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Design - Interview Questions and Answers for 'Hcl' - 11 question(s) found - Order By Newest

Very frequently asked. Among first few questions in almost all interviews. Among Top 5 frequently asked questions. Frequently asked in Indian service companies (HCL,TCS,Infosys,Capgemini etc based on multiple feedback )
  Q1. Difference between == and .equals() ?Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. "equals" is the method of object class which is supposed to be overridden to check object equality, whereas "==" operator evaluate to see if the object handlers on the left and right are pointing to the same object in memory.

x.equals(y) means the references x and y are holding objects that are equal. x==y means that the references x and y have same object.

Sample code:

String x = new String("str");
String y = new String("str");

System.out.println(x == y); // prints false
System.out.println(x.equals(y)); // prints true

  Sample Code for equals

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     java   string comparison   string   object class   ==    equals   object equality  operator     Asked in 289 Companies      basic        frequent

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Very Frequently asked. Have been asked in HCL Technologies very frequently ( based on 3 feedback ). Among first few questions in many interviews.
  Q2. Differences between abstract class and interface ?Core Java
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Ans. Abstract classes can have both abstract methods ( method declarations ) as well as concrete methods ( inherited to the derived classes ) whereas Interfaces can only have abstract methods ( method declarations ).

A class can extend single abstract class whereas it can implement multiple interfaces.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     java   classes   abstract class   interfaces     Asked in 65 Companies      basic        frequent


Almost sure to be asked in every company using any Dependency Injection framework ( Spring, Guice etc )
  Q3. What is Dependency Injection or IOC ( Inversion of Control ) ?Design

Ans. It is a Design Pattern that facilitates loose coupling by sending the dependency information ( object references of dependent object ) while building the state of the object. Objects are designed in a manner where they receive instances of the objects from other pieces of code, instead of constructing them internally and hence provide better flexibility.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     design patterns   ioc ( Inversion of Control )  dependency injection     Asked in 80 Companies      intermediate        frequent


Very frequently asked.Usually among first few questions.
  Q4. What is MVC ? Design
Anonymous
Ans. MVC is a Design Pattern that facilititates loose coupling by segregating responsibilities in a Web application

1. Controller receives the requests and handles overall control of the request
2. Model holds majority of the Business logic, and
3. View comprise of the view objects and GUI component

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     j2ee   mvc   mvc design pattern   design pattern   struts   spring   web application   web frameworks   ebay     Asked in 60 Companies      basic        frequent

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  Q5. What is the use of Transient Keyword ?Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. It in Java is used to indicate that a field should not be serialized.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     java   oops   serialization   transient   java keywords     Asked in 38 Companies      intermediate        frequent

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  Q6. What is coupling and Cohesion ?Design2016-11-15 16:16:10

Ans. Coupling is the degree of interdependence between software modules, a measure of how closely connected two modules are or the strength of the relationships between modules.

Cohesion refers to the degree to which the elements of a module belong together. Cohesion measures the strength of relationship between pieces of functionality within a given module.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     coupling  cohesion     Asked in 10 Companies        frequent


Very frequently asked. Usually followed by questions related to private constructor and synchronized access. Frequently asked in JPMorgan and TCS (Based on 2 feedback)
  Q7. Explain Singleton Design Pattern ?Design
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Ans. http://www.buggybread.com/2014/03/java-design-pattern-singleton-interview.html

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     java   design pattern   singleton   at&t   ebay  fidelity india  united healthcare india     Asked in 46 Companies      intermediate        frequent


 Q8. What are the fail safe systems ?Operating System2016-06-09 09:29:43

Ans. Fail Safe systems are tolerant systems that continue processing even if they sense any problem. the objective here is to continue with the processing even if there are some problems instead of completely shutting it down. Example could be to catch an exception and still letting it complete with partial results.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     fail safe systems   system design   exception handling     Asked in 3 Companies


Frequently asked Design Pattern interview question.
 Q9. What is a prototype design pattern ?Design2016-11-04 08:06:01

Ans. The prototype pattern is a creational design pattern. It is used when the type of objects to create is determined by a prototypical instance, which is cloned to produce new objects. Prototype is used when we need duplicate copies of objects.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     design pattern  prototype design pattern  cloning     Asked in 11 Companies      intermediate


Very Frequently asked to Senior Software Engineers or Developers.
  Q10. Describe some of the Design Patterns you have used ?Design2016-12-01 16:31:17

Ans. [Open Ended Answer]

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     design patterns     Asked in 17 Companies      intermediate        frequent


 Q11. Tell me about thread pool?Design2018-08-30 08:38:45

Ans. Java provides its own implementations of the thread pool pattern, through objects called executors. These can be used through executor interfaces or directly through thread pool implementations which does allow for finer-grained control. The java.util.concurrent package contains the following interfaces:

Executor : a simple interface for executing tasks.ExecutorService a more complex interface which contains additional methods for managing the tasks and the executor itself.

ScheduledExecutorService: extends ExecutorService with methods for scheduling the execution of a task.Alongside these interfaces, the package also provides the Executors helper class for obtaining executor instances, as well as implementations for these interfaces.

Generally, a Java thread pool is composed of:

The pool of worker threads, responsible for managing the threads.
A thread factory that is responsible for creating new threads.
A queue of tasks waiting to be executed.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     thread pool     Asked in 1 Companies




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