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Interview Questions and Answers for 'Overstock' - 40 question(s) found - Order By Newest

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Very frequently asked. Among first few questions in almost all interviews. Among Top 5 frequently asked questions. Frequently asked in Indian service companies (HCL,TCS,Infosys,Capgemini etc based on multiple feedback )
  Q1. Difference between == and .equals() ?Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. "equals" is the method of object class which is supposed to be overridden to check object equality, whereas "==" operator evaluate to see if the object handlers on the left and right are pointing to the same object in memory.

x.equals(y) means the references x and y are holding objects that are equal. x==y means that the references x and y have same object.

Sample code:

String x = new String("str");
String y = new String("str");

System.out.println(x == y); // prints false
System.out.println(x.equals(y)); // prints true

  Sample Code for equals

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     java   string comparison   string   object class   ==    equals   object equality  operator     Asked in 292 Companies      basic        frequent

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Advanced level question. Frequently asked in High end product companies. Frequently asked in Cognizant and Deloitte ( Based on 2 feedback )
  Q2. Why is String immutable in Java ?Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. 1. String Pool - When a string is created and if it exists in the pool, the reference of the existing string will be returned instead of creating a new object. If string is not immutable, changing the string with one reference will lead to the wrong value for the other references.

Example -

String str1 = "String1";
String str2 = "String1"; // It doesn't create a new String and rather reuses the string literal from pool

// Now both str1 and str2 pointing to same string object in pool, changing str1 will change it for str2 too

2. To Cache its Hashcode - If string is not immutable, One can change its hashcode and hence it's not fit to be cached.

3. Security - String is widely used as parameter for many java classes, e.g. network connection, opening files, etc. Making it mutable might possess threats due to interception by the other code segment.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     java   oops   string   string class   immutable  immutability   advanced     Asked in 37 Companies      expert        frequent

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Frequently asked at Manhattan Associates ( Based on 2 feedback )
  Q3. What is a Lambda Expression ? What's its use ?Core Java
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Ans. Its an anonymous method without any declaration.

Lambda Expression are useful to write shorthand Code and hence saves the effort of writing lengthy Code.

It promotes Developer productivity, Better Readable and Reliable code.

  Sample Code for lambda

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     java   java8   lambda expression   architecture     Asked in 58 Companies      expert        frequent

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  Q4. Explain OOPs

or

Explain OOPs Principles

or

Explain OOPs Concepts

or

Explain OOPs features

or

Tell me something about OOPs
Core Java2017-06-13 08:25:45

Ans. OOPs or Object Oriented Programming is a Programming model which is organized around Objects instead of processes. Instead of a process calling series of processes, this model stresses on communication between objects. Objects that all self sustained, provide security by encapsulating it's members and providing abstracted interfaces over the functions it performs. OOP's facilitate the following features

1. Inheritance for Code Reuse
2. Abstraction for modularity, maintenance and agility
3. Encapsulation for security and protection
4. Polymorphism for flexibility and interfacing

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     oops  oops features     Asked in 237 Companies      basic        frequent


Frequently asked question in companies using Hibernate.
  Q5. What is Lazy Initialization in Hibernate ?Hibernate
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Ans. It's a feature to lazily initialize dependencies , relationship and associations from the Database. Any related references marked as @OneToMany or @ManyToMany are loaded lazily i.e when they are accessed and not when the parent is loaded.

  Sample Code for Lazy Initialization

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Very frequently asked. Favorite question in Walk in Drive of many Indian service companies.
  Q6. What is the difference between ArrayList and LinkedList ?Core Java
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Ans. Underlying data structure for ArrayList is Array whereas LinkedList is the linked list and hence have following differences -

1. ArrayList needs continuous memory locations and hence need to be moved to a bigger space if new elements are to be added to a filled array which is not required for LinkedList.

2. Removal and Insertion at specific place in ArrayList requires moving all elements and hence leads to O(n) insertions and removal whereas its constant O(1) for LinkedList.

3. Random access using index in ArrayList is faster than LinkedList which requires traversing the complete list through references.

4. Though Linear Search takes Similar Time for both, Binary Search using LinkedList requires creating new Model called Binary Search Tree which is slower but offers constant time insertion and deletion.

5. For a set of integers you want to sort using quicksort, it's probably faster to use an array; for a set of large structures you want to sort using selection sort, a linked list will be faster.

  Sample Code for ArrayList

  Sample Code for LinkedList

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     collections   java   data structures   arraylist   linkedlist     Asked in 61 Companies      Basic        frequent

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 Q7. What are the ways to avoid LazyInitializationException ?Hibernate
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Ans. 1. Set lazy=false in the hibernate config file.

2. Set @Basic(fetch=FetchType.EAGER) at the mapping.

3. Make sure that we are accessing the dependent objects before closing the session.

4. Force initialization using Hibernate.initialize

5. Using Fetch Join in HQL.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     hibernate   lazy loading hibernate   lazy initialization hibernate   lazyinitializationexception   architecture     Asked in 2 Companies

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Very Frequently asked. Have been asked in HCL Technologies very frequently ( based on 3 feedback ). Among first few questions in many interviews.
  Q8. Differences between abstract class and interface ?Core Java
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Ans. Abstract classes can have both abstract methods ( method declarations ) as well as concrete methods ( inherited to the derived classes ) whereas Interfaces can only have abstract methods ( method declarations ).

A class can extend single abstract class whereas it can implement multiple interfaces.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     java   classes   abstract class   interfaces     Asked in 81 Companies      basic        frequent


Very frequently asked in companies using SOA.
  Q9. What are RESTful Web Services ?Rest
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Ans. REST or Representational State Transfer is a flexible architecture style for creating web services that recommends the following guidelines -

1. http for client server communication,
2. XML / JSON as formatiing language ,
3. Simple URI as address for the services and,
4. stateless communication.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     java   web services   rest   java   j2ee  architecture     Asked in 14 Companies      intermediate        frequent


Frequently asked to fresh graduates and less experienced.
  Q10. Difference between Composition and Inheritance ?Core Java
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Ans. Inheritance means a object inheriting reusable properties of the base class. Compositions means that an abject holds other objects.

In Inheritance there is only one object in memory ( derived object ) whereas in Composition , parent object holds references of all composed objects.

From Design perspective - Inheritance is "is a" relationship among objects whereas Composition is "has a" relationship among objects.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     java   oops   oops concepts   inheritance  object oriented programming (oops)  oops concepts   composition  object oriented programming (oops)  oops concepts   difference between   basic interview question     Asked in 12 Companies      basic        frequent

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Very frequently asked.Usually among first few questions.
  Q11. What is MVC ? Design
Anonymous
Ans. MVC is a Design Pattern that facilititates loose coupling by segregating responsibilities in a Web application

1. Controller receives the requests and handles overall control of the request
2. Model holds majority of the Business logic, and
3. View comprise of the view objects and GUI component

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 Q12. What are the contents of Hibernate configuration file ( hibernate.cfg.xml ) ?Hibernate
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Ans. HBM Files ( Mapping )
DB Connection ( DB Connection String , User Name , Password , Pool Size )
SQL Dialect ( SQL variant to be generated )
Show SQL ( Show / No show SQL on Console )
Auto Commit ( True / False )

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     hibernate   configuration   barclays     Asked in 11 Companies


 Q13. What things you would care about to improve the performance of Application if its identified that its DB communication that needs to be improved ?Solution
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Ans. 1. Query Optimization ( Query Rewriting , Prepared Statements )

2. Restructuring Indexes.

3. DB Caching Tuning ( if using ORM )

4. Identifying the problems ( if any ) with the ORM Strategy ( If using ORM )

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     java   db   database   hibernate   orm   at&t   overstock.com   performance improvement   architecture   technical lead   architect      intermediate


  Q14. Difference between GET and POST Requests ?Web Service2016-07-22 15:00:21

Ans. GET is supposed to get information from the server. Client sends the minimal information so that Server can respond with the response body on basis of request. For example - You want to get complete employment record for employee id 123

POST is supposed to send the information for submission. Payload or a Body is usually sent so that it can be persisted on the server. For example - Sending the complete information of an employee ( id, name , dept etc ) to the server for persisting it.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     get vs post   web service   rest     Asked in 11 Companies      basic        frequent


Very Frequently asked. Usually asked along with String Class related questions.
  Q15. What is an immutable class ?Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. Class using which only immutable (objects that cannot be changed after initialization) objects can be created.

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Very frequently asked Hibernate interview question. Frequently asked in TCS ( based on 2 feedback )
  Q16. What are different types of associations in Hibernate ?Hibernate
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Ans. There are 4 types of associations in Hibernate

One to One
One to Many
Many to One
Many to Many

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Very frequently asked if being interviewed for hibernate. Frequently asked in Tata Consultancy (TCS) and Overstock.com
  Q17. Difference between load and get ?Hibernate
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Ans. If id doesnt exist in the DB load throws an exception whereas get returns null in that case.get makes the call to DB immediately whereas load makes the call to proxy.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     hibernate     Asked in 16 Companies      basic        frequent


 Q18. What is a Webdriver ?Testing2017-02-02 08:25:41

Ans. Selenium WebDriver is a tool for automating web application testing.It helps in replicating the manual tester behavior like keyboard entry, mouse events etc and then matching the output against the expected.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     selenium  webdriver     Asked in 37 Companies


Frequently asked at HCL Technologies ( Based on 3 feedback )
  Q19. Difference between Checked and Unchecked exceptions ?Core Java
Anonymous
Ans. Checked exceptions are the exceptions for which compiler throws an errors if they are not checked whereas unchecked exceptions are caught during run time only and hence can't be checked.

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Very Frequently asked. Favorite question in walkins and telephonic interviews. Usually among first few questions. Asked in different variants. Must know for intermediate and expert professionals.Among Top 10 frequently asked questions.
  Q20. What is rule regarding overriding equals and hashCode method ?Core Java
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Ans. A Class must override the hashCode method if its overriding the equals method.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     java   collections   hashcode  hash code   equals   collections     Asked in 44 Companies      intermediate        frequent

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 Q21. What are different types of second level cache ?Hibernate
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Ans. 1. EHCache ( Easy Hibernate )
2. OSCache ( Open Symphony )
3. Swarm Cache ( JBoss )
4. Tree Cache ( JBoss )

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     hibernate   orm   hibernate cache   technical lead     Asked in 7 Companies


 Q22. Is It Good to use Reflection in an application ? Why ?Core Java
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Ans. no, It's like challenging the design of application.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     java   reflection api   yes-no   architecture     Asked in 1 Companies      intermediate


Frequently asked these days as there are major changes in Java 8.
  Q23. What are new features introduced with Java 8 ?Core Java
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Ans. Lambda Expressions , Interface Default and Static Methods , Method Reference , Parameters Name , Optional , Streams, Concurrency.

  Sample Code for Lambda

  Sample Code for interface default

  Sample Code for Optional

  Sample Code for Streams

  Sample Code for java.time

  Sample Code for Predicate

  Sample Code for Consumer

  Sample Code for MapMerge

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 Q24. What is Criteria in Hibernate ?Hibernate
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Ans. Criteria is a simplified API for retrieving entities by composing Criterion objects.

For example - session.createCriteria(Employee.class).add( Restrictions.like("name", "A%") ).list();

will return all employee objects having name starting with A.

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  Q25. Which Software Development methodology is being used in your current Job ?General
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Ans. We are using Agile methodology. I attend daily stand up where the development leads takes the status of assigned stories, achievements, any bottlenecks or challenges. We follow iteration of 2 weeks.

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  Q26. Explain Application / Server architecture being used in your project ?

or

Explain your project architecture ?
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Ans. We are using cluster of Web servers and Application servers. Load Balancer is used to manage the load between them. Down the layer we have middleware server and then DB server to access database.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     architecture   production support   java   servers   application support     Asked in 7 Companies        frequent


 Q27. Have you ever had any conflict with the team member (like disagreement on some design decision ) and How you reacted to it ? General2016-11-30 15:55:39

Ans. [Open Ended Answer]

This is a very sensitive question and should be dealt with caution. Just simply saying that you never had any disagreement will present you as dumb team member. Showing your self as too aggressive in such decisions will present you as a trouble maker. You should present a situation where you had an argument / disagreement but eventually you and your team mates mutually found a way out of it.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve          Asked in 20 Companies      basic


  Q28. Explain the challenging problems you faced recently and how you overcame it ?General

Ans. [Open Ended Answer]

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     elsevier   open ended questions   overstock.com   cerner     Asked in 15 Companies        frequent


Recently asked in Sophos
 Q29. Write a Method to get a map of words and their count by passing in the stringCore Java

Ans. http://javasearch.buggybread.com/CodeSnippets/searchCodeSamples.php?keyword=Method+to+get+a+map+of+words&category=code

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     map  collections     Asked in 2 Companies      intermediate


Frequently asked question in companies using Rest Web services.
 Q30. Different between POST and PUT in Rest Rest2016-07-22 14:33:40

Ans. PUT requests are only meant to place the object as it is on server. For example - You want a file to be uploaded and then placed in a particular folder or you want an Employee object to be persisted in the table.

POST requests are also meant to transfer information from client to server but that information once received at the server is evaluated , modified or refactored before persisting.

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   Like         Discuss         Correct / Improve     Put vs Post   Rest     Asked in 5 Companies        frequent


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