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Interview Questions and Answers for 'Nabla Infotech' - 2 question(s) found - Order By Newest

Very frequently asked. Among first few questions in almost all interviews. Among Top 5 frequently asked questions. Frequently asked in Indian service companies (HCL,TCS,Infosys,Capgemini etc based on multiple feedback )
  Q1. Difference between == and .equals() ?Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. "equals" is the method of object class which is supposed to be overridden to check object equality, whereas "==" operator evaluate to see if the object handlers on the left and right are pointing to the same object in memory.

x.equals(y) means the references x and y are holding objects that are equal. x==y means that the references x and y have same object.

Sample code:

String x = new String("str");
String y = new String("str");

System.out.println(x == y); // prints false
System.out.println(x.equals(y)); // prints true

  Sample Code for equals

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     java   string comparison   string   object class   ==    equals   object equality  operator     Asked in 289 Companies      basic        frequent

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Related Questions

 What is the difference between = and == in Java ?
 How is == operator different for objects and primitive types ?
 What will be the output of following code

Integer x = 1;
Integer y = 2;
System.out.println(x == y);

What if you change 1 to "1" and Integer to String?


  Q2. Explain OOps concepts.Core Java2017-12-25 17:29:13

Ans. There are four main OOP concepts in Java. These are:

Abstraction. Abstraction means using simple things to represent complexity. We all know how to turn the TV on, but we don?t need to know how it works in order to enjoy it. In Java, abstraction means simple things like objects, classes, and variables represent more complex underlying code and data. This is important because it lets avoid repeating the same work multiple times.

Encapsulation. This is the practice of keeping fields within a class private, then providing access to them via public methods. It?s a protective barrier that keeps the data and code safe within the class itself. This way, we can re-use objects like code components or variables without allowing open access to the data system-wide.

Inheritance. This is a special feature of Object Oriented Programming in Java. It lets programmers create new classes that share some of the attributes of existing classes. This lets us build on previous work without reinventing the wheel.

Polymorphism. This Java OOP concept lets programmers use the same word to mean different things in different contexts. One form of polymorphism in Java is method overloading. That?s when different meanings are implied by the code itself. The other form is method overriding. That?s when the different meanings are implied by the values of the supplied variables. See more on this below.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     oops  oops concepts     Asked in 15 Companies      basic        frequent


Related Questions

  What are the difference between composition and inheritance in Java?
  What is the difference between Encapsulation and Abstraction?
  What are points to consider in terms of access modifier when we are overriding any method?
 Explain OOPs

or

Explain OOPs Principles

or

Explain OOPs Concepts

or

Explain OOPs features

or

Tell me something about OOPs
 What is Polymorphism in Java ?
  Why every object constructor automatically call super() in Object before its own constructors?
 Can you give a real world example of Encapsulation and Abstraction ?
  Difference between Overloading and Overriding ?
  Difference between Composition and Inheritance ?
  How compiler handles the exceptions in overriding ?




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