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Core Java - Interview Questions and Answers for 'Oops features' - 9 question(s) found - Order By Newest

  Q1. Explain OOPs

or

Explain OOPs Principles

or

Explain OOPs Concepts

or

Explain OOPs features

or

Tell me something about OOPs
Core Java2017-06-13 08:25:45

Ans. OOPs or Object Oriented Programming is a Programming model which is organized around Objects instead of processes. Instead of a process calling series of processes, this model stresses on communication between objects. Objects that all self sustained, provide security by encapsulating it's members and providing abstracted interfaces over the functions it performs. OOP's facilitate the following features

1. Inheritance for Code Reuse
2. Abstraction for modularity, maintenance and agility
3. Encapsulation for security and protected
4. Polymorphism for flexibility and interfacing

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 Q2. Can you give a real world example of Encapsulation and Abstraction ?Core Java2016-05-29 13:47:31

Ans. Car Engine is an example of encapsulation and abstraction. You ignite the car using an interface called starter and least bothered about how the tire actually moves (This is abstraction). The engine encapsulates the complete process to itself only and doesn't allow you to start the other components like the radiator etc ( this is excapsulation )

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 Q3. Which of the following Java feature promotes access protection or Hiding ?

a. Inheritance
b. Encapsulation
c. Abstraction
d. Composition
Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. Encapsulation

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Very frequently asked. Usually among very first few questions.
 Q4. Define encapsulation in Java ?Core Java2017-06-12 07:55:47

Ans. Encapsulation is a feature of OOP's that binds the data and it's associated methods together as a single unit and facilitate protection and data hiding by providing minimal interface to outside. For example - member variables are declared private and are accessed through public methods. Moreover we have private methods that can only be used internally and hence providing minimal interface to outside class through use of public methods.

  Sample Code for encapsulation

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 Q5. Give an example of how Object Oriented Programming Concepts can be implemented.Design2017-06-18 06:45:37

 This question was recently asked at 'Accenture,Accenture India'.This question is still unanswered. Can you please provide an answer.


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 Q6. Which of the OOP's features facilitate dependency injection ? Design2017-08-06 19:11:22

Ans. Inheritance , Runtime Polymorphism and Composition.

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 Q7. Which of the OOP's feature - encapsulation or abstraction - is more important ?Core Java2018-03-10 09:19:23

Ans. Encapsulation facilitates security by hiding data and logic whereas Abstraction simplifies organization of data and related logic.

As applications scale, both concepts are required for easy management and maintenance. Encapsulation for security and criss cross communication between objects / modules will make it vulnerable. and Abstraction for better organization that enables better understanding of application code and easy maintainability.

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 Q8. Which of the polymorphism type - static or runtime - is more important ?Core Java2018-03-10 09:22:01

Ans. Method overloading / static polymorphism compared to method overriding / runtime polymorphism has very limited usage as it just opens up an alternate way of defining a different method with the same name.

Method Overriding on other hand opens up many other features like contracting , interfacing , pluging development and hence development of libraries and frameworks.

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 Q9. Which of the OOP's feature is most important ?Core Java2018-03-10 09:23:50

Ans. Encapsulation facilitate hiding and restricted access and hence more of a security feature. Encapsulation is definitely a great feature as when applications expand criss cross communication between objects / modules could lead to blunders.

Inheritance facilitates code reuse.

Polymorphism comprise of method overloaded ( which to me is negligible usage ) and method overriding. Method overriding is of great usage as it facilitates concept of interfaces and plugin development.

So it’s Security / Organization vs

Code Reuse / Support for other features like overriding vs

Contracts / Plugin Development facilitating the creation of frameworks / libraries.

Which is more important may vary from application to application , its scale , its use , its sensitivity etc.

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