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Design - Interview Questions and Answers for 'Abs' - 33 question(s) found - Order By Newest

Very frequently asked. Among first few questions in almost all interviews. Among Top 5 frequently asked questions. Frequently asked in Indian service companies (HCL,TCS,Infosys,Capgemini etc based on multiple feedback )
  Q1. Difference between == and .equals() ?Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. "equals" is the method of object class which is supposed to be overridden to check object equality, whereas "==" operator evaluate to see if the object handlers on the left and right are pointing to the same object in memory.

x.equals(y) means the references x and y are holding objects that are equal. x==y means that the references x and y have same object.

Sample code:

String x = new String("str");
String y = new String("str");

System.out.println(x == y); // prints false
System.out.println(x.equals(y)); // prints true

  Sample Code for equals

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Technologies  bebo technologies  Closeloop Technologies  DamcoSoft  Swar Yantra Technologies  SK VedaInfo Universal  Trantor Software  IT HAT Consulting  Kindlebit Solutions  Mann McGlynn  AmrtData Enterprises  Riconz Technologies  Embryo Software Solution  Corporate Stalwarts  Varite  Mirror Consultancy Service  Wing Global IT Service  Regence  Adpearance  IGNW  Centizen  Flexton  Syntel  Kaiser Permanente  SkiData  New Relic  McKesson  Finastra  Pivotal  UST Global  Morgan Stanley  Kroger  Genesys  Guardian Life  SynergisticIT  Leidos  Expeditors Associate  Polycom  Compass  Point ClickCare  Expedia  Equal Experts  Dimentrix  Intellect Design Arena  Epam Systems  Qualys  Instacart  ThoughtWorks  Maxgen Technologies  Aayansh Germinate  Principal Financial Group  NineScript Technologies  Nihilent  infrasoft technologies  e-Zest Solutions  Krawler Inc  FundTech  BNT SOFT  SAPsphinx Infotech  KinderTouch  Accede Software Solutions  LeadLake  Emerson  Xoriant  Citrix  Anonymous Content  GS Lab  Thermax  Saama Technologies  Fresherworld.com  Nityo Infotech  Sanofi  Innoplexus  Sears IT & Management Services   National Stock Exchange of India  Accelya Kale  Tudip Technologies  ITSource Technologies  Sela Technology Solutions  Eternus Solutions  Raja Software Labs  Leo TechnoSoft  Shubham Housing Development Finance  Serene Corporation  Leo Technosoft  Questionpro  Sparken IT Solutions  Capsilon  JetSynthesys  MangoSpring  Subway  Arezzo Sky  Lenco Diagnostic Laboratories  Finlogic Technologies  Maxxton  Cerillion  Applus+  XOYAL  Acloudzyn Technologies  ITYX  Tej IT Solutions  Transworld Compressor Technologies  Deskera  Ebaotech  Kahuna Systems  Kimaya Infotech  SSP Technology  Boston Byte  Bonellisoft  Rack Infotech  Intellection Software and Technologies  OMVSAB IT Solutions  ProductDossier  Soft Infology  Systems Plus Transformations  StackMint  HeadInfotech India  EffortSys  KasNet Technologies  Java City  iSynergy TechSys  Unisoft Technologies  Servient  ThinkQuotient Software  Medline Industries  Ascent Cyber Solutions  Proto-T Solutions  Tinker Technologies  Censhare  Proto-T Solutions  Henx International Technologies  AlightHub Consulting Services  Perpetual Infotech  BestoSys  Infiniti Infosystems  Torqus  Spectrum Tech System  OreInfo  Sanvi Softech  Neptune Solutions  XTime  Web Hub Technology  Coin Technologies  Paramount Pictures  Rocklike DMS  Implant Technosoft Solutions  Nabla Infotech  Predikly  Godwit Technologies  Kanaka Consulting  Aarnum Technologies  Ganesh Kapure  Abhinav Digicompsoft Services  Shoffex.com  Online Training Solutions  A Plus Tree  OMM Software Innovation  Tanish Infotech Solution  Zinist Software  Mobile Sutra  Playpixel Infosystem  SunGuard  Nihilent  Siemens PLM Software  Maxgen Technologies  Nitor Infotech  Mediaocean  Yagna iQ  Sigma Systems  Ethon  The Permanente Medical Group  Reliance Industries  MindCraft Software  ABM Knowledgeware  Trutech Web Solutions  Nikhil R Gupta & Associates  eMeasurematics  NovelERP Solutions  Web Element Solutions  HDFC Bank  Qualcomm  Intellect Design Arena  Diebold Nixdorf  Sharekhan  Pepperfry  IRIS Business Services  Wind World  ZEDO  Loylty Rewardz Mngt  C2L Biz  Chenoa Information Services  Insolutions Global  Vakrangee Softwares  Celusion Technologies  Currencies Direct  Zenith System Solutions  Base Information Management  Exponentia DataLabs  Realty Redefined  Constaccent  Neoquant Solutions  Aureus Analytics  Planfirma Technologies  Pawaa Software  iBhejo  Fairfax County Virginia  American Conservation Experience  Hari Krishna Exports  Core Education & Technologies   Nishat Mills  Industrial Market Place  Krisnela Technologies  Swissclear Global  Samyak Software  Professional Access  Nexstep Infotech  Concerto Software  Viral Technologies  Silverwing Technologies  Gcom Software Inc  Accel Frontline  Atom Technologies  Blue Star Infotech  Cynapse  Datamatics Global Services  Flytxt Mobile Solutions  Persistent Systems  Onmobile Global  Trianz  Sasken  WNS Global Services  Tavant technology  Edz Infomatics      basic        frequent

Try 6 Question(s) Test


Very Frequently asked. Have been asked in HCL Technologies very frequently ( based on 3 feedback ). Among first few questions in many interviews.
  Q2. Differences between abstract class and interface ?Core Java
Admin
info@buggybread.com
Ans. Abstract classes can have both abstract methods ( method declarations ) as well as concrete methods ( inherited to the derived classes ) whereas Interfaces can only have abstract methods ( method declarations ).

A class can extend single abstract class whereas it can implement multiple interfaces.

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Almost sure to be asked in every company using any Dependency Injection framework ( Spring, Guice etc )
  Q3. What is Dependency Injection or IOC ( Inversion of Control ) ?Design

Ans. It is a Design Pattern that facilitates loose coupling by sending the dependency information ( object references of dependent object ) while building the state of the object. Objects are designed in a manner where they receive instances of the objects from other pieces of code, instead of constructing them internally and hence provide better flexibility.

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 Q4. Difference between Factory and Abstract Factory Design Pattern ?Design
Anonymous
Ans. Factory Pattern deals with creation of objects delegated to a separate factory class whereas Abstract Factory patterns works around a super-factory which creates other factories.

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Very frequently asked.Usually among first few questions.
  Q5. What is MVC ? Design
Anonymous
Ans. MVC is a Design Pattern that facilititates loose coupling by segregating responsibilities in a Web application

1. Controller receives the requests and handles overall control of the request
2. Model holds majority of the Business logic, and
3. View comprise of the view objects and GUI component

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Try 1 Question(s) Test


 Q6. If you are given a choice to implement the code to either Insert a Record or Update if already exist, Which approach will you follow ?

1. Insert into the DB Table. If exception occurs, update the existing record.
2. Check if the record exists and update it if it exists, If not insert a new record.
Solution
admin
info@buggybread.com
Ans. In first case, there would be 2 DB calls in worst case and 1 in best case. In 2nd approach there will be always 2 DB calls.

Decision on the approach should depend on the following considerations -

1. How costly is the call to DB ? Are we using indices , hibernate etc

If calls to DB are costly , 1st approach should be the choice.

2. Exception Book keeping load upon exception.

The benefit of saving 1st call in approach 1 should be bigger than the Book keeping for the exception.

3. Probability of the exception in first apparoach.

If the DB Table is almost empty, it makes sense to follow Approach 1 as majority of the 1st calls will pass through without exception.

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  Q7. What is the use of Transient Keyword ?Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. It in Java is used to indicate that a field should not be serialized.

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Try 2 Question(s) Test


 Q8. Write a program to show thread usage in Java by implementing runnable interface2017-08-03 12:16:07

Ans. public class MyClass {
   static class MyThreadClass implements Runnable{

      public void start() {
         Thread t = new Thread(this,"threadName");
         t.start();
      }
      
      @Override
      public void run() {
         System.out.println("Hello");
         try {
            Thread.sleep(1000);
            System.out.println("Hello Again");
         } catch (InterruptedException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
         }
         
      }
      
   }
   
   public static void main(String[] args){
      MyThreadClass myThreadClass = new MyThreadClass();
      myThreadClass.start();
      
      MyThreadClass myThreadClass2 = new MyThreadClass();
      myThreadClass2.start();
   }
}

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 Q9. Difference between Factory and Strategy Design Pattern ?Design
Anonymous
Ans. Factory is a creational design pattern whereas Strategy is behavioral design pattern. Factory revolves around the creation of object at runtime whereas Strategy or Policy revolves around the decision at runtime.

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 Q10. What is a Cursor ?Database
Admin
info@buggybread.com
Ans. It's a facility that allows traversal over the records pulled from a table or combination of tables. Its like iterator in Java.

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Very frequently asked. Usually followed by questions related to private constructor and synchronized access. Frequently asked in JPMorgan and TCS (Based on 2 feedback)
  Q11. Explain Singleton Design Pattern ?Design
Admin
info@buggybread.com
Ans. http://www.buggybread.com/2014/03/java-design-pattern-singleton-interview.html

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Frequently asked in face to face interviews.
  Q12. Write a program to print fibonacci series.Core Java

Ans. int count = 15;
int[] fibonacci = new int[count];
fibonacci[0] = 0;
fibonacci[1] = 1;
for(int x=2; x < count; x++){
fibonacci[x] = fibonacci[x-1] + fibonacci[x-2];
}

for(int x=0; x< count; x++){
System.out.print(fibonacci[x] + " ");
}

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 Q13. Does it make sense to clone an object which is supposed to be immutable ?Design2016-07-28 20:54:59

Ans. It make sense only if we intend to modify either of the object and would like to preserve original state in other. Otherwise we can reuse the original object by making it singleton.

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 Q14. Design an online shopping site system ?Design2016-12-13 11:06:10

Ans. AWS Services - CloudFront for distribution / caching, EC2 for computing, EBS for block storage , S3 for object storage , RDS for database , Kinesis for streaming , CloudWatch for monitoring.

Technologies - Java for back end with Spring Boot , Angular , RxJs for front end .

Architecture - Service Oriented. Multi layer.

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 Q15. What is a factory design pattern ?Design2017-01-09 13:21:43

Ans. Factory Design Patterns is the pattern that recommends creation of separate Factory Object for creation of other object.

So its like saying - If you want to create an object of ClassA, Talk to FactoryObject ( which is an object of FactoryClass ). FactoryObject in itself encapsulates the inputs and logic required to make the decision regarding the creation and construction of object.

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 Q16. Difference between Singleton and Factory Design Pattern ?Design2017-02-02 11:24:01

Ans. Both are creational design patterns but singleton facilitates in creation and reuse of single object whereas Factory deals with creation of multiple objects.

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 Q17. Design a Database Schema to store Employee Information with each employee having multiple addresses. Database2017-08-24 13:48:56

Ans. We can have 2 entities i.e EMPLOYEE and ADDRESS and can have a relationship Table , EMPLOYEE_ADDRESS having one to may relationship between the two.

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 Q18. What is the programming advantage of Immutability ?Design2018-03-31 08:33:05

 This question was recently asked at 'Overstock.com'.This question is still unanswered. Can you please provide an answer.


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 Q19. What are the disadvantages of immutability ?Design2018-03-31 08:33:36

 This question is still unanswered. Can you please provide an answer.


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 Q20. What is immutability and What are it's disadvantages ?Design2018-06-20 12:20:19

 This question was recently asked at 'Bloomberg'.This question is still unanswered. Can you please provide an answer.


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 Q21. Design database schema for Facebook like application.Database2018-06-21 18:01:57

 This question was recently asked at 'Symantec'.This question is still unanswered. Can you please provide an answer.


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Library Management System has always been the favorite question. This questions is asked irrespective of level.
 Q22. Write data models and service end points for Library Management System ?Architecture2018-06-30 13:43:10

Ans. Following could be the business sub domains or database schemas in such a system

1. Users / Members
2. Sourcing
3. Inventory Management
4. Operations

Following services end points could be there

1. Users - addNewUser ( put ), removeUser ( post )
2. Sourcing - addSupplier ( put ), removeSupplier ( post )
3. Inventory Management - getInventory ( get )
4. Operations - checkIn ( post ), checkout ( post )

There could be following Tables in Database

1. Users / Members - MEMBER, MEMBERSHIP_TYPE
2. Sourcing - SUPPLIER, SUPPLIER_PRODUCT, PRODUCT_REORDER_LEVELS
3. Inventory Management - INVENTORY,PRODUCTS
4. Operations - TRANSACTION

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 Q23. How to avoid cloning, serialization in the singleton class ?Design2019-01-04 10:12:26

 This question was recently asked at 'Cognizant (CTS)'.This question is still unanswered. Can you please provide an answer.


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 Q24. Write a Program to swap 2 variables ( using 3rd variable )Core Java2017-07-25 19:41:20

Ans. int x = 1;
int y = 2;
int z = x;
x = y;
y = z;

System.out.println("x="+x);
System.out.println("y="+y);

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 Q25. Write a Program to swap two variables ( without using 3rd variable )2017-07-25 19:42:32

Ans.
int x = 1;
int y = 2;

x = x+y;
y = x-y;
x = x-y;

System.out.println("x="+x);
System.out.println("y="+y);

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 Q26. Which method needs to be implemented if a class is implementing comparable interface ?Core Java
a. comp
b. compare
c. compareTo
d. compareEquals

Ans.c. compareTo

 Q27. What is Dirty Read in Database Transactions ?Database
a. Data Read by Transaction 2 which hasn't yet updated by Transaction 1
b. Data Read by Transaction 2 which has been updated and commited by Transaction 1
c. Data Read by Transaction 2 which has been updated but not commited by Transaction 1
d. Inability of Transaction 2 to read Data when Transaction 1 is updating.

Ans.c. Data Read by Transaction 2 which has been updated but not commited by Transaction 1

 Q28. Which of the following is not true for abstract classes ?Core Java
a. Abstract Class is only meant to be sub classed and not supposed to be instantiated.
b. Abstract class handlers can be used to handle derived class objects.
c. We can't have an abstract class without abstract methods.
d. Abstract class has member elements.

Ans.c. We can't have an abstract class without abstract methods.

 Q29. Which of the following class creates immutable objects ?Core Java
a. String
b. StringBuffer
c. StringBuilder
d. None of these create immutable objects.

Ans.a. String

 Q30. Which of the following can be declared abstract ?Core Java
a. static methods
b. instance methods
c. static variable
d. instance variables

Ans.b. instance methods

 Q31. In majority of the cases, the following join will give maximum number of results ?Database
a. Inner Join
b. Outer Join
c. Left Join
d. Right Join

Ans.b. Outer Join

 Q32. Which if the following is true for SQL Joins ?Database
a. Left Join and Right Join gives equal number of Results
b. Outer Join and Inner Join gives equal number of Results
c. Inner Join gives maximum number of results records
d. Inner Join gives minimum number of result records

Ans.d. Inner Join gives minimum number of result records

 Q33. Which of the following is not true for Prepared Statements ?Database
a. Prepared Statements provides better performance
b. Prepared Statements prevent SQL Injection attacks
c. Prepared Statements provide ORM capabilities
d. Prepared Statement provides DB side caching

Ans.c. Prepared Statements provide ORM capabilities



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