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Design - Interview Questions and Answers for 'Ncr' - 2 question(s) found - Order By Newest

Almost sure to be asked in every company using any Dependency Injection framework ( Spring, Guice etc )
  Q1. What is Dependency Injection or IOC ( Inversion of Control ) ?Design

Ans. It is a Design Pattern that facilitates loose coupling by sending the dependency information ( object references of dependent object ) while building the state of the object. Objects are designed in a manner where they receive instances of the objects from other pieces of code, instead of constructing them internally and hence provide better flexibility.

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Related Questions

  Name few Dependency Injection frameworks ?
 What are different types of dependency injections ?
  What are the various Auto Wiring types in Spring ?
  What is the difference betweeen @Inject and @Autowired ?
 Which of the following Java features facilitates Dependency Injection - Inheritance or Composition ?
 What are the different ways in which dependency injection can be done using Spring Framework ?
 Difference between constructor and setter injection ?
 What are the benefits of Dependency Injection or IOC ?
 Which of the OOP's features facilitate dependency injection ?


Very frequently asked. Usually followed by questions related to private constructor and synchronized access. Frequently asked in JPMorgan and TCS (Based on 2 feedback)
  Q2. Explain Singleton Design Pattern ?Design
Admin
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Ans. http://www.buggybread.com/2014/03/java-design-pattern-singleton-interview.html

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Related Questions

 Difference between Static and Singleton Class ?
 What is the difference between these two approaches of creating singleton Class ?

//Double Checked Locking Code
public static Singleton createInstance() {
   if(singleton == null){
      synchronized(Singleton.class) {
         if(singleton == null) {
            singleton = new Singleton();
         }
      }
   }
   return singleton;
}

//Single checked locking code
public static Singleton createInstance() {
   synchronized(Singleton.class) {
      if(singleton == null) {
         singleton = new Singleton();
      }
   }
   return singleton;
}
  When should we use prototype scope and singleton scope for beans ?
  Shouldn't we make a class with all static members is its just expected to be executed as a standalone program with just one thread. Moreover Lets assume that there is no runtime Polymorphism required and there is no need for serialization ?
  Should we have instance variables in the Spring Bean which has been scoped as Singleton ?
  What are stateless objects ? How are they different from immutable objects ? Which of these two is thread safe ?
  Action Class is singleton and hence not thread safe in ..
  Which of the following is not the difference between Singleton and Static class ( Class with static members only ) ?
 Which of the following do you think is the primary reason you would never use a static class even the application doesn't need multiple requests or threads ?

a. Serialization
b. Runtime Polymorphism
c. Lazy Loading
d. Memory




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