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Interview Questions and Answers for 'Sapient' - 15 question(s) found - Order By Newest

Very frequently asked. Among first few questions in almost all interviews. Among Top 5 frequently asked questions. Frequently asked in Indian service companies (HCL,TCS,Infosys,Capgemini etc based on multiple feedback )
  Q1. Difference between == and .equals() ?Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. "equals" is the method of object class which is supposed to be overridden to check object equality, whereas "==" operator evaluate to see if the object handlers on the left and right are pointing to the same object in memory.

x.equals(y) means the references x and y are holding objects that are equal. x==y means that the references x and y have same object.

Sample code:

String x = new String("str");
String y = new String("str");

System.out.println(x == y); // prints false
System.out.println(x.equals(y)); // prints true

  Sample Code for equals

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     java   string comparison   string   object class   ==    equals   object equality  operator     Asked in 292 Companies      basic        frequent

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Frequently asked at Manhattan Associates ( Based on 2 feedback )
  Q2. What is a Lambda Expression ? What's its use ?Core Java
Admin
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Ans. Its an anonymous method without any declaration.

Lambda Expression are useful to write shorthand Code and hence saves the effort of writing lengthy Code.

It promotes Developer productivity, Better Readable and Reliable code.

  Sample Code for lambda

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     java   java8   lambda expression   architecture     Asked in 58 Companies      expert        frequent

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Frequently asked question in companies using Hibernate.
  Q3. What is Lazy Initialization in Hibernate ?Hibernate
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Ans. It's a feature to lazily initialize dependencies , relationship and associations from the Database. Any related references marked as @OneToMany or @ManyToMany are loaded lazily i.e when they are accessed and not when the parent is loaded.

  Sample Code for Lazy Initialization

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     hibernate   lazy loading hibernate   lazy initialization hibernate   architecture     Asked in 77 Companies      Basic        frequent

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Very Frequently asked to fresh graduates and less experienced. Favorite question in Walk in drives. Frequently asked in Indian Services companies.
  Q4. Difference between Overloading and Overriding ?Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. Overloading - Similar Signature but different definition , like function overloading.

Overriding - Overriding the Definition of base class in the derived class.

  Sample Code for overloading

  Sample Code for overriding

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     java   oops   overloading   overriding   oops concepts   basic interview question     Asked in 83 Companies      basic        frequent

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 Q5. Can we have multiple main methods in a single class ?Core Java2017-01-12 11:00:02

Ans. We can overload the main method by specifying different argument types. For example -

2 main methods with different arguments is perfectly legal

public static void main();
public static void main(String[] args);

The following are not legal as compiler will complain of duplicate methods

public static void main(String[] args);
public static void main(String[] args);

Even The following are not legal as we cannot overload on return types

public static String main(String[] args);
public static void main(String[] args);

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     main method     Asked in 2 Companies


 Q6. Can we extend an Enum ?Core Java
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Ans. No. Enums are final by design.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     java   enums   inheritance  object oriented programming (oops)  oops concepts   yes-no     Asked in 1 Companies      intermediate


 Q7. What are some alternates to keeping Audit Tables ?Database2016-07-14 14:24:37

Ans. Audit Tables generally stores Raw information to be reviewed in case of problems or determining impact. If Database space is an issue , and the audit information is rarely retrieved, one design could be to use compressed file system.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     databases   audit tables   raw transaction information storage     Asked in 1 Companies


 Q8. What are the benefits of Enums ?Core Java2016-09-07 09:05:01

Ans. Enums in Java are used to declare predefined objects and then reuse them. they offer many benefits

1. Enum instance are type safe and thread safe.

2. Enum instances are singleton and hence reused.

3. If we use Enums with Switch , It makes sure that the passed argument is either of its instance and hence provides a safeguard.

4. If we use Enum with Sorted Collections we can sort the elements with a predefined priorities ( as per constant declaration in enum )

5. We can use Enum as a Factory by defining its constructor.

6. We can store related constant data within enum. For example - If we know the values for the map upfront, we can alternatively use an enum.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve          Asked in 6 Companies


 Q9. What is a Test Dependency Scope in Maven ?Maven2016-11-14 10:51:53

Ans. This scope indicates that the dependency is not required for normal use of the application, and is only available for the test compilation and execution phases. This scope is not transitive.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     maven     Asked in 2 Companies


 Q10. What is Dirty read in Database Transactions ?Database2016-11-14 13:11:55

Ans. A dirty read occurs when a transaction is allowed to read data from a row that has been modified by another running transaction but not yet committed.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     database transaction     Asked in 8 Companies


  Q11. What is database Normalization ?Database2017-01-09 12:00:02

Ans. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Database_normalization

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     normalization  database     Asked in 35 Companies      intermediate        frequent


 Q12. What is a factory design pattern ?Design2017-01-09 13:21:43

Ans. Factory Design Patterns is the pattern that recommends creation of separate Factory Object for creation of other object.

So its like saying - If you want to create an object of ClassA, Talk to FactoryObject ( which is an object of FactoryClass ). FactoryObject in itself encapsulates the inputs and logic required to make the decision regarding the creation and construction of object.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     design pattern  factory design pattern     Asked in 9 Companies


 Q13. Can an application have multiple main methods within different classes ? If yes, How will the app decide which one to be executed ?Core Java2017-01-12 10:56:40

Ans. Yes we can have a main method with string[] argument in every class of an application. When we execute an app we specify the starting point i.e the class that will get the control first and hence main method of that class gets executed.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     main method     Asked in 3 Companies


Usually asked to entry level software developers.
  Q14. Write a program to swap two variables without using thirdCore Java2017-01-19 15:38:34

Ans. public static void main(String[] args) {
   int num1 = 1;   
   int num2 = 2;
   num1 = num1^num2;
   num2 = num1^num2;
   num1 = num1^num2;
   System.out.print("num1 = " + num1 +", num2 = "+num2);
}

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     code  coding     Asked in 37 Companies      basic        frequent


 Q15. Explain Hibernate caching mechanismHibernate2018-11-14 12:53:50

Ans. Every fresh session having its own cache memory, Caching is a mechanism for storing the loaded objects into cache memory. The advantage of cache mechanism is, whenever again we want to load the same object from the database then instead of hitting the database once again, it loads from the local cache memory only, so that the no. of round trips between an application and a database server got decreased. It means caching mechanism increases the performance of the application.

In hibernate we have two levels of caching

First Level Cache [ or ] Session Cache
Second Level Cache [ or ] Session Factory Cache [ or ] JVM Level Cache

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve          Asked in 23 Companies



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