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Interview Questions and Answers for 'Infor' - 32 question(s) found - Order By Newest

Very frequently asked. Among first few questions in almost all interviews. Among Top 5 frequently asked questions. Frequently asked in Indian service companies (HCL,TCS,Infosys,Capgemini etc based on multiple feedback )
  Q1. Difference between == and .equals() ?Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. "equals" is the method of object class which is supposed to be overridden to check object equality, whereas "==" operator evaluate to see if the object handlers on the left and right are pointing to the same object in memory.

x.equals(y) means the references x and y are holding objects that are equal. x==y means that the references x and y have same object.

Sample code:

String x = new String("str");
String y = new String("str");

System.out.println(x == y); // prints false
System.out.println(x.equals(y)); // prints true

  Sample Code for equals

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     java   string comparison   string   object class   ==    equals   object equality  operator     Asked in 289 Companies      basic        frequent

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Advanced level question. Frequently asked in High end product companies. Frequently asked in Cognizant and Deloitte ( Based on 2 feedback )
  Q2. Why is String immutable in Java ?Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. 1. String Pool - When a string is created and if it exists in the pool, the reference of the existing string will be returned instead of creating a new object. If string is not immutable, changing the string with one reference will lead to the wrong value for the other references.

Example -

String str1 = "String1";
String str2 = "String1"; // It doesn't create a new String and rather reuses the string literal from pool

// Now both str1 and str2 pointing to same string object in pool, changing str1 will change it for str2 too

2. To Cache its Hashcode - If string is not immutable, One can change its hashcode and hence it's not fit to be cached.

3. Security - String is widely used as parameter for many java classes, e.g. network connection, opening files, etc. Making it mutable might possess threats due to interception by the other code segment.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     java   oops   string   string class   immutable  immutability   advanced     Asked in 35 Companies      expert        frequent

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Very frequently asked. Favorite question in Walk in Drive of many Indian service companies. Frequently asked in HCL Technologies, TCS and Accenture.
  Q3. What is the difference between final, finally and finalize() ?Core Java
Admin
info@buggybread.com
Ans. final - constant variable, objects cannot be de-referenced, restricting method overriding, restricting class sub classing.

finally - handles exception. The finally block is optional and provides a mechanism to clean up regardless of what happens within the try block. Use the finally block to close files or to release other system resources like database connections, statements etc.

finalize() - method helps in garbage collection. A method that is invoked before an object is discarded by the garbage collector, allowing it to clean up its state.

  Sample Code for final

  Sample Code for finally

  Sample Code for finalize

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     java   oops   final   finally   finalize     Asked in 60 Companies      basic        frequent

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  Q4. Explain OOPs

or

Explain OOPs Principles

or

Explain OOPs Concepts

or

Explain OOPs features

or

Tell me something about OOPs
Core Java2017-06-13 08:25:45

Ans. OOPs or Object Oriented Programming is a Programming model which is organized around Objects instead of processes. Instead of a process calling series of processes, this model stresses on communication between objects. Objects that all self sustained, provide security by encapsulating it's members and providing abstracted interfaces over the functions it performs. OOP's facilitate the following features

1. Inheritance for Code Reuse
2. Abstraction for modularity, maintenance and agility
3. Encapsulation for security and protection
4. Polymorphism for flexibility and interfacing

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     oops  oops features     Asked in 235 Companies      basic        frequent


Basic and Very Frequently asked.
  Q5. What is Polymorphism in Java ?Core Java2016-11-06 09:10:54

Ans. Polymorphism means the condition of occurring in several different forms.

Polymorphism in Java is achieved in two manners

1. Static polymorphism is the polymorphic resolution identified at compile time and is achieved through function overloading whereas

2. Dynamic polymorphism is the polymorphic resolution identified at runtime and is achieved through method overriding.

  Sample Code for overloading

  Sample Code for overriding

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     polymorphism  object oriented programming (oops)  oops concepts  oops concepts     Asked in 107 Companies      Basic        frequent

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Very Frequently asked to fresh graduates and less experienced. Favorite question in Walk in drives. Frequently asked in Indian Services companies.
  Q6. Difference between Overloading and Overriding ?Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. Overloading - Similar Signature but different definition , like function overloading.

Overriding - Overriding the Definition of base class in the derived class.

  Sample Code for overloading

  Sample Code for overriding

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     java   oops   overloading   overriding   oops concepts   basic interview question     Asked in 82 Companies      basic        frequent

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  Q7. Difference between Vector and ArrayList ?Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. Vectors are synchronized whereas Array lists are not.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     java   basic interview question   vector   arraylist   collections   synchronization     Asked in 34 Companies      basic        frequent


Very frequently asked in phone and walk in interviews.
  Q8. What are Marker Interfaces ? Name few Java marker interfaces ?Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. These are the interfaces which have no declared methods.Serializable and cloneable are marker interfaces.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     java   oops   interfaces   marker interface   serializable   clonable     Asked in 21 Companies      intermediate        frequent

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 Q9. Which of the following Java feature promotes access protection or Hiding ?

a. Inheritance
b. Encapsulation
c. Abstraction
d. Composition
Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. Encapsulation

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     java   java concepts   java features   oops concepts   oops features   access protection   information hiding


 Q10. Why Java is not considered pure OOP's language ?Core Java

Ans. There are 2 reasons for it.

1. Usage of Primitive types - Though Java provides classes for the primitive data types but as the usage of primitives is permissible, its considered unpure OOP's language.

2. Usage of Static members - Static members belong to the class and not objects and hence not considered fit for pure OOP's programming.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     oops  object oriented programming  object oriented language  primitive data types     Asked in 2 Companies


Frequently asked question for intermediate developers.
  Q11. What is Volatile keyword used for ?Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. Volatile is a declaration that a variable can be accessed by multiple threads and hence shouldnt be cached.

  Sample Code for volatile

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     java   oops   synchronization   volatile   java keywords     Asked in 42 Companies      intermediate        frequent

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 Q12. What is PermGen or Permanent Generation ?Core Java
Admin
info@buggybread.com
Ans. The memory pool containing all the reflective data of the java virtual machine itself, such as class and method objects. With Java VMs that use class data sharing, this generation is divided into read-only and read-write areas. The Permanent generation contains metadata required by the JVM to describe the classes and methods used in the application. The permanent generation is populated by the JVM at runtime based on classes in use by the application. In addition, Java SE library classes and methods may be stored here.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     java   jvm   memory management   permgen   permanent generation   advanced   architecture     Asked in 9 Companies      expert


Very frequently asked in HCL Tech ( Based of 4 inputs )
  Q13. Write a program to reverse a string iteratively and recursively ?Core Java
Admin
info@buggybread.com
Ans. Using String method -

new StringBuffer(str).reverse().toString();

Iterative -

public static String getReverseString(String str){
StringBuffer strBuffer = new StringBuffer(str.length);
for(int counter=str.length -1 ; counter>=0;counter--){
strBuffer.append(str.charAt(counter));
}
return strBuffer;
}

Recursive -

public static String getReverseString(String str){
if(str.length <= 1){
return str;
}
return (getReverseString(str.subString(1)) + str.charAt(0);
}

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     java   string   reverse   stringbuffer   string class   code     Asked in 6 Companies        frequent


  Q14. What is a self Join and give an example of a self Join ?

or

What is self Join and What is it's purpose ?
Database2016-06-30 20:13:35

Ans. When a Table Join itself , it's a Self Join. For example - we like to know the pair of department names where first dept has lesser employees than the later.

Select D1.name , D2.name from Dept D1, Dept D2 where D1.employee_count < D2.employee_count

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     sql  joins  self join  self-join  Pair of employee names with first having lesser salary than later  Pair of department names where first dept has lesser employees than the later     Asked in 26 Companies      basic        frequent


Very frequently asked. Usually asked in this format or as difference with interfaces / concrete classes.
  Q15. What is an abstract class ?Core Java2017-01-10 13:12:20

Ans. Abstract class is the class that is not supposed to be instantiated. The purpose of the class to only have extension to the derived class.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     abstract class     Asked in 6 Companies      basic        frequent


 Q16. What are the phases of the JSP life cycle ?Java EE
Admin
info@buggybread.com
Ans. Translation of JSP PageCompilation of JSP PageClassloading (class file is loaded by the classloader)Instantiation (Object of the Generated Servlet is created).Initialization ( jspInit() method is invoked by the container).Reqeust processing ( _jspService() method is invoked by the container).Destroy ( jspDestroy() method is invoked by the container).

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     j2ee   servlets   servelets   web application   jsp   jsp life cycle   mindtree     Asked in 9 Companies


 Q17. Difference between Abstraction and Implementation hiding ?
Anonymous
Ans. Implementation Hiding is a broader concept. Abstraction is a way of implementation hiding in OOP's.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     java   oops   oops concepts   abstraction   hiding information   build management


Frequently asked to Fresh graduates.
 Q18. Write a program to implement Binary search ?Core Java2016-10-18 10:49:58

Ans. http://algs4.cs.princeton.edu/11model/BinarySearch.java.html

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     binary search  search     Asked in 5 Companies      basic        frequent

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 Q19. What are some alternates to keeping Audit Tables ?Database2016-07-14 14:24:37

Ans. Audit Tables generally stores Raw information to be reviewed in case of problems or determining impact. If Database space is an issue , and the audit information is rarely retrieved, one design could be to use compressed file system.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     databases   audit tables   raw transaction information storage     Asked in 1 Companies


Frequently asked in Accenture.
  Q20. What is your biggest achievement at work ?General2016-12-15 14:14:22

Ans. [Open Ended Answer]

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     general question  non technical question     Asked in 20 Companies        frequent


 Q21. What is the difference between ServletConfig and ServletContext ?Java EE2017-01-03 09:51:14

Ans. http://www.java4s.com/java-servlet-tutorials/difference-between-servletconfig-and-servletcontext-in-java/

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     ServletConfig  ServletContext     Asked in 1 Companies


 Q22. Is there any relationship between Web.xml and Spring.xml ?Spring2017-01-11 09:13:48

Ans. No, there is no relationship between web.xml and spring.xml but you have to configure spring.xml in web.xml in order initialize beans when application starts up

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     spring  web.xml  spring.xml  deployment descriptor     Asked in 1 Companies


 Q23. Write a Program to print factorial of a number using recursionCore Java2017-01-29 17:47:20

Ans. public class BuggyBread {
public static void main(String args[]) {
System.out.println(factorial(5));
}

private static int factorial(int number){
if(number == 1){
return 1;
} else {
return number * factorial(number - 1);
}
}
}

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     recursion     Asked in 24 Companies


  Q24. What are the core OOPs concepts ?Core Java2017-02-06 16:15:55

Ans. Abstraction, Encapsulation, Polymorphism , Composition and Inheritance

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     core oops concepts     Asked in 64 Companies      basic        frequent


 Q25. Explain OOPS.Core Java2017-04-20 19:58:24

 This question was recently asked at 'Acute Informatics,General Atomics'.This question is still unanswered. Can you please provide an answer.


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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve          Asked in 2 Companies


 Q26. Can you write the code for implementing the one to many (student -> courses) relationship in hibernate?Hibernate2017-09-30 07:23:32

 This question was recently asked at 'Fidelity Information Services (FIS)'.This question is still unanswered. Can you please provide an answer.


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 Q27. Can you explain software design principles cohesion and coupling with an example?Design2017-09-30 07:24:10

 This question was recently asked at 'Fidelity Information Services (FIS)'.This question is still unanswered. Can you please provide an answer.


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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     cohesion  coupling     Asked in 1 Companies        frequent


 Q28. What is abstraction ?2017-10-13 09:23:38

Ans. Abstraction is a process of hiding the implementation details and describing only the functionality to the user.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve          Asked in 20 Companies


  Q29. What are the types of authentication used in Web services ?Web Service2018-07-14 11:02:27

Ans. Encrypted User Name / Password
Encrypted Password within Cookie
Encrypted Tokens
IP
Client Certificates
Oauth

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     authentication  security  web service     Asked in 12 Companies      basic        frequent


 Q30. Is java fully platform independent ?Core Java2018-08-27 13:13:05

 This question was recently asked at 'National Informatics Centre (NIC)'.This question is still unanswered. Can you please provide an answer.


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 Q31. Which s/w is used for adhar card verification for amount transfer?2018-08-27 13:13:22

 This question was recently asked at 'National Informatics Centre (NIC)'.This question is still unanswered. Can you please provide an answer.


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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve          Asked in 1 Companies


 Q32. What is cluster ?2019-04-01 08:18:35

 This question was recently asked at 'idealake information technologies'.This question is still unanswered. Can you please provide an answer.


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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve          Asked in 1 Companies




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