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Solution - Interview Questions and Answers for 'Emc' - 2 question(s) found - Order By Newest

Very frequently asked. Favorite question in Walk in Drive of many Indian service companies.
  Q1. What is the difference between ArrayList and LinkedList ?Core Java
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Ans. Underlying data structure for ArrayList is Array whereas LinkedList is the linked list and hence have following differences -

1. ArrayList needs continuous memory locations and hence need to be moved to a bigger space if new elements are to be added to a filled array which is not required for LinkedList.

2. Removal and Insertion at specific place in ArrayList requires moving all elements and hence leads to O(n) insertions and removal whereas its constant O(1) for LinkedList.

3. Random access using index in ArrayList is faster than LinkedList which requires traversing the complete list through references.

4. Though Linear Search takes Similar Time for both, Binary Search using LinkedList requires creating new Model called Binary Search Tree which is slower but offers constant time insertion and deletion.

5. For a set of integers you want to sort using quicksort, it's probably faster to use an array; for a set of large structures you want to sort using selection sort, a linked list will be faster.

  Sample Code for ArrayList

  Sample Code for LinkedList

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     collections   java   data structures   arraylist   linkedlist     Asked in 61 Companies      Basic        frequent

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Advanced level question frequently asked in US based companies. Recently asked in EMC and Intuit.
  Q2. Can you provide some implementation of a Dictionary having large number of words ? Solution
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info@buggybread.com
Ans. Simplest implementation we can have is a List wherein we can place ordered words and hence can perform Binary Search.

Other implementation with better search performance is to use HashMap with key as first character of the word and value as a LinkedList.

Further level up, we can have linked Hashmaps like ,

hashmap {
a ( key ) -> hashmap (key-aa , value (hashmap(key-aaa,value)
b ( key ) -> hashmap (key-ba , value (hashmap(key-baa,value)
....................................................................................
z( key ) -> hashmap (key-za , value (hashmap(key-zaa,value)
}

upto n levels ( where n is the average size of the word in dictionary.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     java   collections   hashmap   binary search   search algorithm   advanced   architecture   data structure     Asked in 6 Companies        frequent

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