. The Java runtime environment supports a garbage collector that periodically frees the memory used by objects that are no longer needed. The Java garbage collector is a mark-sweep garbage collector that scans Java dynamic memory areas for objects, marking those that are referenced. After all possible paths to objects are investigated, those objects that are not marked (i.e. are not referenced) are known to be garbage and are collected.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     java   garbage collection   java memory management   advanced     Asked in 21 Companies      intermediate        frequent

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 Q5. Given two files with list of words, write a program to show the common words in both filesCore Java
Ans. import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Arrays;
import java.util.List;
import java.io.*;
public class Common {
public static void main(String ar[])throws Exception
   {
      File f=new File("a.txt");
File f1=new File("x.java");
      System.out.println(f.exists());
FileInputStream fin = new FileInputStream(f);
      FileInputStream fin1 = new FileInputStream(f1);

      byte b[]=new byte[10000];
byte b1[]=new byte[10000];
fin.read(b);
fin1.read(b1);
String s1 = new String(b);
String s2 =new String(b1);

String words1[] = s1.trim().split(" ");
String words2[] = s2.trim().split(" ");
Listlist1 = new ArrayList<>(Arrays.asList(words1));
Listlist2 = new ArrayList<>(Arrays.asList(words2));
list1.retainAll(list2);
System.out.println(list1);
}
}

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     file handling  file io  code  coding     Asked in 1 Companies


 Q6. Write a program to print the index of the first non repeated character in a java stringCore Java
Ans. public class BuggyBread1{
public static void main (String args[]) {
   String str = "hheello world";
   char[] charArray = str.toCharArray();
   char selectedChar = 'a';
   for(char char1: charArray){
      if(!str.contains(Character.toString(char1).concat(Character.toString(char1)))){
         selectedChar = char1;
         break;
      }
   }
   System.out.println(str.indexOf(Character.toString(selectedChar)));
}
}

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     string  code  coding     Asked in 9 Companies


 Q7. If you have access to a function that returns a random integer from one to five, write another function which returns a random integer from one to seven.Core Java
Ans. We can do that by pulling binary representation using 3 bits ( random(2) ).

getRandom7() {
   String binaryStr = String.valuesOf(random(2))+String.valuesOf(random(2))+String.valuesOf(random(2));
   binaryInt = Integer.valueOf(binaryStr);
   int sumValue=0;
   int multiple = 1;
   while(binaryInt > 0){
      binaryDigit = binaryInt%10;
      binaryInt = binaryInt /10;
      sumValue = sumValue + (binaryDigit * multiple);
      multiple = multiple * 2;
   }
}

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 Q8. What are fail-fast Iterators ?Core Java
Ans. Fail-fast iterators detect illegal concurrent modification during iteration and fail quickly and cleanly rather than risking arbitrary, non deterministic behavior at an undetermined time in future. Example could be of an Iterator failing if it smells ConcurrentModificationException.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     fail-fast Iterators  Iterators     Asked in 5 Companies      intermediate


Frequently asked in high end product companies.
 Q9. Write code for LRU CacheCore Java
Ans. https://www.geeksforgeeks.org/lru-cache-implementation/

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     cache  LRU cache  coding  code     Asked in 10 Companies      intermediate


 Q10. Write a Program to check number of occurrences of one string within another ? Core Java
Ans. public class Class{
   public static void main(String[] args){
      String string1 = "Hello I am Jack. I live in United States. I live in california state.";

      String string2 = "I live in";

      int startIndex = 0;
      int endIndex = string1.length()-1;

      int countNoOfOccurences = 0;

      String remainingString = string1;

      while(startIndex < endIndex){
         if(remainingString.indexOf(string2) != -1){
            countNoOfOccurences++;
            startIndex = remainingString.indexOf(string2) + string2.length();
            remainingString = remainingString.substring(startIndex);
         } else {
            break;
         }
      }

      System.out.println(countNoOfOccurences);
   }
}

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     string  code  coding     Asked in 2 Companies


  Q11. Find Intersection/union between two arrays.Core Java
 This question was recently asked at 'Bristlecone,Amazon Lab126,Amazon,Microsoft,Facebook,NCR,Google'.This question is still unanswered. Can you please provide an answer.


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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     arrays  code  coding     Asked in 7 Companies        frequent


 Q12. Write a code to detect the longest palindromic substring Core Java
 This question was recently asked at 'Google'.This question is still unanswered. Can you please provide an answer.


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