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Interview Questions and Answers for 'Sap' - 18 question(s) found - Order By Newest

 Q1. Which of the following combination of keywords is illegal in Java ?

a. static and transient
b. transient and final
c. static and synchronized
d. abstract and final
Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. abstract and final

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   Like      Discuss      Correct / Improve     java   java keywords     VirtusaPolaris  IVTL InfoView Technologies      basic


 Q2. Can we have multiple main methods in a single class ?Core Java2017-01-12 11:00:02

Ans. We can overload the main method by specifying different argument types. For example -

2 main methods with different arguments is perfectly legal

public static void main();
public static void main(String[] args);

The following are not legal as compiler will complain of duplicate methods

public static void main(String[] args);
public static void main(String[] args);

Even The following are not legal as we cannot overload on return types

public static String main(String[] args);
public static void main(String[] args);

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   Like      Discuss      Correct / Improve     main method     HCL Technologies  SapientNitro


Very Frequently asked to fresh graduates and less experienced. Favorite question in Walk in drives. Frequently asked in Indian Services companies.
  Q3. Difference between Overloading and Overriding ?Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. Overloading - Similar Signature but different definition , like function overloading.

Overriding - Overriding the Definition of base class in the derived class.

  Sample Code for overloading

  Sample Code for overriding

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Try 1 Question(s) Test


 Q4. What is Generalization and Specialization in terms of casting ?Core Java
Admin
info@buggybread.com
Ans. Generalization or UpCasting is a phenomenon where a sub class is prompted to a super class, and hence becomes more general. Generalization needs widening or up-casting. Specialization or DownCasting is a phenomenon where a super class is narrowed down to a sub class. Specialization needs narrowing or down-casting.

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   Like      Discuss      Correct / Improve     java   data types   casting   up casting   downcasting   generalization   specialization     Tata Consultancy (TCS)  VirtusaPolaris


 Q5. What is PermGen or Permanent Generation ?Core Java
Admin
info@buggybread.com
Ans. The memory pool containing all the reflective data of the java virtual machine itself, such as class and method objects. With Java VMs that use class data sharing, this generation is divided into read-only and read-write areas. The Permanent generation contains metadata required by the JVM to describe the classes and methods used in the application. The permanent generation is populated by the JVM at runtime based on classes in use by the application. In addition, Java SE library classes and methods may be stored here.

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   Like      Discuss      Correct / Improve     java   jvm   memory management   permgen   permanent generation   advanced   architecture     JP Morgan  SAP  Informatica  Credit Agricole  EXFO  EMC  Credit Agricole  Cognizant (CTS)  JP Morgan      expert


Frequently asked at HCL Technologies ( Based on 3 feedback )
  Q6. Difference between Checked and Unchecked exceptions ?Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. Checked exceptions are the exceptions for which compiler throws an errors if they are not checked whereas unchecked exceptions are caught during run time only and hence can't be checked.

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Try 1 Question(s) Test


 Q7. Give an Example of checked and unchecked exception ?Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. ClassNotFoundException is checked exception whereas NoClassDefFoundError is a unchecked exception.

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   Like      Discuss      Correct / Improve     java   exceptions   checked exceptions   unchecked exceptions   exception handling     SAP  JP Morgan


 Q8. Can we extend an Enum ?Core Java
Admin
info@buggybread.com
Ans. No. Enums are final by design.

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   Like      Discuss      Correct / Improve     java   enums   inheritance   yes-no     Sapient      intermediate


 Q9. Why can't we declare a class abstract as well as final ?Core Java

Ans. Abstract means that the class is only meant to be subclassed whereas final means that it cannot be subclassed so both concepts - abstract and final are actually mutually exclusive and hence not permitted together.

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   Like      Discuss      Correct / Improve     abstract   final   java keywords     VirtusaPolaris



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 Q10. What are some alternates to keeping Audit Tables ?Database2016-07-14 14:24:37

Ans. Audit Tables generally stores Raw information to be reviewed in case of problems or determining impact. If Database space is an issue , and the audit information is rarely retrieved, one design could be to use compressed file system.

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   Like      Discuss      Correct / Improve     databases   audit tables   raw transaction information storage     Sapient


 Q11. What are the benefits of Enums ?Core Java2016-09-07 09:05:01

Ans. Enums in Java are used to declare predefined objects and then reuse them. they offer many benefits

1. Enum instance are type safe and thread safe.

2. Enum instances are singleton and hence reused.

3. If we use Enums with Switch , It makes sure that the passed argument is either of its instance and hence provides a safeguard.

4. If we use Enum with Sorted Collections we can sort the elements with a predefined priorities ( as per constant declaration in enum )

5. We can use Enum as a Factory by defining its constructor.

6. We can store related constant data within enum. For example - If we know the values for the map upfront, we can alternatively use an enum.

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 Q12. What is a Test Dependency Scope in Maven ?Maven2016-11-14 10:51:53

Ans. This scope indicates that the dependency is not required for normal use of the application, and is only available for the test compilation and execution phases. This scope is not transitive.

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   Like      Discuss      Correct / Improve     maven     Sapient  General Electric (GE)


 Q13. What is Dirty read in Database Transactions ?Database2016-11-14 13:11:55

Ans. A dirty read occurs when a transaction is allowed to read data from a row that has been modified by another running transaction but not yet committed.

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  Q14. What is database Normalization ?Database2017-01-09 12:00:02

Ans. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Database_normalization

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 Q15. What is a factory design pattern ?Design2017-01-09 13:21:43

Ans. Factory Design Patterns is the pattern that recommends creation of separate Factory Object for creation of other object.

So its like saying - If you want to create an object of ClassA, Talk to FactoryObject ( which is an object of FactoryClass ). FactoryObject in itself encapsulates the inputs and logic required to make the decision regarding the creation and construction of object.

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 Q16. Can an application have multiple main methods within different classes ? If yes, How will the app decide which one to be executed ?Core Java2017-01-12 10:56:40

Ans. Yes we can have a main method with string[] argument in every class of an application. When we execute an app we specify the starting point i.e the class that will get the control first and hence main method of that class gets executed.

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   Like      Discuss      Correct / Improve     main method     HCL Technologies  Aspire Systems  SapientNitro


Usually asked to entry level software developers.
  Q17. Write a program to swap two variables without using thirdCore Java2017-01-19 15:38:34

Ans. public static void main(String[] args) {
   int num1 = 1;   
   int num2 = 2;
   num1 = num1^num2;
   num2 = num1^num2;
   num1 = num1^num2;
   System.out.print("num1 = " + num1 +", num2 = "+num2);
}

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 Q18. Explain Hibernate caching mechanismHibernate2018-11-14 12:53:50

 This question was recently asked at 'Infosys,Sabre,Sapient,HCL Technologies,Thomson Reuters,Capgemini,FINRA,abhra,Ephesoft,Ananth Technologies,Verizon,Azuga,UrbanPro,Indecomm Global Services,The Digital Group,mPHATEK systems,Cakesoft Technologies,GoldenSource Corporation,Synechron,Clear2Pay,Rigil,Azuga,GGK Technologies system'.This question is still unanswered. Can you please provide an answer.


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