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Interview Questions and Answers for 'Overstock' - 38 question(s) found - Order By Newest

Very frequently asked. Among first few questions in almost all interviews. Among Top 5 frequently asked questions. Frequently asked in Indian service companies (HCL,TCS,Infosys,Capgemini etc based on multiple feedback )
  Q1. Difference between == and .equals() ?Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. "equals" is the method of object class which is supposed to be overridden to check object equality, whereas "==" operator evaluate to see if the object handlers on the left and right are pointing to the same object in memory.

x.equals(y) means the references x and y are holding objects that are equal. x==y means that the references x and y have same object.

Sample code:

String x = new String("str");
String y = new String("str");

System.out.println(x == y); // prints false
System.out.println(x.equals(y)); // prints true

  Sample Code for equals

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Content  GS Lab  Thermax  Saama Technologies  Fresherworld.com  Nityo Infotech  Sanofi  Innoplexus  Sears IT & Management Services   National Stock Exchange of India  Accelya Kale  Tudip Technologies  ITSource Technologies  Sela Technology Solutions  Eternus Solutions  Raja Software Labs  Leo TechnoSoft  Shubham Housing Development Finance  Serene Corporation  Leo Technosoft  Questionpro  Sparken IT Solutions  Capsilon  JetSynthesys  MangoSpring  Subway  Arezzo Sky  Lenco Diagnostic Laboratories  Finlogic Technologies  Maxxton  Cerillion  Applus+  XOYAL  Acloudzyn Technologies  ITYX  Tej IT Solutions  Transworld Compressor Technologies  Deskera  Ebaotech  Kahuna Systems  Kimaya Infotech  SSP Technology  Boston Byte  Bonellisoft  Rack Infotech  Intellection Software and Technologies  OMVSAB IT Solutions  ProductDossier  Soft Infology  Systems Plus Transformations  StackMint  HeadInfotech India  EffortSys  KasNet Technologies  Java City  iSynergy TechSys  Unisoft 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  Q2. What is a Lambda Expression ? What's its use ?Core Java
Admin
info@buggybread.com
Ans. Its an anonymous method without any declaration.

Lambda Expression are useful to write shorthand Code and hence saves the effort of writing lengthy Code.

It promotes Developer productivity, Better Readable and Reliable code.

  Sample Code for lambda

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Frequently asked question in companies using Hibernate.
  Q3. What is Lazy Initialization in Hibernate ?Hibernate
Admin
info@buggybread.com
Ans. It's a feature to lazily initialize dependencies , relationship and associations from the Database. Any related references marked as @OneToMany or @ManyToMany are loaded lazily i.e when they are accessed and not when the parent is loaded.

  Sample Code for Lazy Initialization

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  Q4. Explain OOPs

or

Explain OOPs Principles

or

Explain OOPs Concepts

or

Explain OOPs features

or

Tell me something about OOPs
Core Java2017-06-13 08:25:45

Ans. OOPs or Object Oriented Programming is a Programming model which is organized around Objects instead of processes. Instead of a process calling series of processes, this model stresses on communication between objects. Objects that all self sustained, provide security by encapsulating it's members and providing abstracted interfaces over the functions it performs. OOP's facilitate the following features

1. Inheritance for Code Reuse
2. Abstraction for modularity, maintenance and agility
3. Encapsulation for security and protected
4. Polymorphism for flexibility and interfacing

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Very frequently asked. Favorite question in Walk in Drive of many Indian service companies.
  Q5. What is the difference between ArrayList and LinkedList ?Core Java
admin
info@buggybread.com
Ans. Underlying data structure for ArrayList is Array whereas LinkedList is the linked list and hence have following differences -

1. ArrayList needs continuous memory locations and hence need to be moved to a bigger space if new elements are to be added to a filled array which is not required for LinkedList.

2. Removal and Insertion at specific place in ArrayList requires moving all elements and hence leads to O(n) insertions and removal whereas its constant O(1) for LinkedList.

3. Random access using index in ArrayList is faster than LinkedList which requires traversing the complete list through references.

4. Though Linear Search takes Similar Time for both, Binary Search using LinkedList requires creating new Model called Binary Search Tree which is slower but offers constant time insertion and deletion.

5. For a set of integers you want to sort using quicksort, it's probably faster to use an array; for a set of large structures you want to sort using selection sort, a linked list will be faster.

  Sample Code for ArrayList

  Sample Code for LinkedList

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 Q6. What are the ways to avoid LazyInitializationException ?Hibernate
Admin
info@buggybread.com
Ans. 1. Set lazy=false in the hibernate config file.

2. Set @Basic(fetch=FetchType.EAGER) at the mapping.

3. Make sure that we are accessing the dependent objects before closing the session.

4. Force initialization using Hibernate.initialize

5. Using Fetch Join in HQL.

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Very Frequently asked. Have been asked in HCL Technologies very frequently ( based on 3 feedback ). Among first few questions in many interviews.
  Q7. Differences between abstract class and interface ?Core Java
Admin
info@buggybread.com
Ans. Abstract classes can have both abstract methods ( method declarations ) as well as concrete methods ( inherited to the derived classes ) whereas Interfaces can only have abstract methods ( method declarations ).

A class can extend single abstract class whereas it can implement multiple interfaces.

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Frequently asked to fresh graduates and less experienced.
  Q8. Difference between Composition and Inheritance ?Core Java
Admin
info@buggybread.com
Ans. Inheritance means a object inheriting reusable properties of the base class. Compositions means that an abject holds other objects.

In Inheritance there is only one object in memory ( derived object ) whereas in Composition , parent object holds references of all composed objects.

From Design perspective - Inheritance is "is a" relationship among objects whereas Composition is "has a" relationship among objects.

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Very frequently asked.Usually among first few questions.
  Q9. What is MVC ? Design
Anonymous
Ans. MVC is a Design Pattern that facilititates loose coupling by segregating responsibilities in a Web application

1. Controller receives the requests and handles overall control of the request
2. Model holds majority of the Business logic, and
3. View comprise of the view objects and GUI component

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Very frequently asked in companies using SOA.
  Q10. What are RESTful Web Services ?Rest
Admin
info@buggybread.com
Ans. REST or Representational State Transfer is a flexible architecture style for creating web services that recommends the following guidelines -

1. http for client server communication,
2. XML / JSON as formatiing language ,
3. Simple URI as address for the services and,
4. stateless communication.

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 Q11. What are the contents of Hibernate configuration file ( hibernate.cfg.xml ) ?Hibernate
Admin
info@buggybread.com
Ans. HBM Files ( Mapping )
DB Connection ( DB Connection String , User Name , Password , Pool Size )
SQL Dialect ( SQL variant to be generated )
Show SQL ( Show / No show SQL on Console )
Auto Commit ( True / False )

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 Q12. What things you would care about to improve the performance of Application if its identified that its DB communication that needs to be improved ?Solution
Admin
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Ans. 1. Query Optimization ( Query Rewriting , Prepared Statements )

2. Restructuring Indexes.

3. DB Caching Tuning ( if using ORM )

4. Identifying the problems ( if any ) with the ORM Strategy ( If using ORM )

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  Q13. Difference between GET and POST Requests ?Web Service2016-07-22 15:00:21

Ans. GET is supposed to get information from the server. Client sends the minimal information so that Server can respond with the response body on basis of request. For example - You want to get complete employment record for employee id 123

POST is supposed to send the information for submission. Payload or a Body is usually sent so that it can be persisted on the server. For example - Sending the complete information of an employee ( id, name , dept etc ) to the server for persisting it.

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Very Frequently asked. Usually asked along with String Class related questions.
  Q14. What is an immutable class ?Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. Class using which only immutable (objects that cannot be changed after initialization) objects can be created.

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Very frequently asked if being interviewed for hibernate. Frequently asked in Tata Consultancy (TCS) and Overstock.com
  Q15. Difference between load and get ?Hibernate
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Ans. If id doesnt exist in the DB load throws an exception whereas get returns null in that case.get makes the call to DB immediately whereas load makes the call to proxy.

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Frequently asked at HCL Technologies ( Based on 3 feedback )
  Q16. Difference between Checked and Unchecked exceptions ?Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. Checked exceptions are the exceptions for which compiler throws an errors if they are not checked whereas unchecked exceptions are caught during run time only and hence can't be checked.

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Very Frequently asked. Favorite question in walkins and telephonic interviews. Usually among first few questions. Asked in different variants. Must know for intermediate and expert professionals.Among Top 10 frequently asked questions.
  Q17. What is rule regarding overriding equals and hashCode method ?Core Java
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Ans. A Class must override the hashCode method if its overriding the equals method.

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 Q18. What are different types of second level cache ?Hibernate
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Ans. 1. EHCache ( Easy Hibernate )
2. OSCache ( Open Symphony )
3. Swarm Cache ( JBoss )
4. Tree Cache ( JBoss )

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Very frequently asked Hibernate interview question. Frequently asked in TCS ( based on 2 feedback )
  Q19. What are different types of associations in Hibernate ?Hibernate
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Ans. There are 4 types of associations in Hibernate

One to One
One to Many
Many to One
Many to Many

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 Q20. Is It Good to use Reflection in an application ? Why ?Core Java
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Ans. no, It's like challenging the design of application.

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Frequently asked these days as there are major changes in Java 8.
  Q21. What are new features introduced with Java 8 ?Core Java
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Ans. Lambda Expressions , Interface Default and Static Methods , Method Reference , Parameters Name , Optional , Streams, Concurrency.

  Sample Code for Lambda

  Sample Code for interface default

  Sample Code for Optional

  Sample Code for Streams

  Sample Code for java.time

  Sample Code for Predicate

  Sample Code for Consumer

  Sample Code for MapMerge

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 Q22. What is Criteria in Hibernate ?Hibernate
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Ans. Criteria is a simplified API for retrieving entities by composing Criterion objects.

For example - session.createCriteria(Employee.class).add( Restrictions.like("name", "A%") ).list();

will return all employee objects having name starting with A.

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  Q23. Which Software Development methodology is being used in your current Job ?General
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Ans. We are using Agile methodology. I attend daily stand up where the development leads takes the status of assigned stories, achievements, any bottlenecks or challenges. We follow iteration of 2 weeks.

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  Q24. Explain Application / Server architecture being used in your project ?

or

Explain your project architecture ?
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Ans. We are using cluster of Web servers and Application servers. Load Balancer is used to manage the load between them. Down the layer we have middleware server and then DB server to access database.

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 Q25. Have you ever had any conflict with the team member (like disagreement on some design decision ) and How you reacted to it ? General2016-11-30 15:55:39

Ans. [Open Ended Answer]

This is a very sensitive question and should be dealt with caution. Just simply saying that you never had any disagreement will present you as dumb team member. Showing your self as too aggressive in such decisions will present you as a trouble maker. You should present a situation where you had an argument / disagreement but eventually you and your team mates mutually found a way out of it.

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  Q26. Explain the challenging problems you faced recently and how you overcame it ?General

Ans. [Open Ended Answer]

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Recently asked in Sophos
 Q27. Write a Method to get a map of words and their count by passing in the stringCore Java

Ans. http://javasearch.buggybread.com/CodeSnippets/searchCodeSamples.php?keyword=Method+to+get+a+map+of+words&category=code

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Frequently asked question in companies using Rest Web services.
 Q28. Different between POST and PUT in Rest Rest2016-07-22 14:33:40

Ans. PUT requests are only meant to place the object as it is on server. For example - You want a file to be uploaded and then placed in a particular folder or you want an Employee object to be persisted in the table.

POST requests are also meant to transfer information from client to server but that information once received at the server is evaluated , modified or refactored before persisting.

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 Q29. Write an Algorithm for Graph Traversal ? The Graph has a loop.Algorithm2016-11-30 15:42:32

Ans. Please not that all such questions can be easily answered through recursion.

Simple recursive implementation could be

traverse(root);

void traverse(Element element){
if(element.hasNext()){
traverse(element.next());
} else {
System.out.println(element);
}
}

but this algo / code lead to endless loop if there is a loop in graph traversal.

So you can keep a collection to keep track of which elements have laready been traversed


static List<Elements> listOfAlreadyTraversedElements = new ArrayList<Elements>();

main(){
traverse(root);
}

void traverse(Element element){
if(element.hasNext()){
traverse(element.next());
} else {
listOfAlreadyTraversedElements.add(element);
System.out.println(element);
}
}

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 Q30. How is String class unique ?Core Java2016-11-30 15:46:13

Ans. String class is immutable as well as final. Because of these properties , String objects offer many benefits

1. String Pool - When a string is created and if it exists in the pool, the reference of the existing string will be returned instead of creating a new object. If string is not immutable, changing the string with one reference will lead to the wrong value for the other references.

Example -

String str1 = "String1";
String str2 = "String1"; // It doesnt create a new String and rather reuses the string literal from pool

// Now both str1 and str2 pointing to same string object in pool, changing str1 will change it for str2 too

2. To Cache its Hashcode - If string is not immutable, One can change its hashcode and hence its not fit to be cached.

3. Security - String is widely used as parameter for many java classes, e.g. network connection, opening files, etc. Making it mutable might possess threats due to interception by the other code segment.

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 Q31. What technical stuff you like to do in your free time ?General2017-01-09 13:14:13

Ans. [Open Ended Answer]

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 Q32. Scale yourself on Java on the scale of 1 to 10General2017-01-11 15:48:29

Ans. [Open Ended Answer]

The objective of the question is to check how efficient one is in the language so that appropriate level questions are asked. Don't tell too high number if you are being interviewed for a junior or mid level position as the interviewer may throw advance level questions.

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 Q33. What is a Webdriver ?Testing2017-02-02 08:25:41

Ans. Selenium WebDriver is a tool for automating web application testing.It helps in replicating the manual tester behavior like keyboard entry, mouse events etc and then matching the output against the expected.

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 Q34. How do you keep yourself aupdated with the changes in technologies ?General2017-08-23 20:33:28

 This question was recently asked at 'Sofi,Overstock.com,General Electric (GE)'.This question is still unanswered. Can you please provide an answer.


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 Q35. What is the programming advantage of Immutability ?Design2018-03-31 08:33:05

 This question was recently asked at 'Overstock.com'.This question is still unanswered. Can you please provide an answer.


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 Q36. How would you securely migrate a database to RDS?Amazon Web Services (AWS)2019-01-18 09:32:33

 This question was recently asked at 'Cognizant (C?TS),Overstock'.This question is still unanswered. Can you please provide an answer.


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 Q37. Have you ever worked on continuations in Java ?Core Java2019-01-29 13:23:50

 This question was recently asked at 'Overstock.com'.This question is still unanswered. Can you please provide an answer.


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 Q38. Write a Program to print all nodes of the data structure ?Algorithm2019-01-29 13:24:26

 This question was recently asked at 'Overstock.com'.This question is still unanswered. Can you please provide an answer.


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