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Core java - Interview Questions and Answers for 'Accenture' - 37 question(s) found - Order By Newest

Very frequently asked. Favorite question in Walk in Drive of many Indian service companies. Frequently asked in HCL Technologies, TCS and Accenture.
  Q1. What is the difference between final, finally and finalize() ?Core Java
Admin
info@buggybread.com
Ans. final - constant variable, objects cannot be de-referenced, restricting method overriding, restricting class sub classing.

finally - handles exception. The finally block is optional and provides a mechanism to clean up regardless of what happens within the try block. Use the finally block to close files or to release other system resources like database connections, statements etc.

finalize() - method helps in garbage collection. A method that is invoked before an object is discarded by the garbage collector, allowing it to clean up its state.

  Sample Code for final

  Sample Code for finally

  Sample Code for finalize

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Very frequently asked. Favorite question in Walk in Drive of many Indian service companies.
  Q2. What is the difference between ArrayList and LinkedList ?Core Java
admin
info@buggybread.com
Ans. Underlying data structure for ArrayList is Array whereas LinkedList is the linked list and hence have following differences -

1. ArrayList needs continuous memory locations and hence need to be moved to a bigger space if new elements are to be added to a filled array which is not required for LinkedList.

2. Removal and Insertion at specific place in ArrayList requires moving all elements and hence leads to O(n) insertions and removal whereas its constant O(1) for LinkedList.

3. Random access using index in ArrayList is faster than LinkedList which requires traversing the complete list through references.

4. Though Linear Search takes Similar Time for both, Binary Search using LinkedList requires creating new Model called Binary Search Tree which is slower but offers constant time insertion and deletion.

5. For a set of integers you want to sort using quicksort, it's probably faster to use an array; for a set of large structures you want to sort using selection sort, a linked list will be faster.

  Sample Code for ArrayList

  Sample Code for LinkedList

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Very frequently asked. Favorite question in Walk in Drive of many Indian service companies.
  Q3. Difference between TreeMap and HashMap ?Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. They are different the way their elements are stored in memory. TreeMap stores the Keys in order whereas HashMap stores the key value pairs randomly.

  Sample Code for treemap

  Sample Code for hashmap

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Very frequently asked across all types of companies.
  Q4. Difference between HashMap and Hashtable?Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. Hashtable is synchronized whereas HashMap is not.HashMap allows null values whereas Hashtable doesnt allow null values.

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Very Frequently asked. Have been asked in HCL Technologies very frequently ( based on 3 feedback ). Among first few questions in many interviews.
  Q5. Differences between abstract class and interface ?Core Java
Admin
info@buggybread.com
Ans. Abstract classes can have both abstract methods ( method declarations ) as well as concrete methods ( inherited to the derived classes ) whereas Interfaces can only have abstract methods ( method declarations ).

A class can extend single abstract class whereas it can implement multiple interfaces.

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Basic and Very Frequently asked.
  Q6. What is Polymorphism in Java ?Core Java2016-11-06 09:10:54

Ans. Polymorphism means the condition of occurring in several different forms.

Polymorphism in Java is achieved in two manners

1. Static polymorphism is the polymorphic resolution identified at compile time and is achieved through function overloading whereas

2. Dynamic polymorphism is the polymorphic resolution identified at runtime and is achieved through method overriding.

  Sample Code for overloading

  Sample Code for overriding

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Very Frequently asked across all type of companies and across all levels.
  Q7. Difference between Public, Private, Default and Protected ?Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. Private - Not accessible outside object scope.

Public - Accessible from anywhere.

Default - Accessible from anywhere within same package.

Protected - Accessible from object and the sub class objects.

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Very frequently asked. Favorite question in Walk in Drive of many Indian service companies.
  Q8. What is a Final Variable ?Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. Final variable is a variable constant that cannot be changed after initialization.

  Sample Code for final variable

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Very frequently asked. Favorite question in Walk in Drive of many Indian service companies.
  Q9. What is a final method ?Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. Its a method which cannot be overridden. Compiler throws an error if we try to override a method which has been declared final in the parent class.

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Very Frequently asked to fresh graduates and less experienced. Favorite question in Walk in drives. Frequently asked in Indian Services companies.
  Q10. Difference between Overloading and Overriding ?Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. Overloading - Similar Signature but different definition , like function overloading.

Overriding - Overriding the Definition of base class in the derived class.

  Sample Code for overloading

  Sample Code for overriding

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  Q11. Difference between Vector and ArrayList ?Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. Vectors are synchronized whereas Array lists are not.

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Very frequently asked in phone and walk in interviews.
  Q12. What are Marker Interfaces ? Name few Java marker interfaces ?Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. These are the interfaces which have no declared methods.Serializable and cloneable are marker interfaces.

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Advanced level question. Recently asked in few Indian service companies ( Based on 3 inputs )
 Q13. What are various types of Class loaders used by JVM ?Core Java
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Ans. Bootstrap - Loads JDK internal classes, java.* packages.

Extensions - Loads jar files from JDK extensions directory - usually lib/ext directory of the JRE

System - Loads classes from system classpath.

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 Q14. What is the use of Transient Keyword ?Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. It in Java is used to indicate that a field should not be serialized.

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Very Frequently asked. Usually asked along with String Class related questions.
  Q15. What is an immutable class ?Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. Class using which only immutable (objects that cannot be changed after initialization) objects can be created.

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Very frequently asked. Usually difference between String,StringBuffer and StringBuilder is asked in different variations.
  Q16. Difference between StringBuffer and StringBuilder ?Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. StringBuffer is synchronized whereas StringBuilder is not.

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 Q17. Is it necessary that each try block to be followed by catch block ? Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. It should be followed by either catch or finally block.

  Sample Code for Retry in case of exception

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 Q18. How is Abstraction implemented in Java ?Core Java
Admin
info@buggybread.com
Ans. Abstraction is provided in Java by following ways -

Coding to the ( Interfaces / Abstract Classes ) or contracts

By Encapsulating details within classes and exposing the minimal Door ( few public methods )

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 Q19. How can we ensure thread safety in static method ?Core Java2017-08-27 07:49:53

Ans. By using synchronized static method or synchronized block

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Frequently asked at HCL Technologies ( Based on 3 feedback )
  Q20. Difference between Checked and Unchecked exceptions ?Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. Checked exceptions are the exceptions for which compiler throws an errors if they are not checked whereas unchecked exceptions are caught during run time only and hence can't be checked.

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Frequently asked.
  Q21. What is an Iterator?Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. Iterator is an interface that provides methods to iterate over any Collection.

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 Q22. What are transient variables in java?Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. Transient variables are variable that cannot be serialized.

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Frequently asked in CTS ( Based on 2 feedback )
  Q23. What is the difference between comparable and comparator in java.util pkg?Core Java
Admin
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Ans. Comparable interface is used for single sequence sorting i.e.sorting the objects based on single data member where as comparator interface is used to sort the object based on multiple data members.

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  Q24. What is the use of HashCode in objects ?Core Java
Admin
info@buggybread.com
Ans. Hashcode is used for bucketing in Hash implementations like HashMap, HashTable, HashSet etc.

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 Q25. Which of the collections allows null as the key ?

a. HashTable
b. HashMap
c. TreeMap
d. LinkedHashMap
Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. HashTable

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  Q26. How are values passed in Java ? By value or reference ?Core Java

Ans. Java only provides pass by value.

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Must know at all levels. Among Top 10 frequently asked questions in Java. Very frequently asked to fresh graduates or less experienced professionals.
  Q27. What is Inheritance ?Core Java

Ans. Its a facility for code reuse and independent extension wherein a derived class inherits the properties of parent class.

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Very frequently asked to fresh graduates.
 Q28. Write a program to Generate prime numbers till a given numberCore Java

Ans. public class Main {
public static void main(String args[]) {
int number = 2;
int count = 0;
long sum = 0;
int givenNumber = 1000;
while (count < givenNumber) {
if (isPrimeNumber(number)) {
sum = number;
count;
}
number;
}
System.out.println(sum);
}
private static boolean isPrimeNumber(int number) {
for (int i = 2; i <= number / 2; i) {
if (number % i == 0) {
return false;
}
}
return true;
}
}

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 Q29. What are the benefits of Enums ?Core Java2016-09-07 09:05:01

Ans. Enums in Java are used to declare predefined objects and then reuse them. they offer many benefits

1. Enum instance are type safe and thread safe.

2. Enum instances are singleton and hence reused.

3. If we use Enums with Switch , It makes sure that the passed argument is either of its instance and hence provides a safeguard.

4. If we use Enum with Sorted Collections we can sort the elements with a predefined priorities ( as per constant declaration in enum )

5. We can use Enum as a Factory by defining its constructor.

6. We can store related constant data within enum. For example - If we know the values for the map upfront, we can alternatively use an enum.

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  Q30. Difference between Array and ArrayList ?Core Java2016-12-15 14:13:12

Ans. <a href="http://javahungry.blogspot.com/2015/03/difference-between-array-and-arraylist-in-java-example.html" rel="nofollow">http://javahungry.blogspot.com/2015/03/difference-between-array-and-arraylist-in-java-example.html</a>

  Sample Code for ArrayList

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 Q31. Difference between Error and Exception ?Core Java2016-12-15 14:13:56

Ans. An Error indicates serious problems that a reasonable application should not try to catch whereas

An Exception indicates conditions that a reasonable application might want to catch.

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  Q32. What is an exception and exception handling in Java ?Core Java2017-01-09 13:01:40

Ans. An Exception in java is the occurrence during computation that is anomalous and is not expected.

Exception handling is the mechanism which is used to handle such situations.


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 Q33. What is the use of constructors in Java ?Core Java2017-04-07 10:13:18

Ans. Constructors are used to initialize the state of an object. If there are no constructor , objects won't have any initialized state and hence it's elements may contain garbage values. If the memory were used as is, the behavior of the object would also be unpredictable.

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 Q34. why aren't arrays better than array list ?Core Java2017-05-31 11:42:53

Ans. 1. Arrays don't provide any built in support for sorting searching like operation and we need to do it explicitly.

2. It can hold only homogeneous objects,

3. We have to reserve memory as no dynamic expansion allowed.

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Very frequently asked. Usually among very first few questions.
 Q35. Define encapsulation in Java ?Core Java2017-06-12 07:55:47

Ans. Encapsulation is a feature of OOP's that binds the data and it's associated methods together as a single unit and facilitate protection and data hiding by providing minimal interface to outside. For example - member variables are declared private and are accessed through public methods. Moreover we have private methods that can only be used internally and hence providing minimal interface to outside class through use of public methods.

  Sample Code for encapsulation

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 Q36. Explain Generics in Java ?Core Java2017-08-01 12:00:02

Ans. Generics are a facility of generic programming that were added to the Java programming language in 2004 within J2SE5.0. They allow "a type or method to operate on objects of various types while providing compile-time type safety.

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  Q37. What is collection framework in Java ?Core Java2017-12-27 19:17:14

Ans. The Java collections framework (JCF) is a set of classes and interfaces that implement commonly reusable collection data structures. Although referred to as a framework, it works in a manner of a library. The JCF provides both interfaces that define various collections and classes that implement them.

  Sample Code for Map

  Sample Code for HashMap

  Sample Code for Treemap

  Sample Code for set

  Sample Code for hashset

  Sample Code for treeset

  Sample Code for list

  Sample Code for arraylist

  Sample Code for linkedlist

  Sample Code for queue

  Sample Code for priorityqueue

  Sample Code for concurrenthashmap

  Sample Code for vector

  Sample Code for stack

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