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Interview Questions and Answers for 'Trimax IT Infrastructure' - 10 question(s) found - Order By Newest

  Q1. Explain OOPs Core Java2017-06-13 08:25:45

Ans. OOPs or Object Oriented Programming is a Programming model which is organized around Objects instead of processes. Instead of a process calling series of processes, this model stresses on communication between objects. Objects that all self sustained, provide security by encapsulating it's members and providing abstracted interfaces over the functions it performs. OOP's facilitate the following features

1. Inheritance for Code Reuse
2. Abstraction for modularity, maintenance and agility
3. Encapsulation for security and protected
4. Polymorphism for flexibility and interfacing

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Basic and Very Frequently asked.
  Q2. What is Polymorphism in Java ?Core Java2016-11-06 09:10:54

Ans. Polymorphism means the condition of occurring in several different forms.

Polymorphism in Java is achieved in two manners

1. Static polymorphism is the polymorphic resolution identified at compile time and is achieved through function overloading whereas

2. Dynamic polymorphism is the polymorphic resolution identified at runtime and is achieved through method overriding.

  Sample Code for overloading

  Sample Code for overriding

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Usually asked in relation to casting and ClassCastException.
 Q3. What is instanceOf operator ? Explain it's use ?Core Java2017-06-12 07:58:22

Ans. The operator instanceOf is used to verify if the specified object is the instance of specified class or interface.

Syntax if(x instanceOf ABC)

where x is an object reference and ABC could be a class name or interface name. The above statement will be true if x holds an object that is an instance of ABC or any of the child class of ABC or if x holds an object that implements ABC.

instanceOf operator is used to verify in case of downcasting. For ex -

DerivedClass extends BaseClass

x is the reference of BaseClass but holds DerivedClass object ( Polymorphism )

There is an operation that is defined in Derived Class, let's say derivedClassMethod()

We cannot call derivedClassMethod() directly using x as x is reference of BaseClass and not DerivedClass and hence can only access methods that are defined in BaseClass and overridden in derived class.

Though we can cast it to DerivedClass as following
((DerivedClass)x).derivedClassMethod();

But it may throw ClassCastException in case x doesn't hold an instance of DerivedClass at that point.

So before casting it to DerivedClass we may like to make sure that it is an instance of DerivedClass and hence won't throw ClassCastException.

So we make a check for it

if(x instanceOf DerivedClass) {
((DerivedClass)x).derivedClassMethod();
}

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   Like      Discuss      Correct / Improve     instanceOf  instanceOf operator  Why we need instanceOf operator  use of instanceOf operator     Trimax IT Infrastructure & Services   ultramain      Intermediate        frequent


  Q4. What is a String Pool ?Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. String pool (String intern pool) is a special storage area in Java heap. When a string is created and if the string already exists in the pool, the reference of the existing string will be returned, instead of creating a new object and returning its reference.

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 Q5. How can we manage Error Messages in the web application ?Solution
Anonymous
Ans. Within message.properties file.

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   Like      Discuss      Correct / Improve     j2ee   web application   struts   spring     Trimax IT Infrastructure


  Q6. Write a method to check if input String is Palindrome?Core Java
Admin
info@buggybread.com
Ans. private static boolean isPalindrome(String str) {

if (str == null)
return false;

StringBuilder strBuilder = new StringBuilder(str);

strBuilder.reverse();

return strBuilder.toString().equals(str);

}

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Frequently asked in CTS ( Based on 2 feedback )
  Q7. What is the difference between comparable and comparator in java.util pkg?Core Java
Admin
info@buggybread.com
Ans. Comparable interface is used for single sequence sorting i.e.sorting the objects based on single data member where as comparator interface is used to sort the object based on multiple data members.

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 Q8. What is JVM ?Core Java2017-04-07 10:16:18

Ans. JVM (Java Virtual Machine) is an abstract machine. It is a specification that provides runtime environment in which java bytecode can be executed.JVMs are available for many hardware and software platforms (i.e. JVM is platform dependent).Runtime Instance Whenever you write java command on the command prompt to run the java class, an instance of JVM is createdThe JVM performs following operation:Loads codeVerifies codeExecutes codeProvides runtime environment

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 Q9. What is the use of final keyword ?Core Java2017-06-08 06:17:54

Ans. final keyword is a modifier that means differently when applied to variables, methods and classes.

1. Final variable cannot be changed once initialized
2. Final method cannot be overridden
3. Final class cannot be sub classed

  Sample Code for final variable

  Sample Code for final method

  Sample Code for final class

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   Like      Discuss      Correct / Improve     final  final keyword     Trimax IT Infrastructure & Services      Basic        frequent



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Very frequently asked. Usually among very first few questions.
 Q10. Define encapsulation in Java ?Core Java2017-06-12 07:55:47

Ans. Encapsulation is a feature of OOP's that binds the data and it's associated methods together as a single unit and facilitate protection and data hiding by providing minimal interface to outside. For example - member variables are declared private and are accessed through public methods. Moreover we have private methods that can only be used internally and hence providing minimal interface to outside class through use of public methods.

  Sample Code for encapsulation

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