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Interview Questions and Answers for 'Virtusa' - 17 question(s) found - Order By Newest

 Q1. Which of the following combination of keywords is illegal in Java ?

a. static and transient
b. transient and final
c. static and synchronized
d. abstract and final
Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. abstract and final

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  Q2. Explain OOPs

or

Explain OOPs Principles

or

Explain OOPs Concepts

or

Explain OOPs features

or

Tell me something about OOPs
Core Java2017-06-13 08:25:45

Ans. OOPs or Object Oriented Programming is a Programming model which is organized around Objects instead of processes. Instead of a process calling series of processes, this model stresses on communication between objects. Objects that all self sustained, provide security by encapsulating it's members and providing abstracted interfaces over the functions it performs. OOP's facilitate the following features

1. Inheritance for Code Reuse
2. Abstraction for modularity, maintenance and agility
3. Encapsulation for security and protected
4. Polymorphism for flexibility and interfacing

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  Q3. What is a String Pool ?Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. String pool (String intern pool) is a special storage area in Java heap. When a string is created and if the string already exists in the pool, the reference of the existing string will be returned, instead of creating a new object and returning its reference.

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Frequently asked question in companies using hibernate.
  Q4. Difference between first level and second level cache in hibernate ?Hibernate
Admin
info@buggybread.com
Ans. 1. First level cache is enabled by default whereas Second level cache needs to be enabled explicitly.

2. First level Cache came with Hibernate 1.0 whereas Second level cache came with Hibernate 3.0.

3. First level Cache is Session specific whereas Second level cache is shared by sessions that is why First level cache is considered local and second level cache is considered global.

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Frequently asked. Favorite question in Walk in Drive of many Indian service companies.
  Q5. What are the methods of Object Class ?Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. clone() - Creates and returns a copy of this object.

equals() - Indicates whether some other object is "equal to" this one.

finalize() - Called by the garbage collector on an object when garbage collection determines that there are no more references to the object.

getClass() - Returns the runtime class of an object.

hashCode() - Returns a hash code value for the object.

toString() - Returns a string representation of the object.

notify(), notifyAll(), and wait() - Play a part in synchronizing the activities of independently running threads in a program.

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Very Frequently asked. Have been asked in HCL Technologies very frequently ( based on 3 feedback ). Among first few questions in many interviews.
  Q6. Differences between abstract class and interface ?Core Java
Admin
info@buggybread.com
Ans. Abstract classes can have both abstract methods ( method declarations ) as well as concrete methods ( inherited to the derived classes ) whereas Interfaces can only have abstract methods ( method declarations ).

A class can extend single abstract class whereas it can implement multiple interfaces.

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 Q7. Explain java.lang.OutOfMemoryError ?Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. This Error is thrown when the Java Virtual Machine cannot allocate an object because it is out of memory, and no more memory could be made available by the garbage collector.

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 Q8. What is Generalization and Specialization in terms of casting ?Core Java
Admin
info@buggybread.com
Ans. Generalization or UpCasting is a phenomenon where a sub class is prompted to a super class, and hence becomes more general. Generalization needs widening or up-casting. Specialization or DownCasting is a phenomenon where a super class is narrowed down to a sub class. Specialization needs narrowing or down-casting.

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  Q9. What is reflection ?
Anonymous
Ans. It is the process of examining / modifying the behaviour of an object at runtime.

  Sample Code for reflection

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Frequently asked in CTS ( Based on 2 feedback )
  Q10. What is the difference between comparable and comparator in java.util pkg?Core Java
Admin
info@buggybread.com
Ans. Comparable interface is used for single sequence sorting i.e.sorting the objects based on single data member where as comparator interface is used to sort the object based on multiple data members.

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  Q11. What is the use of HashCode in objects ?Core Java
Admin
info@buggybread.com
Ans. Hashcode is used for bucketing in Hash implementations like HashMap, HashTable, HashSet etc.

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Frequently asked in face to face interviews.
  Q12. Write a program to print fibonacci series.Core Java

Ans. int count = 15;
int[] fibonacci = new int[count];
fibonacci[0] = 0;
fibonacci[1] = 1;
for(int x=2; x < count; x++){
fibonacci[x] = fibonacci[x-1] + fibonacci[x-2];
}

for(int x=0; x< count; x++){
System.out.print(fibonacci[x] + " ");
}

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 Q13. Why can't we declare a class abstract as well as final ?Core Java

Ans. Abstract means that the class is only meant to be subclassed whereas final means that it cannot be subclassed so both concepts - abstract and final are actually mutually exclusive and hence not permitted together.

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Frequently asked in high end product companies. Frequently asked in Deloitte.
  Q14. How is Hashmap internally implemented in Java ?Core Java2016-12-06 08:49:37

Ans. https://www.quora.com/How-is-Hashmap-in-Java-implemented-internally-What-are-the-pros-and-cons-to-use-it-What-are-the-complexities-it-provides-for-insert-delete-and-lookup/answer/Anshudeep-Bajpai?srid=iwnK

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Frequently asked in Accenture.
  Q15. What is your biggest achievement at work ?General2016-12-15 14:14:22

Ans. [Open Ended Answer]

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 Q16. Write a Program to find number of lines , words and characters in a File.Core Java2018-02-08 13:14:12

 This question was recently asked at 'Virtusa'.This question is still unanswered. Can you please provide an answer.


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 Q17. What is the use of load-on-startup ?Design2018-07-14 11:01:30

Ans. The load-on-startup element of web-app loads the servlet at the time of deployment or server start if value is positive. It is also known as pre initialization of servlet.You can pass positive and negative value for the servlet.

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