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Very frequently asked. Usually asked in different variants like Diff between StringBuffer , String Builder ; Difference between StringBuilder and String class; Choice between these classes etc.
  Q31. What is the difference between StringBuffer and String class ?Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. A string buffer implements a mutable sequence of characters. A string buffer is like a String, but can be modified. At any point in time it contains some particular sequence of characters, but the length and content of the sequence can be changed through certain method calls.

The String class represents character strings. All string literals in Java programs, such as "abc" are constant and implemented as instances of this class; their values cannot be changed after they are created.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     java   string   stringbuffer   frequently asked     Asked in 18 Companies      basic        frequent

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  Q32. Difference between Vector and ArrayList ?Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. Vectors are synchronized whereas Array lists are not.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     java   basic interview question   vector   arraylist   collections   synchronization     Asked in 34 Companies      basic        frequent


Very frequently asked in phone and walk in interviews.
  Q33. What are Marker Interfaces ? Name few Java marker interfaces ?Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. An interface without any method declaration is called as marker interface. there are 3 in-built interfaces in JVM i.e. serializable, clonable, remote

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     java   oops   interfaces   marker interface   serializable   clonable     Asked in 21 Companies      intermediate        frequent

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Very frequently asked.Usually among first few questions.
  Q34. What is MVC ? Design
Anonymous
Ans. MVC is a Design Pattern that facilititates loose coupling by segregating responsibilities in a Web application

1. Controller receives the requests and handles overall control of the request
2. Model holds majority of the Business logic, and
3. View comprise of the view objects and GUI component

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 Q35. What are the contents of Hibernate configuration file ( hibernate.cfg.xml ) ?Hibernate
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Ans. HBM Files ( Mapping )
DB Connection ( DB Connection String , User Name , Password , Pool Size )
SQL Dialect ( SQL variant to be generated )
Show SQL ( Show / No show SQL on Console )
Auto Commit ( True / False )

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     hibernate   configuration   barclays     Asked in 11 Companies


  Q36. Difference between GET and POST Requests ?Web Service2016-07-22 15:00:21

Ans. GET is supposed to get information from the server. Client sends the minimal information so that Server can respond with the response body on basis of request. For example - You want to get complete employment record for employee id 123

POST is supposed to send the information for submission. Payload or a Body is usually sent so that it can be persisted on the server. For example - Sending the complete information of an employee ( id, name , dept etc ) to the server for persisting it.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     get vs post   web service   rest     Asked in 11 Companies      basic        frequent


 Q37. If an Abstract class has only abstract methods, What's the difference between such a class and an interface ?Core Java2017-05-07 07:26:29

Ans. Such a class still can have member elements which can be inherited and hence facilitate code reuse. Moreover Abstract class can have non final static elements whereas interfaces are only allowed to have static final elements.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     abstract class   interfaces     Asked in 2 Companies      Basic


Very Frequently asked.Favorite question in Walk in drive for many Indian service companies.
 Q38. What is a Final Class ?
Anonymous
Ans. A Class that cannot be sub classed.

  Sample Code for final class

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     java   oops   final   final class   java keyword   basic interview question     Asked in 3 Companies      basic        frequent


Very Frequently asked. Usually asked along with String Class related questions.
  Q39. What is an immutable class ?Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. Class using which only immutable (objects that cannot be changed after initialization) objects can be created.

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 Q40. What is a Static import ?Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. By static import , we can access the static members of a class directly without prefixing it with the class name.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     java   java5   static import   static   java keyword   static import     Asked in 4 Companies      basic        frequent


Very frequently asked. Usually difference between String,StringBuffer and StringBuilder is asked in different variations.
  Q41. Difference between StringBuffer and StringBuilder ?Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. StringBuffer is synchronized whereas StringBuilder is not.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     java   string   stringbuffer   string class   stringbuilder   synchronized   basic interview question   infosys technologies     Asked in 17 Companies      basic        frequent

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  Q42. What is reflection ?
Anonymous
Ans. It is the process of examining / modifying the behaviour of an object at runtime.

  Sample Code for reflection

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     java   reflection   reflection api   ebay   mindtree     Asked in 29 Companies      basic        frequent


Very frequently asked Hibernate interview question. Frequently asked in TCS ( based on 2 feedback )
  Q43. What are different types of associations in Hibernate ?Hibernate
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Ans. There are 4 types of associations in Hibernate

One to One
One to Many
Many to One
Many to Many

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     hibernate   associations     Asked in 11 Companies        frequent


  Q44. What are Default Methods ?Core Java
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Ans. With Java 8, We can provide method definitions in the Interfaces that gets carried down the classes implementing that interface in case they are not overridden by the Class. Keyword "default" is used to mark the default method.

  Sample Code for interface default

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     java   java8   default methods     Asked in 7 Companies      expert        frequent


 Q45. What are some different logging levels for log4j ?Log4j
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Ans. DEBUG
ERROR
ALL
WARN
INFO
FATAL
OFF
TRACE
TRACE_INT
WARN

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     java   log4j   log4j level   logging   error logging     Asked in 10 Companies


 Q46. What is a Webdriver ?Testing2017-02-02 08:25:41

Ans. Selenium WebDriver is a tool for automating web application testing.It helps in replicating the manual tester behavior like keyboard entry, mouse events etc and then matching the output against the expected.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     selenium  webdriver     Asked in 37 Companies


 Q47. What is the difference between Singleton and Prototype Bean scope in Spring ?Spring2017-08-20 06:35:16

Ans. Prototype scope - A new object is created each time it is injected/looked up. It will use new SomeClass() each time.

Singleton scope - It is the default scope. The same object is returned each time it is injected/looked up. Here it will instantiate one instance of SomeClass and then return it each time.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     Spring beans  singleton bean scope  prototype bean scope     Asked in 1 Companies


 Q48. Can we have multiple inheritance in java using abstract class ?Core Java2018-07-04 16:17:49

Ans. No

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     abstract class   multiple inheritance  object oriented programming (oops)  oops concepts     Asked in 2 Companies


 Q49. Describe structure of a Web application.architecture2018-07-04 16:18:26

Ans. WEB APP |WEB-INF - META-INF | | | META-INF.MF | lib - WEB.xml - Classes

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     web application     Asked in 3 Companies      intermediate        frequent


  Q50. Difference between Arrays and ArrayList ?Core Java2018-07-22 07:23:59

Ans. Both Arrays and ArrayLists are used to store elements. Elements can be either primitives or objects in case of Arrays, but only objects can be stored in Arraylist. Array is a fixed length data structure while arraylist is variable length collection class. Once created, you cannot change the size of the arrays, but arraylists can dynamically resize itself when needed.Another notable difference between Arrays and Arrayslist is that arary is part of core java programming and array list is part of collection classes

  Sample Code for arrays arraylist

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     array  arraylist  array vs arraylist     Asked in 7 Companies      basic        frequent


  Q51. What is a cookie ?Java EE
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Ans. A cookie is a small piece of text stored on a user's computer by the browser for a specific domain. Commonly used for authentication, storing site preferences, and server session identification.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     cookie   javascript   web application   session management   browser   j2ee     Asked in 16 Companies      basic        frequent


Frequently asked at HCL Technologies ( Based on 3 feedback )
  Q52. Difference between Checked and Unchecked exceptions ?Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. Checked exceptions are the exceptions for which compiler throws an errors if they are not checked whereas unchecked exceptions are caught during run time only and hence can't be checked.

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  Q53. what is the difference between collections class vs collections interface ?Core Java
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Ans. Collections class is a utility class having static methods for doing operations on objects of classes which implement the Collection interface. For example, Collections has methods for finding the max element in a Collection.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     java   collections   collections class   collection interface   basic interview question     Asked in 6 Companies      basic        frequent

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Very Frequently asked Spring question.
  Q54. What is bean auto wiring?Spring
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Ans. The Spring container is able to autowire relationships between collaborating beans. This means that it is possible to automatically let Spring resolve collaborators (other beans) for your bean by inspecting the contents of the BeanFactory without using and elements.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     j2ee   spring   mvc   frameworks   web applications   autowiring   beans   at&t   ge     Asked in 9 Companies        frequent


  Q55. Advantage of Collection classes over Arrays ?Core Java
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Ans. Collections are re-sizable in nature. We can increase or decrease the size as per recruitment.
Collections can hold both homogeneous and heterogeneous data's.
Every collection follows some standard data structures.
Collection provides many useful built in methods for traversing,sorting and search.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     java   collections   collections classes   advantages of collections over arrays   collections vs arrays   basic interview question     Asked in 6 Companies      basic        frequent


Very Frequently asked. Favorite question in walkins and telephonic interviews. Usually among first few questions. Asked in different variants. Must know for intermediate and expert professionals.Among Top 10 frequently asked questions.
  Q56. What is rule regarding overriding equals and hashCode method ?Core Java
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Ans. A Class must override the hashCode method if its overriding the equals method.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     java   collections   hashcode  hash code   equals   collections     Asked in 44 Companies      intermediate        frequent

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 Q57. What is the difference between int[] x; and int x[]; ?Core Java
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Ans. No Difference. Both are the acceptable ways to declare an array.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     java   array   arrays   array declaration   difference between     Asked in 3 Companies      basic


Very frequently asked. Usually followed by questions related to private constructor and synchronized access. Frequently asked in JPMorgan and TCS (Based on 2 feedback)
  Q58. Explain Singleton Design Pattern ?Design
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Ans. http://www.buggybread.com/2014/03/java-design-pattern-singleton-interview.html

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     java   design pattern   singleton   at&t   ebay  fidelity india  united healthcare india     Asked in 46 Companies      intermediate        frequent


  Q59. Which Software Development methodology is being used in your current Job ?General
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Ans. We are using Agile methodology. I attend daily stand up where the development leads takes the status of assigned stories, achievements, any bottlenecks or challenges. We follow iteration of 2 weeks.

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 Q60. What are fail-fast Iterators ?Core Java2016-06-09 09:27:36

Ans. Fail-fast iterators detect illegal concurrent modification during iteration and fail quickly and cleanly rather than risking arbitrary, non deterministic behavior at an undetermined time in future. Example could be of an Iterator failing if it smells ConcurrentModificationException.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     fail-fast Iterators  Iterators     Asked in 5 Companies      intermediate


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