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General - Interview Questions and Answers for 'Infosys' - 18 question(s) found - Order By Newest

  Q1. Explain OOPs

or

Explain OOPs Principles

or

Explain OOPs Concepts

or

Explain OOPs features

or

Tell me something about OOPs
Core Java2017-06-13 08:25:45

Ans. OOPs or Object Oriented Programming is a Programming model which is organized around Objects instead of processes. Instead of a process calling series of processes, this model stresses on communication between objects. Objects that all self sustained, provide security by encapsulating it's members and providing abstracted interfaces over the functions it performs. OOP's facilitate the following features

1. Inheritance for Code Reuse
2. Abstraction for modularity, maintenance and agility
3. Encapsulation for security and protection
4. Polymorphism for flexibility and interfacing

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     oops  oops features     Asked in 236 Companies      basic        frequent


Very frequently asked. Favorite question in Walk in Drive of many Indian service companies.
  Q2. What is the difference between ArrayList and LinkedList ?Core Java
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Ans. Underlying data structure for ArrayList is Array whereas LinkedList is the linked list and hence have following differences -

1. ArrayList needs continuous memory locations and hence need to be moved to a bigger space if new elements are to be added to a filled array which is not required for LinkedList.

2. Removal and Insertion at specific place in ArrayList requires moving all elements and hence leads to O(n) insertions and removal whereas its constant O(1) for LinkedList.

3. Random access using index in ArrayList is faster than LinkedList which requires traversing the complete list through references.

4. Though Linear Search takes Similar Time for both, Binary Search using LinkedList requires creating new Model called Binary Search Tree which is slower but offers constant time insertion and deletion.

5. For a set of integers you want to sort using quicksort, it's probably faster to use an array; for a set of large structures you want to sort using selection sort, a linked list will be faster.

  Sample Code for ArrayList

  Sample Code for LinkedList

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     collections   java   data structures   arraylist   linkedlist     Asked in 61 Companies      Basic        frequent

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Basic and Very Frequently asked.
  Q3. What is Polymorphism in Java ?Core Java2016-11-06 09:10:54

Ans. Polymorphism means the condition of occurring in several different forms.

Polymorphism in Java is achieved in two manners

1. Static polymorphism is the polymorphic resolution identified at compile time and is achieved through function overloading whereas

2. Dynamic polymorphism is the polymorphic resolution identified at runtime and is achieved through method overriding.

  Sample Code for overloading

  Sample Code for overriding

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     polymorphism  object oriented programming (oops)  oops concepts  oops concepts     Asked in 107 Companies      Basic        frequent

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Almost sure to be asked in every company using any Dependency Injection framework ( Spring, Guice etc )
  Q4. What is Dependency Injection or IOC ( Inversion of Control ) ?Design

Ans. It is a Design Pattern that facilitates loose coupling by sending the dependency information ( object references of dependent object ) while building the state of the object. Objects are designed in a manner where they receive instances of the objects from other pieces of code, instead of constructing them internally and hence provide better flexibility.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     design patterns   ioc ( Inversion of Control )  dependency injection     Asked in 80 Companies      intermediate        frequent


Frequently asked. Among first few questions in the J2EE segment of interview.
  Q5. What is deployment descriptor ?

or

What is the use of deployment descriptor ?
Java EE2016-06-04 22:46:40

Ans. Deployment Descriptor which is usually web.xml is used to specify the classes, resources and configuration of the application and how the web server uses them to serve web requests.This file is usually added to WEB-INF folder and contains following

* Servlet entries and url mapping
* Plugins
* Some info regarding authentication / filters
* Landing Page
* Event Handlers

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     web.xml   servlets  deployment descriptor     Asked in 15 Companies      basic        frequent

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Very Frequently asked Spring question.
  Q6. What is bean auto wiring?Spring
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Ans. The Spring container is able to autowire relationships between collaborating beans. This means that it is possible to automatically let Spring resolve collaborators (other beans) for your bean by inspecting the contents of the BeanFactory without using and elements.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     j2ee   spring   mvc   frameworks   web applications   autowiring   beans   at&t   ge     Asked in 9 Companies        frequent


  Q7. Which Software Development methodology is being used in your current Job ?General
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Ans. We are using Agile methodology. I attend daily stand up where the development leads takes the status of assigned stories, achievements, any bottlenecks or challenges. We follow iteration of 2 weeks.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     sdlc   agile methodology   software system analyst   software developer interview   development lead   project lead interview     Asked in 14 Companies        frequent


  Q8. Explain the challenging problems you faced recently and how you overcame it ?General

Ans. [Open Ended Answer]

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     elsevier   open ended questions   overstock.com   cerner     Asked in 15 Companies        frequent


Very Frequently asked to Senior Software Engineers or Developers.
  Q9. Describe some of the Design Patterns you have used ?Design2016-12-01 16:31:17

Ans. [Open Ended Answer]

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     design patterns     Asked in 17 Companies      intermediate        frequent


  Q10. Difference between Array and ArrayList ?Core Java2016-12-15 14:13:12

Ans. <a href="http://javahungry.blogspot.com/2015/03/difference-between-array-and-arraylist-in-java-example.html" rel="nofollow">http://javahungry.blogspot.com/2015/03/difference-between-array-and-arraylist-in-java-example.html</a>

  Sample Code for ArrayList

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     array  arraylist     Asked in 11 Companies      basic        frequent


 Q11. Scale yourself on Java on the scale of 1 to 10General2017-01-11 15:48:29

Ans. [Open Ended Answer]

The objective of the question is to check how efficient one is in the language so that appropriate level questions are asked. Don't tell too high number if you are being interviewed for a junior or mid level position as the interviewer may throw advance level questions.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve          Asked in 17 Companies


 Q12. What is abstraction ?2017-10-13 09:23:38

Ans. Abstraction is a process of hiding the implementation details and describing only the functionality to the user.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve          Asked in 20 Companies


  Q13. Explain OOps concepts.Core Java2017-12-25 17:29:13

Ans. There are four main OOP concepts in Java. These are:

Abstraction. Abstraction means using simple things to represent complexity. We all know how to turn the TV on, but we don?t need to know how it works in order to enjoy it. In Java, abstraction means simple things like objects, classes, and variables represent more complex underlying code and data. This is important because it lets avoid repeating the same work multiple times.

Encapsulation. This is the practice of keeping fields within a class private, then providing access to them via public methods. It?s a protective barrier that keeps the data and code safe within the class itself. This way, we can re-use objects like code components or variables without allowing open access to the data system-wide.

Inheritance. This is a special feature of Object Oriented Programming in Java. It lets programmers create new classes that share some of the attributes of existing classes. This lets us build on previous work without reinventing the wheel.

Polymorphism. This Java OOP concept lets programmers use the same word to mean different things in different contexts. One form of polymorphism in Java is method overloading. That?s when different meanings are implied by the code itself. The other form is method overriding. That?s when the different meanings are implied by the values of the supplied variables. See more on this below.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     oops  oops concepts     Asked in 15 Companies      basic        frequent


 Q14. What is your role in current project ?General2018-05-03 06:18:38

Ans. Possible Answer - Java Developer

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve          Asked in 5 Companies


 Q15. Why do you want to leave your current job ?General2018-05-11 07:39:41

Ans. The most effective and acceptable reasons for leaving your current job should be positive e.g. moving forward in your life or career

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve          Asked in 21 Companies


 Q16. What is garbage collection ?Core Java2018-05-13 07:44:17

Ans. The garbage collection is a facility wherein a program runs on the Java Virtual Machine which gets rid of objects, which are not being used by a Java application anymore. It is a form of automatic memory management and recollection.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve          Asked in 4 Companies


 Q17. What methodology and technology stack do you use ?General2018-05-22 06:05:55

Ans. [Open Ended Answer]

Possible Answer - We are using Agile. We have daily standups, Bi weekly Backlog Grooming , Planning and Retrospective, We have a 2 week sprint and We use Jira for Scrum Management. We are using Java 8, Spring Boot, JSF , Apache Kafka , Soap as well as Rest Services.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve          Asked in 9 Companies


 Q18. What are the best strategies to improve code readability ? General2019-07-13 15:26:43

 This question was recently asked at 'HCL Technologies,Infosys'.This question is still unanswered. Can you please provide an answer.


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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve          Asked in 2 Companies




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